Canning Highway

Canning Highway is an arterial road in Perth, Western Australia, linking the inner Perth suburb of Victoria Park in the north-east, to the port city of Fremantle in the south-west.

Canning Highway

Canning Highway, Applecross.jpg
Canning Highway running through Applecross
General information
TypeHighway
Length17 km (11 mi)
Opened1920s
Route number(s)
Major junctions
Northeast end Great Eastern Highway (National Highway 94 / National Route 1), Victoria Park
 
Southwest end Queen Victoria Street (State Route 12), Fremantle
Location(s)
Major settlementsSouth Perth, Kensington, Como, Applecross, East Fremantle
Highway system

The road is mostly a four-lane divided carriageway, with a general speed limit of 60 km/h (37 mph). It is located immediately south of the Swan River and runs between The Causeway in Victoria Park and Queen Victoria Street in Fremantle.

HistoryEdit

Canning Highway is named after the river which it crosses,[1] which was in turn named after George Canning (1770–1827), an eminent British statesman who for a brief period was Prime Minister of Great Britain.

The modern highway was formally commenced in the 1920s, with major work commencing in 1927 to upgrade an 8-mile (13 km) section between Suburban Street, South Perth (now Mill Point Road) and Petra Street, East Fremantle. The road initially had the following names:[2]

  • Canning Road (Fremantle–Wireless Hill)
  • Perth–Fremantle Road (Wireless Hill–Canning Bridge)
  • Lower Canning Road (Canning Bridge–South Terrace)
  • Fremantle Road (South Terrace–Causeway)

The road was officially named Canning Highway on 23 November 1937.[2] In 1938, the present northern bridge over Canning River was opened. It was 32 feet (9.8 m) wide and constructed of timber, as was then common practice. The experience gained building this bridge was used to construct the Fremantle Traffic Bridge over the Swan River one year later. The Fremantle Traffic Bridge joined Canning Highway near Fremantle with North Fremantle, and this intersection forms the highway's present western terminus.

In 1958, the present southern bridge over Canning River was constructed which coincided with the opening of Kwinana Freeway between the Narrows Bridge and Canning Highway.

In 1974, the rotary (roundabout) at the southern end of the Causeway in Victoria Park was upgraded to a parclo interchange, which resulted in Canning Highway joining seamlessly with Great Eastern Highway. At the same time, Stirling Highway was extended from North Fremantle across the Swan River via the new Stirling bridge to join with Canning Highway.

In 1979, a new diamond interchange was built near Canning Bridge to route the Kwinana Freeway underneath Canning Highway and progress the freeway further southwards.

Apart from minor additional lanes and modifications, the highway has remained largely unchanged since.

Raffles HotelEdit

One of the most enduring sights on Canning Highway has been the Raffles Hotel at night-time, with its ornamental lighting and an iconic animated rooftop neon beer sign (for many years advertising Swan Lager). It is situated in Applecross adjacent to Canning Bridge. The hotel has reopened with a pub and a bottle shop called Raffles Liquor Merchants. The Raffles later swapped to two beer advertising neon lights, one for Victoria bitter and one large one advertising Crown lager. Since at least 2015 however, the neon lights now advertise Asahi Super Dry.

Public transportEdit

Canning Highway crosses the Kwinana Freeway at the Canning Bridge station on the Mandurah railway line. Buses also stop at this station and enter and exit the freeway via bus lanes. High frequency route 910 traverses the whole length of Canning Highway, and route 111 also runs along the section of the highway west of Canning Bridge. Special event route 659 runs a limited stop route along Canning Highway between Fremantle Station and Perth Stadium.

Major intersections & interchangesEdit

The entire highway is located in the Perth Metropolitan Region. All intersections mentioned below are signalised unless otherwise mentioned.

LGALocationkmmiDestinationsNotes
Victoria ParkBurswoodVictoria Park boundary0.000.00     Great Eastern Highway north-east (National Route 1 / (National Highway 94) / The Causeway north-west (State Route 5) / Shepperton Road south-east (State Route 30) / Albany Highway south-east – Midland, Perth, ArmadalePartially grade separated with no access into Albany Highway. Causeway to Canning Highway southbound is looped. Canning Highway north-east bound to Shepperton Road is at-grade; State Route 6 eastern terminus; National Route 1 continues south-west and north-east
Victoria Park0.80.50Berwick Street  – Bentley, St. James
South PerthSouth Perth1.20.75Way RoadWay Road connects Canning Highway to Mill Point Road
2.01.2Douglas Avenue  – Kensington, Bentley, Curtin University
South Perth – Como boundary2.81.7South Terrace
Como3.92.4Thelma Street (west)  – South Perth/ Barker Avenue (southeast)Thelma Street connects Canning Highway to Labouchere Road
5.03.1Henley Street  – Manning, Karawara
5.53.4   Kwinana Freeway (State Route 2) southbound ramps  – Rockingham /   Manning Road (State Route 26) (east)  – Manning, Salter PointModified diamond interchange (Kwinana Freeway free flowing). National Route 1 western concurrency terminus; additional "bus-only" ramps to/from Perth; southbound entrance and Manning Road exit ramps merge, requiring weaving.
5.73.5  Kwinana Freeway (State Route 2) northbound ramps  – Perth, Joondalup /   Manning Road (State Route 26) northbound rampSimilar to above, however there is no right turn availability from Canning Highway westbound to Kwinana Freeway northbound.
Canning River5.8–
6.0
3.6–
3.7
Canning Bridge
MelvilleApplecross – Mount Pleasant boundary6.13.8Canning Beach Road (north) / Kintail Road (west)No right turn access from Canning Beach/Kintail Road southbound onto Canning Highway westbound
6.64.1Sleat Road
Applecross7.04.3Reynolds Road
Applecross - Ardross boundary7.44.6Ardross Street
8.05.0Riseley Street  – Booragoon
Alfred Cove - Attadale boundary10.26.3North Lake Road  – Myaree, Kardinya, Cockburn Central
Attadale - Bicton - Melville - Palmyra quadripoint12.37.6Stock Road  – O'Connor, Rockingham
Bicton - Palmyra boundary13.78.5Carrington Street  – Hamilton Hill
Melville-East Fremantle BoundaryBicton - East Fremantle - Palmyra tripoint14.08.7Petra Street
East FremantleEast Fremantle15.29.4Preston Point Road
15.49.6   Stirling Highway (State Route 5,Tourist Drive 204) – Mosman Park, Claremont, Perth
FremantleFremantle16.110.0  Queen Victoria Street (State Route 12)  – North Fremantle, CottesloeHighway terminus: continues west as Queen Victoria Street (State Route 12) to Fremantle CBD
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Origin and Meaning of Street and Place Names" (PDF). Municipal Heritage Inventory. City of South Perth. July 2004. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "The Land Act, 1933–1936. Change of Name of Road — Perth to Fremantle. (per 1495/30)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 23 November 1937. p. 1937:2009.
  • Edmonds, Leigh (1997). The vital link: a history of Main Roads Western Australia 1926–1996. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 1-875560-87-4.
  • StreetSmart Perth 2003 Street Directory. Midland, Western Australia: Department of Land Administration and West Australian Newspapers Ltd. 2002. ISBN 0-909699-87-9.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata