Trunk Line

  (Redirected from Hovedbanen)

The Trunk Line (Norwegian: Hovedbanen) is a railway line in Norway which runs between Oslo and Eidsvoll. The line is owned by Bane NOR.

Trunk Line
Hovedbanen Norway first trial run 1853.jpg
Depiction of the first trial run of the rails, in 1853
Overview
Native nameHovedbanen
TypeRailway
TerminiOslo S
Eidsvoll
Stations19
Operation
Opened1854
OwnerBane NOR
Operator(s)Norwegian State Railways
CargoNet
CharacterLocal and freight trains
Rolling stockClass 69 and Class 72
Technical
Line length68 km
Track length112 km
Number of tracks1–2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
Operating speedMax. 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph)
Route map
Eidsvoll Station
(1998)
67.51 km Old Eidsvoll Station
(1854)
Rv181 Eidsvollvegen
Møllerhaugen
(205 m)
Hundsbitet
(1932)
62.25 km Bøn Station
(1855)
62.0 km
Andelva
(47 m)
Løken Tunnel
(162 m)
Bøns Tunnel
(243 m)
Bønsdalen fabrikker
61.0 km
Bøns parsell (1854-1944)
Teglverket
(1932)
59.54 km Varud Station
(1953)
Heiret
(1932)
57.20 km Dal Station
(1854)
Fv503 Finstadvegen
Herregården
(1937)
Sand
(1932)
53.44 km Sand
(1992)
Rv179 Hauersetervegen
branch line to Syverstad
49.62 km Hauerseter Station
(1894)
Rv174 (ca. 40 m)
46.10 km Nordby Station
(1932)
44.60 km Jessheim Station
(1854)
Rv178 Algarheimsvegen
E6 (160 m)
Smedstua
(1932)
connection line to Gardermoen Line
Dragvoll
(1932)
Asper
(1932)
Lystad
(1932)
40.01 km Asper
(1984)
Holum
(1932)
36.48 km Kløfta Station
(1854)
33.62 km Arteid
(1932)
32.3 km Lindeberg
(1944)
Gardermoen Line
Rv171 Haldenvegen
Nybrøtt
(1932)
29.86 km Frogner Station
(1854)
Børke Bridge
Leira (ca. 60 m)
Børke
(1932)
26.87 km Leirsund Station
(1997)
26.66 km Leirsund Station
(1859)
25.20 km Lillestrøm N
(1997)
industrial track
Rv22 Fetveien (ca. 30 m)
Lundsovergangen
(1932)
Rv120 Jernbanegata (ca. 30 m)
20.95 km Lillestrøm Station
(1854)
Nitelva
(46 m)
Strøm
Stalsberg
Rv159 Strømsveien (ca. 20 m)
19.05 km Sagdalen
(1938)
Flaen bru
Sagelva (27 m)
Strømmen side track
17.93 km Strømmen Station
(1854)
16.42 km Fjellhamar Station
(1931)
Losby Line
15.50 km Hanaborg Station'
(1956)
Rv163 Lørenskogveien (ca. 20 m)
14.15 km Lørenskog Station
(1857)
159,3 m asl
13.09 km Høybråten Station
(1921)
154,6 m asl
12.09 km Haugenstua Station
(1937)
side track to Sannerud
industrial track to Grorud
127,0 m asl
10.50 km Grorud Station
(1854)
9.30 km Nyland Station
(1944)
Statsbanenes workshop
side track to Leirdal
Rv191 Nedre Kalbakkvei (ca. 30 m)
branch track to Veitvet grustak
branch track to Volla
Alna godsterminal
6.87 km Alna Station
(1971)
Linjegodsterminalen
6.50 km Alnabru Station
(1902)
E6 (111 m)
E6 Adolf Hedins vei
3.89 km Bryn Station
(1858)
78,3 m asl
Etterstad
Gjøvikbanen (25,8 m)
Vålerenga
Galgeberg
Rv161 St. Halvards gate
Grønland
Havnebanen (removed)
0.27 km Oslo S
(1854)
Oslo Tunnel
(1980)

HistoryEdit

Built by Robert Stephenson, the Trunk Line was opened on 1 September 1854 by the Norwegian Trunk Railway (Norwegian: Norsk Hoved-Jernbane), making it the oldest public railway line in Norway. It connected to steamboats on Lake Mjøsa, allowing steam powered transport to places like Lillehammer, 180 kilometers (110 mi) from Oslo. The name comes from the fact that during the planning, it was the only railway project in Norway considered economically viable, since steamboats were considered cheaper if they could be used. The railway was successful and more railways started to be considered.

The section between Kristiania East and Lillestrøm was rebuilt to double track in 1902, and the line was electrified in two portions, in 1927 and 1953. The Trunk Line was the main line between Oslo and Eidsvoll until 8 October 1998, when the more direct, double-tracked high-speed Gardermoen Line opened, taking most of the passenger traffic.

Today the old line between Oslo and Lillestrøm is used for freight traffic and for commuter trains serving the suburban stations in outer Oslo, Lørenskog and Skedsmo. In addition overcrowded trains are not allowed through the Romerike Tunnel, and are occasionally diverted to the old line.[1]

Passenger service on the old line past Jessheim is only provided to Dal.

StationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hovedbanen at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 60°01′07″N 11°06′03″E / 60.01861°N 11.10083°E / 60.01861; 11.10083