Cape Canaveral, Florida
Cape Canaveral, Florida
|City of Cape Canaveral|
Cape Canaveral City Hall
|Country||United States of America|
|• Mayor||Bob Hoog|
|• City Manager||David L. Greene|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Mike Brown|
|• City||2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)|
|• Land||2.22 sq mi (5.75 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,711.97/sq mi (1,819.33/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0279995|
After the establishment of a lighthouse in 1848, a few families moved into the area and a small but stable settlement was born. As the threat of Seminole Indian attacks became increasingly unlikely, other settlers began to move into the area around the Indian River. Post offices and small community stores with postal facilities were established at Canaveral, Canaveral Harbor and Artesia. It is thought the Artesia post office was so named for the ground water of artesian springs that are prevalent in the area.
In 1890 a group of Harvard Alumni students established a hunters gun club called the Canaveral Harvard Club with a holding of over 18,000 acres (7,300 ha). Their game hunts helped clear the wilderness for other settlers to move in.
In the early 1920s, a group of Orlando journalists invested more than $150,000 in the beach acreage that now encompasses the area of presidentially-named streets in Cape Canaveral. They called their development Journalista (now Avon-by-the-Sea) in honor of their trade. A wooden bridge linking Merritt Island with the area had just been constructed. The developers anticipated a growing number of seasonal visitors.
At that time, fishermen, retirees, and descendants of Captain Mills Burnham —the original official keeper of the Cape Canaveral Light—resided in the northern part of the present city.
Due to the hardships caused by the Great Depression, many investors defaulted on their holdings. Much of this land was recovered by newspaper owner R.B. Brossier and his son, Dickson, after they sold their Orlando home and used the remaining $4,500 to purchase much of the Avon area.
In 1951, anthropologist Irvine Rouse of Yale University visited the area and performed research.
By 1958 the workforce and the economy had grown with the space program. At that time, state statute allowed an adjacent city to annex an unincorporated area without a vote of the residents. Local property owners were concerned that Cocoa Beach might annex them. Landowners felt that Cocoa Beach had more city debt and higher land taxes than they wished to support.
The City of Cape Canaveral started in 1961 when a committee was formed to incorporate. Due to paperwork delays the city charter was made into bill 167 and approved by the Florida State Legislature in Tallahassee on May 16, 1963.
In 1967, the annual Sun and Space Festival was started. It had flyovers and a parade that included a stop at the newly opened Museum of Sunken Treasure. This contained artifacts from the 1715 Treasure Fleet.
An annual celebration was started on October 9, 1990, The Patriot's Day Parade in honor of the last naval battle of the American Revolution that was fought off the Cape Canaveral coast in 1783.
In 2012, the city started celebrating its 50th year since incorporation. At a Heritage Day event in March 2013 part of the festivities included author Jay Barbree who delivered an oral history of the early days. On the official 50th anniversary date of May 16, 2013 a 50-year time capsule was sealed and a pictorial postmark of the city's anniversary was stamped.
The city of Cape Canaveral is located on a barrier island on the Atlantic coast of Florida. It is due south of the geographical feature Cape Canaveral. It is separated from the mainland by the Banana River, Merritt Island and the Indian River from east to west.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2). 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.85%) is water.
Cape Canaveral has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification). It has hot wet summers, and warm winters with moderate rainfall. In late summer and fall tropical cyclones can brush the area. On August 20, 2008, Tropical Storm Fay dropped 20.03 inches (50.9 cm) of rain.
|Climate data for Cape Canaveral, Florida|
|Record high °F (°C)||89
|Average high °F (°C)||71
|Average low °F (°C)||49
|Record low °F (°C)||17
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.27
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,829 people, 5,066 households, and 2,097 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,788.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,463.0/km2). There were 6,641 housing units at an average density of 2,849.3 per square mile (1,100.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.68% White, 1.43% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Out of all of which Hispanics or Latinos of constituted 3.48% of the population, regardless of race.
There were 5,066 households, out of which 11.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.6% were non-families. 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.74 and the average family size was 2.41.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 11.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,858, and the median income for a family was $43,109. Males had a median income of $33,571 versus $22,423 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,537. About 9.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Cape Canaveral has a cross section of both single family and multifamily residences. A number of hotels and time shares in the area. Many residents work in the service industry, space contracting firms and at the Kennedy Space Center to the north.
In 2007, the average size of Cape Canaveral's labor force was 5,824. Of that group, 5,533 were employed and 291 were unemployed, for an unemployment rate of 5%.
Tourism plays a major role in the economy as in any Florida beachside community. The largest hotel in Brevard County is located in the city. It has 284 rooms and 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) of meeting space.
