Candi Kethek

Candi Kethek, is a terraced megalithic pyramid shaped 15th-16th century Hindu temple on the northwest slope of Mount Lawu in Anggrasmanis village of Gumeng subdistrict in Jenawi district of Karanganyar Regency in Central Java of Indonesia.[1][2] Temple has seven terraces facing west, each terrace is connected by stone steps.[3] There is an alternative path to the top terrace on the south side. Kethek Temple is located northeast of fifteenth-century Javanese-Hindu Ceto Temple. To reach Candi Kethek, visitors must take a 300 m footpath from Ceto Temple in the direction of the path leading to Puri Taman Saraswati.

Candi Kethek Pyramid Hindu temple
Kethek temple mt lawu.JPG
Candi Kethek's pyramid shaped terraces
LocationMount Lawu, Jenawi district, f Karanganyar Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.
CoordinatesCoordinates: 7°35′39″S 11°09′28″E / 7.59417°S 11.15778°E / -7.59417; 11.15778
BuiltBuilt by Mataram Kingdom 15th-16th century
Candi Kethek is located in Java
Candi Kethek
Location within Java
Candi Kethek is located in Indonesia
Candi Kethek
Candi Kethek (Indonesia)

EtymologyEdit

Kethek in Javanese means monkey, the name given by local residents to this temple because there used to be many monkeys in this area. Candi means Hindu temple built during the Zaman Hindu-Buddha or "Hindu-Buddhist period", between the 4th and 15th centuries.[4]

HistoryEdit

The existence of this temple has been reported since 1842.[3] In 2005, excavations were carried out by the Central Java Archaeological Heritage Preservation Agency in collaboration with the Department of Archeology of Gadjah Mada University and the Karanganyar Regency Government. A statue of tortoise, incarnation of Hindu deity Lord Vishnu, denoting Samudramanthana, was found on the lowest terrace, which confirmed that Candi Kethek is a Hindu place of worship.[3] Research on the Kethek Temple is still ongoing to obtain more information history of the temple by studying the layout of the temple, and inscriptions and artifacts found at the site.

ArchitectureEdit

This temple is similar to the Ceto temple and 15th-century Javanese-Hindu Sukuh temple (candi) found in this area on the terraces, all of which are considered to be the hallmark of Megalith cultural heritage buildings in the archipelago. Based on this similarity, the time of Candi Kathek's establishmentwas estimated to be almost the same as the other two temples, i.e. around the 15th to 16th centuries CE.

On the first terrace of the temple, there is a building on the northeast side. The second and third terraces each have two buildings on the north and south sides. Whereas the fourth terrace, the top terrace, is thought to be the site of the main temple building, which is now has a small "stana" with a golden crown, clad in Balinese Poleng Fabric.

See alsoEdit

Pyramid temples in Indonesia
Related topics in Java
Other related topics

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geerken, H. H. (2017). Hitler's Asian Adventure. Bukit Cinta. ISBN 9783738630138., p. 424.
  2. ^ Penyusun, T. (2020). Menyaksikan Kemegahan Candi Hindu Yang Tersebar Di Pulau Jawa. TEMPO Publishing. ISBN 9786232626171., p. 26.
  3. ^ a b c Flame Rozario, Pyramids in Indonesia? It's not just Gunung Padang 30 May 2016.
  4. ^ Soekmono, R. (1995). Jan Fontein (ed.). The Javanese Candi: Function and Meaning, Volume 17 from Studies in Asian Art and Archaeology, Vol 17. Leiden: E.J. BRILL. ISBN 9789004102156.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: ref duplicates default (link), p. 1.

External linksEdit