Chalmers University of Technology

Chalmers University of Technology (Swedish: Chalmers tekniska högskola, commonly referred to as Chalmers) is a private research university located in Gothenburg, Sweden. Chalmers focuses on engineering and science, but more broadly it also conducts research and offers education in shipping, architecture and management.[2] The university has approximately 3100 employees and 10,000 students.

Chalmers University of Technology
Chalmers tekniska högskola
Avancez (French)
Motto in English
TypePrivate technical university
Established5 November 1829; 193 years ago (1829-11-05)
PresidentStefan Bengtsson
Administrative staff
Students10,712 (FTE, 2021)[1]
Location, ,
AffiliationsIDEA, EUA, CESAER, UNITECH, EURECOM, Nordic Five Tech

Chalmers is a highly-reputed university in education[3] and research,[4][5] and is consistently ranked among the world's top 100 universities in engineering and technology,[6][7] as well as considered one of Europe's leading technical universities.[8][9]

Chalmers is coordinating the Graphene Flagship, the European Union's biggest research initiative to bring graphene innovation out of the lab and into commercial applications,[10] and leading the development of a Swedish quantum computer.[11][12]

Chalmers is a member of the UNITECH International program, the IDEA League, the Nordic Five Tech,[13] and the ENHANCE[14] alliances as well as the EURECOM consortium and the CESAER network.

History Edit

Chalmers was founded in 1829 following a donation by William Chalmers, a director of the Swedish East India Company. He donated part of his fortune for the establishment of an "industrial school".[15] The university was run as a private institution until 1937 when it became the second state-owned technical university. In 1994 the government of Sweden reorganised Chalmers into a private company (aktiebolag) owned by a government-controlled foundation. Chalmers is one of only three universities in Sweden which are named after a person, the other two being Karolinska Institutet and Linnaeus University.

Departments Edit

Chalmers University of Technology has the following 13 departments:[16]

  • Architecture and Civil Engineering
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Communication and Learning in Science
  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Industrial and Materials Science
  • Life Sciences
  • Mathematical Sciences
  • Mechanics and Maritime Sciences
  • Microtechnology and Nanoscience
  • Physics
  • Space, Earth and Environment
  • Technology Management and Economics

Furthermore, Chalmers is home to six Areas of Advance and six national competence centers in key fields such as materials, mathematical modelling, environmental science, and vehicle safety.

Research infrastructure Edit

Chalmers University of Technology's research infrastructure includes everything from advanced real or virtual labs to large databases, computer capacity for large-scale calculations and research facilities.[17]

  • Chalmers AI Research Centre, CHAIR
  • Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering, C3SE
  • Chalmers Mass Spectrometry Infrastructure, CMSI
  • Chalmers Power Central
  • Chalmers Materials Analysis Laboratory
  • Chalmers Simulator Centre
  • Chemical Imaging Infrastructure
  • Facility for Computational Systems Biology
  • HSB Living Lab
  • Nanofabrication Laboratory
  • Onsala Space Observatory
  • Revere – Chalmers Resource for Vehicle Research
  • The National laboratory in terahertz characterisation
  • SAFER - Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers

Rankings and reputation Edit

University rankings
Global – Overall
QS World[18]129 (2024)
QS Employability[19]83 (2022)
THE World[20]189 (2024)
Global – Science and engineering
ARWU Electrical & Electronic Engineering[21]51-75 (2022)
QS Engineering & Tech.[22]80 (2022)
THE Engineering[23]88 (2023)

Since 2012, Chalmers has achieved the highest reputation for Swedish Universities by the Kantar Sifo's Reputation Index. According to the survey, Chalmers is the most well-known university in Sweden regarded as a successful and competitive high-class institution with a large contribution to society and credibility in media.[24][25]

Moreover, the European Commission has recognized Chalmers as one of Europe's top universities,[26] while based on the U-Multirank 2022, Chalmers characterized as a top performing university across various indicators (i.e., teaching & learning, research, knowledge transfer and international orientation) with the highest number of ‘A’ (very good) scores on the institutional level for Sweden.[27][28]

Additionally, in 2018, a benchmarking report from MIT ranked Chalmers top 10 in the world of engineering education,[3] while in 2020, the World University Research Rankings placed Chalmers 12th in the world based on the evaluation of three key research aspects, namely research multi-disciplinarity, research impact, and research cooperativeness.[29]

Finally, in 2011, the International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions, which is established on the basis of the number of alumni holding a post of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or equivalent in one of the Fortune Global 500 companies, Chalmers ranked 38th in the world, ranking 1st in Sweden and 15th in Europe.[30]

