Cardiff Central (UK Parliament constituency)
Cardiff Central (Canol Caerdydd in Welsh) is a borough constituency in the city of Cardiff. It returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Cardiff Central in Wales.
|Preserved county||South Glamorgan|
|Population||88,097 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||64,225 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Jo Stevens (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cardiff North and Cardiff South East|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Cardiff North and Cardiff West|
|Welsh Assembly||Cardiff Central, South Wales Central|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
1918-1950: The County Borough of Cardiff wards of Canton, Cathays, Central, and Riverside.
1983-2010: The City of Cardiff wards of Adamsdown, Cathays, Cyncoed, Pentwyn, Plasnewydd, and Roath.
2010-present: The Cardiff electoral divisions of Adamsdown, Cathays, Cyncoed, Pentwyn, Penylan, and Plasnewydd.
As its name suggests, Cardiff Central covers the central area of the City of Cardiff. It extends from the area around the Millennium Stadium in the south to Llanishen Golf Course in the north, taking in the City Centre and the University.
This was a Conservative-held three-way marginal constituency throughout the 1980s but since 1997 Labour and the Liberal Democrats have pushed the Conservative candidate into third place. The Liberal Democrats won the equivalent Welsh Assembly seat in 1999 and 2003 and also dominate the wards which make up the seat in elections to Cardiff Council.
The constituency is socially diverse, with both very affluent and very deprived areas. It has a large student population which seems to have helped Labour to win in 1992 and 1997 but thereafter increasingly switched to the Liberal Democrats due to opposition to government plans for reforming student support. This switched yet again in the 2015 general election where students were disillusioned by the broken promises the Liberal Democrats made regarding tuition fees. This was despite the fact that these student loan promises did not apply to Wales, which has a different funding system and MP Jenny Willott had also voted against the English changes in Parliament. 
The seat was unchanged in the Fifth Periodical Report of the Parliamentary Boundary Commission for Wales, which took effect at the 2010 general election.
Since the seat's re-creation in 1983, it has been held successively by each of the three main political parties; the Liberal Democrats gained it at the 2005 election after 13 years of Labour representation.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1918||James Childs Gould||Conservative|
MPs since 1983Edit
|1992||Jon Owen Jones||Labour|
|2005||Jenny Willott||Liberal Democrat|
Elections 1983 to currentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Eluned Parrott||5,415||13.4||-13.7|
|Plaid Cymru||Mark Hooper||999||2.5||-2.5|
Of the 80 rejected ballots:
- 59 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 19 voted for more than one candidate.
- 2 had writing or a mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Willott||10,481||27.12||−14.3|
|Green||Chris Von Ruhland||2,461||6.37||+4.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Martin Pollard||1,925||4.98||+1.5|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+12.8|
Of the 117 rejected ballots:
- 81 were either unmarked or it was uncertain who the vote was for.
- 32 voted for more than one candidate.
- 4 had writing or a mark by which the voter could be identified.
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Willott||14,976||41.4||−8.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Chris Williams||1,246||3.4||−0.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mark Beech||142||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−1.4|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Willott||17,991||49.8||+13.1|
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||12,398||34.3||−4.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Richard Rhys Grigg||1,271||3.5||−1.3|
|New Millennium Bean Party||Captain Beany||159||0.4||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Catherine Taylor-Dawson||37||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+8.7|
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||13,451||38.6||−5.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Willott||12,792||36.7||+11.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Richard Rhys Grigg||1,680||4.8||+1.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Julian Goss||283||0.8||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Madeleine Jeremy||217||0.6||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||-8.5|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||18,464||43.7||+1.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Randerson||10,541||24.9||+3.6|
|Socialist Labour||Terence Burns||2,230||5.3||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Wayne Vernon||1,504||3.6||+1.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Craig James||204||0.5||N/A|
|Natural Law||Anthony Hobbs||80||0.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+7.8|
|Labour Co-op||Jon Owen Jones||18,014||42.0||+9.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Randerson||9,170||21.4||−8.0|
|Plaid Cymru||Huw Marshall||748||1.7||+0.4|
|Green||Christopher Von Ruhland||330||0.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Brian Francis||105||0.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.5|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Labour||Jon Owen Jones||13,255||32.3||+8.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Siân Caiach||535||1.3||−0.5|
|Plaid Cymru||Andrew Morgan||704||1.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||Charles Stuart Hallinan||11,982||35.65||N/A|
|Liberal||Peter Hopkin Morgan||5,121||15.24||+3.50|
|Labour gain from National Labour||Swing|
General election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- National Labour: Ernest Bennett
- Labour: John Ramage
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|National Labour||Ernest Bennett||16,954||51.51||-17.65|
|Liberal||William Glanville Brown||3,863||11.74||N/A|
|National Labour hold||Swing|
|National Labour||Ernest Bennett||24,120||69.16||+40.06|
|National Labour gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+10.1|
|Liberal||Aneurin John Glyn Edwards||4,805||16.5||-13.1|
|Unionist||James Childs Gould||10,261||38.4||-11.6|
|Labour||James Ewart Edmunds||8,563||32.0||+2.6|
|Liberal||Ieuan Watkins Evans||7,923||29.6||+9.0|
|Unionist||James Childs Gould||13,885||50.0||+8.9|
|Labour||James Ewart Edmunds||8,169||29.4||+7.0|
|Liberal||Charles Fletcher Sanders||5,732||20.6||+0.5|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Unionist||James Childs Gould*||8,542||41.1||N/A|
|Labour||James Ewart Edmunds||4,663||22.4||N/A|
|Liberal||George Frederick Forsdyke||4,172||20.1||N/A|
|Independent Unionist||Robert Hughes||3,419||16.4||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
- coupon issued but withdrawn.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Cardiff Central: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS – Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Cardiff Central', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/local-news/lib-dem-jenny-willott-loses-9043442%7Cwebsite=WalesOnline%7Caccessdate=11 September 2015
- "Cardiff Central 1918–1950". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
- Election results for Cardiff Central, UK Parliamentary Election - Thursday, 8th June, 2017, cardiff.gov.uk, retrieved 18 June 2017
- Salter, Christine (11 May 2017), Cardiff Central, Statement of Persons Nominated, Notice of Poll and Situation of Polling Stations (PDF), cardiff.gov.uk, retrieved 16 May 2017
- Salter, Christine (11 May 2017), Cardiff Central, Notice of Election Agents' Names and Offices (PDF), cardiff.gov.uk, retrieved 16 May 2017
- Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Election 2017: Cardiff Central
- Cardiff Liberal Democrats, Eluned Parrott to fight for Cardiff Central, 24 April 2017
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Cardiff Central result". Election results for Cardiff Central. City of Cardiff Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- Cardiff Central Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Cardiff County Council – candidates Cardiff Central
- Cardiff Central BBC Election – Cardiff Central
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- nomis Constituency Profile for Cardiff Central – presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report
- A Vision Of Britain Through Time (Constituency elector numbers)