Cape Canaveral is run by a council–manager government. The City Council consists of five members, including the mayor. All seats on the City Council are filled by nonpartisan election as outlined in the City Charter. The City Manager is an appointed position that acts as the city's administrative leader and carries out the council's acts and directives.
- Mayor – Bob Hoog
- Mayor Pro Tem – Mike Brown
- Councilmember – Wes Morrison
- Councilmember – Mickie Kellum
- Councilmember – Angela Raymond
- City Manager (appointed) – David L. Greene
- City Clerk (appointed) – Mia Goforth
In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $1.46 billion.
- Raymond Jamieson, March 1962 – June 1963
- Richard Thurm, June 1963 – June 1970
- Leo Nicholas, June 1970 – June 1971
- George Firkins, Jr., June 1971 – June 1973
- Franklyn Maclay, June 1973 – June 1976
- Leo Nicholas, June 1976 – November 1977
- Ann Thurm, November 1977 – June 1979
- Johnson Murphy, Jr., June 1979 – November 1982
- Wayne Rutherford, November 1982 – November 1985
- Patrick Lee, November 1985 – November 1988
- Joy Salamone, November 1988 – November 1994
- John Porter, November 1994 – November 1997
- Rocky Randels, November 1997 – November 2015
- Bob Hoog, November 2015 – Present
The primary transportation is by road.
- SR A1A, known officially as Astronaut Boulevard in the central and northern parts of the town and Atlantic Avenue in the southern parts, is the main road, running north–south within the city. Major intersections include George King Boulevard (diamond interchange), Central Boulevard, and Atlantic Avenue.
- SR 528 is a controlled-access highway that connects the city with the mainland. It is concurrent with SR A1A until George King Boulevard, where SR 528 then ends, and SR A1A becomes a normal surface road.
- CR 401 is an unsigned, albeit major, county road. It is an old alignment of SR A1A and is named Atlantic Avenue until its terminus at George King Boulevard. Major intersections include George King Boulevard, Central Boulevard, and Astronaut Boulevard.
Public transportation is provided by Space Coast Area Transit (SCAT). The #9 Beach Trolley bus line circles through Cape Canaveral and runs down to Cocoa Beach and connects with other SCAT bus lines serving Brevard County.
- "City Council of Cape Canaveral - City Council Roster" (PDF). City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. November 16, 2016.
- "The City Manager's Office". City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Retrieved December 2015. Check date values in:
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cape Canaveral city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-06-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Osborne, Ray (2008). Cape Canaveral. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-7385-5327-6.
- Rouse, Irving (1981). Survey of Indian River Archaeology. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 45. ISBN 978-0-404-15668-8.
- City History City of Cape Canaveral - Official Site. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- Thurm, Ann. The History of the City of Cape Canaveral and The Cape Canaveral Area. City of Cape Canaveral. ISBN 0-9650719-0-1.
- The Treasure of Cape Canaveral published in Indian River Journal by Brevard Historical Commission
- Saggio, Jessica (May 28, 2018). "10 things you may not know about Cocoa Beach, Cape Canaveral". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 3A, 10A. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- "Most Fit City". Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- "Spaceline: History of Cape Canaveral B.C.-1948". Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Tropical Storm Fay continues to drift west". Florida Today. Florida Today. 2008-08-21. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30.
- "Monthly Averages for Cape Canaveral, FL". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Cape Canaveral Community Data Sheet[permanent dead link] Economic Development Council of Florida's Space Coast. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- Building Permits Archived 2009-06-15 at the Wayback Machine United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- Price, Wayne T. (28 February 2010). "As Orlando slumps, so does Brevard". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3E.
- Elected Officials City of Cape Canaveral official website. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- City Manager City of Cape Canaveral - Official Site. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
- "City Clerk's Office". City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Retrieved December 2015. Check date values in:
- Dean, James (April 26, 2008). More taxes or fewer services. Florida Today.
- "Notice of Public Disclosure of the full cost of solid waste management services within the service area of the city of Cape Canaveral, Florida for the 2009-10 Fiscal Year". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. March 31, 2011. pp. 2B.
- "City Council of Cape Canaveral - Past Mayors". City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. December 1, 2015.
- "Index - Space Coast Area Transit Brevard's Transportation Experts -". Space Coast Area Transit Brevard’s Transportation Experts -.
- "Irma leaves Sykes Creek Bridge in limbo". floridatoday.com.
- Harris, Michael Williams, David. "Brevard barrier island at risk of losing water source after Hurricane Irma". orlandosentinel.com.
- Report of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey Showing the Progress of the Survey During the Year 1859. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1860. p. 320.
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