Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency)
Cardiff South and Penarth (Welsh: De Caerdydd a Phenarth) is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 1] It is the largest such entity in Wales, with an electorate of 75,175 and one of the most ethnically diverse. It has been won by the Labour Party candidate since its creation in 1983.
|Cardiff South and Penarth|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Cardiff South and Penarth in Wales.
|Preserved county||South Glamorgan|
|Population||107,455 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,175 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Doughty (Labour Co-operative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cardiff South East & parts of Barry and Monmouth|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales Central|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Creation and boundary historyEdit
Prior to 1983 Penarth had been part of the abolished Barry constituency, represented by the Conservative backbencher Sir Raymond Gower. Most of the electorate of the new constituency had previously fallen into the abolished seat of Cardiff South East, represented by former Prime Minister, James Callaghan.
Its boundaries remained unchanged until the 2010 redistribution, when Sully was added to this constituency from the Vale of Glamorgan seat.
Cardiff South and Penarth has had three MPs since its creation, containing some very Labour-inclined wards from Cardiff such as Butetown, Grangetown and Splott, and several wards from the neighbouring borough of the Vale of Glamorgan, with Penarth mostly favourable to Labour, but some decent Conservative areas as Plymouth and Sully in the southern end of the seat. The first, elected at the 1983 general election, was the former Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan, who secured the seat with a 5.5% majority over Conservative David Tredinnick. Callaghan had immediately prior to the dissolution of Parliament, represented Cardiff South East. Callaghan first became an MP at the 1945 general election, for Cardiff South.
The second MP was Alun Michael (Labour and Co-operative Party) who served 25 years from 1987 before choosing to stand down in 2012. Michael's affiliation with the Co-operative Party did not appear on ballot papers at the 2010 general election because the Electoral Commission ruled that any joint candidates who wanted the names of both their parties included on the ballot paper could not also display the Labour red rose logo. Michael opted to drop the reference to the Co-operative Party but after the election denounced the ruling as "an outrageous piece of incompetence by the Electoral Commission". Michael briefly became Secretary of State for Wales in 1998. Michael held the seat at the 2010 general election with a majority of 10.6% following a 6% swing to the Conservative candidate.
In 2012, Michael was selected by the Labour and Co-operative Parties as their candidate for the election of a Police and Crime Commissioner for the South Wales Police force area and announced he would be standing down from Parliament.
At a by-election held on 15 November 2012, Labour's decline was reversed coupled with very low turnout (down 38.2% on the previous election). Labour's Stephen Doughty succeeded Alun Michael winning 47.3% of the overall vote. This was an increase (in share-of-the-vote terms) on Michael's 2010 performance. However, in terms of actual votes cast (9,193 compared with 17,262 in 2010), it was Labour's lowest in this constituency. The 2015 result gave the seat the 83rd-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. Labour's result in 2017 saw them secure their largest ever margin in the constituency in terms of raw votes.
- Other parties
Five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. The second-placed candidate has been a Conservative since the seat was incepted. The closest result was in 1983, when Callaghan won by 5.5% of the vote.
1983–2010: The City of Cardiff wards of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Borough of Vale of Glamorgan wards of Alexandra (became Plymouth and St Augustine's from 2004), Cornerswell, Llandough, and Stanwell.
2010–present: The Cardiff electoral divisions of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott, and Trowbridge, and the Vale of Glamorgan County Borough electoral divisions of Cornerswell, Llandough, Plymouth, St Augustine's, Stanwell, and Sully.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|2012 by-election||Stephen Doughty||Labour|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||30,182||59.5||+16.7|
|Plaid Cymru||Ian Titherington||2,162||4.3||-3.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Emma Sands||1,430||2.8||-2.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+6.7|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||19,966||42.8||+3.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Ben Foday||3,443||7.4||+3.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Howells||2,318||5.0||-17.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+2.7|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||9,193||47.3||+8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Bablin Molik||2,103||10.8||−11.5|
|Plaid Cymru||Luke Nicholas||1,854||9.5||+5.3|
|Socialist Labour||Andrew Jordan||235||1.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+8.4|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,262||38.9||−7.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Hannigan||9,875||22.3||+2.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Farida Aslam||1,851||4.2||−1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,447||47.3||−8.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Gavin Cox||7,529||20.4||+7.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jason Toby||2,023||5.5||+0.0|
|Socialist Alternative||David Bartlett||269||0.7||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Catherine Taylor-Dawson||79||0.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||4.7|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,094||56.2||+2.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Rodney Berman||4,572||12.8||+3.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Lila Haines||1,983||5.5||+2.4|
|Socialist Alliance||David Bartlett||427||1.2||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Anne Savoury||367||1.0||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||22,647||53.4||−2.2|
|Conservative||Caroline E. Roberts||8,786||20.7||−12.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon J. Wakefield||3,964||9.3||+1.5|
|New Labour||John Foreman||3,942||9.3||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||David B.L. Haswell||1,356||3.2||+1.6|
|Referendum||Phillip S.E. Morgan||1,211||2.9||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Mike K. Shepherd||344||0.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Barbara Caves||170||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+5.3|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||26,383||55.5||+8.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Prabhat Verma||3,707||7.8||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Barbara Anglezarke||776||1.6||+0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+5.9|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,956||46.7||+5.4|
|Liberal||Jennifer Elizabeth Randerson||6,900||15.4||−5.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Sian Edwards||599||1.3||−0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Plaid Cymru||Sian Anghared Edwards||673||1.6||N/A|
|Freedom from World Domination||Benjamin Thomas Lewis||165||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
References, notes and sourcesEdit
- "Cardiff South and Penarth: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS – Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Cardiff South and Penarth', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Election 2015 – Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- David Ottewell, "Labour candidates barred from using red rose emblem", Manchester Evening News, 21 April 2010.
- Penarth Times, 27 May 2010.
- A notional calculation using estimated 2005 results for the boundary-changed constituency. "Cardiff South and Penarth". BBC News. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Date set for three parliamentary by-elections". BBC News. 23 October 2012.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
- "Cardiff South and Penarth 1983–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Cardiff South and Penarth result". Election results for Cardiff South and Penarth. City of Cardiff Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Labour MP Stephen Doughty Is Nominated To Stand Again In 2015 general election", Penarth Daily News (blog), 15 July 2013.
- "UKIP Takes Its 2015 Parliamentary Election Challenge Onto The Streets Of Penarth", Penarth Daily News (blog), 25 November 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Cardiff South and Penarth Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Cardiff County Council – candidates Cardiff South and Penarth
- BBC Election Results BBC News – Election Results – Cardiff South and Penarth
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- A borough constituency in terms of election expenses and type of returning officer
- "Results: Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC News: Election 2005. BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2006.
- "News Release – South Glamorgan" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Wales. 10 November 2004. Retrieved 25 May 2006.
- "Aristotle: Cardiff South and Penarth". The Guardian. London. 8 May 2004. Archived from the original on 24 March 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2006.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Cardiff South and Penarth – presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report
- A Vision Of Britain Through Time (Constituency elector numbers)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Father of the House