Giovanni Malagodi

Giovanni Francesco Malagodi (12 October 1904 in London – 17 April 1991 in Rome) was an Italian liberal politician, secretary of the Italian Liberal Party and president of the Italian Senate.

Giovanni Malagodi
Giovanni Malagodi 1972.jpg
President of the Italian Senate
In office
22 April 1987 – 1 July 1987
Preceded byAmintore Fanfani
Succeeded byGiovanni Spadolini
Minister of Treasury
In office
26 February 1972 – 7 July 1973
Prime MinisterGiulio Andreotti
Preceded byEmilio Colombo
Succeeded byUgo La Malfa
President of the Italian Liberal Party
In office
Preceded byGaetano Martino
Succeeded byValerio Zanone
Personal details
Born(1904-10-12)12 October 1904
London, United Kingdom
Died17 April 1991(1991-04-17) (aged 86)
Rome, Italy
Political partyItalian Liberal Party

He was the 3rd and the 6th President of Liberal International in the period 1958–1966 and 1982–1989 respectively.


Born in London, he was the son of journalist and politician Olindo Malagodi. Starting from the 1930s, he held directive positions in the Banca Commerciale Italiana and was thus named as Italian representative at the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation.

In 1953 he entered the Italian Liberal Party (Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI) and was appointed as the party's national secretary the following year. During his tenure, PLI abandoned the connection with the 19th century Unification of Italy ideals, and established strong ties with Confindustria, the association of Italian industrialists. In particular, Malagodi was a strong opposer of Christian Democracy's openings towards the Italian Socialist Party. This, in 1955, caused the secession of PLI's left wing, forming the Radical Party. Under Malagodi, in 1963 the party scored a record 7% in the Parliament elections.

Between 1954 and 1965 he participated in several Bilderberg conference.

With the formation of centre-left governments in the 1960s, PLI was marginalized in the Italian political world, and suffered an unstoppable decline, which was not halted by the party's participation in the second Giulio Andreotti cabinet in 1972–1973. Malagodi was chosen as Minister of the Treasure. Malagodi launched a series of measures to favour younger and more politically aligned bureaucrats, such as that of the so-called pensioni d'oro ("Golden pensions").

In 1972 Malagodi resigned as PLI's secretary, being followed by Agostino Bignardi, assuming the party's presidency. He abandoned the latter positions in 1977, in contrast with the new secretary, Valerio Zanone, who was more oriented to a collaboration with centre-left parties. Malagodi was the president of the Italian Senate from 22 April to 1 July 1987, succeeding Amintore Fanfani.

He died at Rome in 1991.

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Party political offices
Preceded by President of the Italian Liberal Party
Succeeded by
Transnational offices
Preceded by President of the Liberal International
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Liberal International
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Treasury
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Italian Senate
Succeeded by