Cento (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛnto]; Northern Bolognese: Zèint; City Bolognese: Zänt; Centese: Zènt) is a town and comune in the province of Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

Comune di Cento
Castle (Rocca) of Cento
Castle (Rocca) of Cento
Flag of Cento
Coat of arms of Cento
Location of Cento
Cento is located in Italy
Location of Cento in Italy
Cento is located in Emilia-Romagna
Cento (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 44°44′N 11°17′E / 44.733°N 11.283°E / 44.733; 11.283
ProvinceFerrara (FE)
FrazioniAlberone, Buonacompra, Casumaro, Corporeno, Molino Albergati, Pilastrello, Renazzo, Reno Centese, XII Morelli
 • MayorEdoardo Accorsi (PD)
 • Total64 km2 (25 sq mi)
15 m (49 ft)
 (31 December 2014)[2]
 • Total35,837
 • Density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code051
Patron saintSt. Blaise Bishop and Martyr
Saint dayFebruary 3
WebsiteOfficial website
View of the historical center

History edit

The name Cento is a reference to the centuriation of the Po Valley. Cento's growth from its origin as a little fishing village in the marshes to an established farming town took place in the first few centuries in the second millennium.

The Bishop of Bologna and the Abbot of Nonantola established the Partecipanza Agraria, an institution in which land would perpetually be redistributed every twenty years among the male heirs of the families who constituted the initial core of the community in the 12th century.[3]

In 1502 Pope Alexander VI took it away from the dominion of the Bishop of Bologna and made it part of the dowry of his daughter Lucrezia Borgia, betrothed to Duke Alfonso I d'Este. It was later returned to the Papal States in 1598.

South-east of the city lies the small historic fortification of Pieve di Cento.

Main sights edit

  • Palazzo del Monte di Pietà (18th century), housing the Civic Gallery. It has paintings by the local artist Guercino. The latter's works can be seen also in the Basilica Collegiata San Biagio, Santa Maria dei Servi, the church of the Rosary, also designed by him, and, in the frazione of Corporeno, the 14th-century church of San Giorgio.
  • The Rocca (Castle), a massive square building with square towers. Built in 1378 by the bishop of Bologna, it was enlarged by Giulio della Rovere, the future pope Julius II, in 1460.
  • Palazzo del Governatore (Governor's Palace, 1502). It is home to the Galleria d'arte moderna Aroldo Bonzagni.
  • Porta Pieve (14th century), the sole surviving gate of the four once existing.

Culture edit

Cento is the European's city of Carnival and it is twinned with Rio carnival.

People edit

Trivia edit

The nearby center of Renazzo is known in the astronomical community because of the Renazzo meteorite, which fell in 1824 and it is considered the prototype of a class of carbonaceous chondrites known as "CR group" (where the "R" comes from the name Renazzo).[5]

International relations edit

Cento is twinned with:

References edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Statute of Partecipanza Agraria (Italian)
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cento (town)" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ [1] Meteoritical Bulletin Database
  6. ^ Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2013-08-05.

External links edit