Ties and partnerships Edit

Chalmers is a member of the IDEA League network, a strategic alliance between five leading European universities of science and technology. The scope of the network is to provide the environment for students, researchers and staff to share knowledge, experience and resources.[8]

Moreover, Chalmers is a partner of the UNITECH International, an organization consisting of distinguished technical universities and multinational companies across Europe. UNITECH helps bridge the gap between the industrial and academic world offering exchange programs consisting of studies as well as an integrated internship at one of the corporate partners.[31][32]

Chalmers is also a member of the Nordic Five Tech network, a strategic alliance of the five leading technical universities in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The Nordic Five Tech universities are amongst the top international technical universities with the goal of creating synergies within education, research and innovation.[33]

Additionally, Chalmers is a member of the ENHANCE, an alliance of ten leading Universities of Technology shaping the future of Europe and driving transformation in science and society.[34] The partner institutions have a history of solid cooperation in EU programmes and joint research projects.

Furthermore, Chalmers is a member of CESAER, a European association of universities of science and technology. Among others, the requirements for a university to be a member of CESAER is to provide excellent science and technology research, education and innovation as well as to have a leading position in their region, their country and beyond.[35]

Additionally, Chalmers has established formal agreements with three leading materials science centers: University of California, Santa Barbara, ETH Zurich and Stanford University. Within the framework of the agreements, a yearly bilateral workshop is organized, and exchange of researchers is supported.[36]

Chalmers has general exchange agreements with many European and U.S. universities and maintains a special exchange program agreement with National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan where the exchange students from the two universities maintain offices for, among other things, helping local students with applying and preparing for an exchange year as well as acting as representatives.[37]

Finally, Chalmers has strong partnerships with major industries such as Ericsson, Volvo, Saab AB and AstraZeneca.[38]

Students Edit

Approximately 40% of Sweden's graduate engineers and architects are educated at Chalmers.[citation needed] Each year, around 250 postgraduate degrees are awarded as well as 850 graduate degrees. About 1,000 post-graduate students attend programmes at the university, and many students are taking Master of Science engineering programmes and the Master of Architecture programme. Since 2007, all master's programmes are taught in English for both national and international students. This was a result of the adaptation to the Bologna process that started in 2004 at Chalmers (as the first technical university in Sweden).

Currently, about 10% of all students at Chalmers come from countries outside Sweden to enrol in a master's or PhD program.[citation needed]

Around 2,700 students also attend Bachelor of Science engineering programmes, merchant marine and other undergraduate courses at Campus Lindholmen. Chalmers also shares some students with Gothenburg University in the joint IT University project. The IT University focuses exclusively on information technology and offers bachelor's and master's programmes with degrees issued from either Chalmers or Gothenburg University, depending on the programme.

Chalmers confers honorary doctoral degrees to people outside the university who have shown great merit in their research or in society.

Organization Edit

Chalmers is an aktiebolag with 100 shares à 1,000 SEK,[39] all of which are owned by the Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, a private foundation, which appoints the university board and the president. The foundation has its members appointed by the Swedish government (4 to 8 seats), the departments appoint one member, the student union appoints one member and the president automatically gains one chair.[40] Each department is led by a department head, usually a member of the faculty of that department. The faculty senate represents members of the faculty when decisions are taken.

Campuses Edit

the gate of Chalmers (Gibraltar Campus)

In 1937, the school moved from the city centre to the new Gibraltar Campus, named after the mansion which owned the grounds, where it is now located. The Lindholmen College Campus was created in the early 1990s and is located on the island Hisingen. Campus Johanneberg and Campus Lindholmen, as they are now called, are connected by bus lines.

Student societies and traditions Edit

Traditions include the graduation ceremony and the Cortège procession, an annual public event.

