|Comune di Cento|
|Frazioni||Alberone, Buonacompra, Casumaro, Corporeno, Molino Albergati, Pilastrello, Renazzo, Reno Centese, XII Morelli|
|• Mayor||Edoardo Accorsi (PD)|
|• Total||64 km2 (25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
(31 December 2014)
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Blaise Bishop and Martyr|
|Saint day||February 3|
The name Cento is a reference to the centuriation of the Po Valley. Cento's growth from its origin as a little fishing village in the marshes to an established farming town took place in the first few centuries in the second millennium.
The Bishop of Bologna and the Abbot of Nonantola established the Partecipanza Agraria, an institution in which land would perpetually be redistributed every twenty years among the male heirs of the families who constituted the initial core of the community in the 12th century.
In 1502 Pope Alexander VI took it away from the dominion of the Bishop of Bologna and made it part of the dowry of his daughter Lucrezia Borgia, betrothed to Duke Alfonso I d'Este. It was later returned to the Papal States in 1598.
South-east of the city lies the small historic fortification of Pieve di Cento.
- Palazzo del Monte di Pietà (18th century), housing the Civic Gallery. It has paintings by the local artist Guercino. The latter's works can be seen also in the Basilica Collegiata San Biagio, Santa Maria dei Servi, the church of the Rosary, also designed by him, and, in the frazione of Corporeno, the 14th-century church of San Giorgio.
- The Rocca (Castle), a massive square building with square towers. Built in 1378 by the bishop of Bologna, it was enlarged by Giulio della Rovere, the future pope Julius II, in 1460.
- Palazzo del Governatore (Governor's Palace, 1502). It is home to the Galleria d'arte moderna Aroldo Bonzagni.
- Porta Pieve (14th century), the sole surviving gate of the four once existing.
Cento is the European's city of Carnival and it is twinned with Rio carnival.
- Marco Zoppo, painter
- Benedetto Gennari, painter
- Cesare Cremonini, philosopher
- Giovan Francesco Barbieri best known as Il Guercino, painter
- Bartolomeo Gennari, painter
- Ercole Gennari, painter
- Benedetto Gennari II, painter
- Cesare Gennari, painter
- Benjamin D'Israeli, grandfather of British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
- Antonio Lamberto Rusconi, cardinal
- Bartolomeo Campagnoli, violinist
- Giuseppe Alberghini, cardinal
- Ugo Bassi, patriot
- Leone Carpi, political, economist and journalist
- Giuseppe Borgatti, tenor
- Aroldo Bonzagni, painter
- Carmen Lenzi Mozzani, classical guitarist
- Mario Maccaferri, classical guitarist, lutist as well as guitar and ukulele maker
- Giovanni Malagodi, politician and economist
- Ferruccio Lamborghini, industrialist
- Corrado Ardizzoni, Olympic cyclist
- Jessica Rossi, sports shooter
- Luigi Mozzani, classical guitarist as well as guitar and violin maker
The nearby center of Renazzo is known in the astronomical community because of the Renazzo meteorite, which fell in 1824 and it is considered the prototype of a class of carbonaceous chondrites known as "CR group" (where the "R" comes from the name Renazzo).
Cento is twinned with:
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Statute of Partecipanza Agraria (Italian)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
-  Meteoritical Bulletin Database
- Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2013-08-05.