  • Chalmers Students' Union
  • Chalmers Aerospace Club – founded in 1981. In Swedish frequently also referred to as Chalmers rymdgrupp (roughly Chalmers Space Group). Members of CAC led the ESA funded CACTEX (Chalmers Aerospace Club Thermal EXperiment) project where the thermal conductivity of alcohol at zero gravity was investigated using a sounding rocket.
  • Chalmers Alternative Sports – Student association organizing trips and other activities working to promote alternative sports. Every year the Chalmers Wake arranges a pond wakeboard contest in the fountain outside the architecture building at Chalmers.
  • Chalmersbaletten
  • Chalmers Ballong Corps
  • Chalmers Baroque Ensemble
  • Chalmers Business Society (CBS)
  • Chalmers Choir
  • Chalmers Formula Student
  • ETA - (E-sektionens Teletekniska Avdelning) Founded in 1935, it's a student-run amateur radio society that also engages in hobby electronics.
  • Chalmers Film and Photography Committee (CFFC)
  • Chalmersspexet – Amateur theater group which has produced new plays since 1948
  • Chalmers International Reception Committee (CIRC)
  • XP – Committee that is responsible for the experimental workshop, a workshop open for students
  • Chalmers Program Committee – PU
  • Chalmers Students for Sustainability (CSS) – promoting sustainable development among the students and runs projects, campaigns and lectures
  • Föreningen Chalmers Skeppsbyggare, Chalmers Naval Architecture Students' Society (FCS)
  • Chalmers Sailing Society
  • RANG – Chalmers Indian Association
  • Caster – Developing and operating a Driver in the Loop (DIL) simulator, which is used in various courses and projects

Notable alumni Edit

Presidents Edit

Although the official Swedish title for the head is "rektor", the university now uses "President" as the English translation. [42]

1829 – 1852 Carl Palmstedt
1852 – 1881 Eduard von Schoultz
1881 – 1913 August Wijkander
1913 – 1933 Hugo Grauers
1934 – 1943 Sven Hultin
1943 – 1958 Gustav Hössjer
1958 – 1966 Lennart Rönnmark
1966 – 1974 Nils Gralén
1974 – 1989 Sven Olving
1989 – 1998 Anders Sjöberg
1998 – 2006 Jan-Eric Sundgren
2006 – 2015 Karin Markides
2015 – 2023 Stefan Bengtsson
2023 – Martin Nilsson Jacobi

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c Chalmers årsberättelse, hållbarhetsrapport och årsredovisningar 2021 . Retrieved on 4 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Chalmers University of Technology - About".
  3. ^ a b "The Global State of the Art in Engineering Education" (PDF). MIT J-WEL. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  4. ^ "World University Research Rankings 2020". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Research Rankings 2022". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  6. ^ "World University Rankings 2023 by subject: engineering". 6 October 2022. Retrieved 16 January 2023.
  7. ^ "Best Global Universities for Engineering". Retrieved 4 March 2023.
  8. ^ a b "IDEA League". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  9. ^ "UNITECH website". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  10. ^ "the Graphene Flagship". Retrieved 5 December 2022.
  11. ^ "Putting Sweden at the forefront of quantum technology". Retrieved 5 December 2022.
  12. ^ "Swedish university is behind quantum computing breakthrough". Retrieved 5 December 2022.
  13. ^ "Nordic Five Tech". Retrieved 5 August 2023.
  14. ^ "ENHANCE". Retrieved 5 August 2023.
  15. ^ "A brief history of Chalmers". 19 October 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  16. ^ "Departments at Chalmers University of Technology". Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  17. ^ "Research infrastructures". Retrieved 25 September 2023.
  18. ^ "QS World Rankings".
  19. ^ "QS Employability Rankings".
  20. ^ "World University Rankings 2024".
  21. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences".
  22. ^ World University Rankings by subject
  23. ^ "THE World University Rankings by subject".
  24. ^ "Continued highest reputation among Swedish higher education institutions". Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  25. ^ "Chalmers has the highest reputation in Sweden". 21 September 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  26. ^ "Chalmers reputation and ranking". Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  27. ^ "U-MULTIRANK 2022" (PDF). Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  28. ^ "U-MULTIRANK Chalmers". Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  29. ^ "World University Research Rankings 2020". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  30. ^ "International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions". Archived from the original on 22 January 2009.
  31. ^ "Work placements and international experience". 31 October 2022. Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  32. ^ "UNITECH International Home". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  33. ^ "Nordic Five Tech". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  34. ^ "ENHANCE Website". Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  35. ^ "CEASER Website". Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  36. ^ "Networking and partner universities". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  37. ^ "NCTU Europe". 28 October 2022. Retrieved 6 December 2022.
  38. ^ "Industrial collaboration". 11 November 2022. Retrieved 6 December 2022.
  39. ^ Statutes of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 3 (this is a translation of the swedish text Archived 6 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.) Chalmers University of Technology
  40. ^ Statues of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 5 Archived 14 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Chalmers University of Technology. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  41. ^ FAQ & Biography Archived 6 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 16 Oct. 2014
  42. ^ "Chalmers Presidents over the years". Retrieved 29 September 2023.

External links Edit

57°41′18″N 11°58′36″E / 57.68833°N 11.97667°E / 57.68833; 11.97667