The Federal Executive Council (FEC), also simply known as The Cabinet is the cabinet of ministers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and is part of the executive branch of the Government of Nigeria. The council's role, as written in the Ministers' Statutory Powers and Duties Act,[1] is to serve as an advisory body to the President of Nigeria, who serves as the FEC's chairman. Members of the cabinet are appointed and report to the President, who can dismiss them at will. The cabinet currently consists of 24[2] Federal Ministries, each responsible for some aspect of providing government services, as well as a number of parastatals (government-owned corporations).

Federal Executive Council
Council overview
HeadquartersAso Rock Presidential Villa, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
Council executives

Relationship to civil service edit

The ministries and parastatals are staffed by career civil servants. Each is headed by a Permanent Secretary, a senior civil servant appointed by the Head of the Civil Service. The Permanent Secretary is accountable to a Minister, who sits in the Cabinet and reports to the President. The Minister is appointed by the President subject to approval by the Senate and is responsible for policy, also while the Permanent Secretary is responsible for implementation of policy.[3]

Confirmation Process edit

The heads of the executive ministries are nominated by the President and then presented to the Senate. Section 147 (6) of the Nigerian constitution gives the Senate 21 days to complete the screening for confirmation or rejection by a simple majority. According to Section 147 (5) of the constitution the only qualification for one to be appointed as Minister is that the person must be “qualified for election into the House of Representatives”. If approved, they receive their commission scroll, are sworn in and then begin their duties.

Salary edit

The heads of the executive departments and most other senior federal officers at cabinet or sub-cabinet level receive their salary under a fixed pay plan as reviewed by the Revenue Mobilisation Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC).[4] The annual basic salary of a substantive minister is ₦2,026,400 (₦168,866:66 per month).[5]

Ministers and Ministers of State edit

According to the Nigerian Constitution, there must be at least one Cabinet member from each of the 36 states in Nigeria, although there are only 28 ministries and at times the President takes direct control of a key ministry such as Petroleum Resources. To ensure representation from each state, a Minister is often assisted by one or more Ministers of State.[6]

Cabinet edit

See also edit

Notes edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Ministers' Statutory Powers and Duties Act". Archived from the original on 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  2. ^ "List of Federal Ministers of Nigeria, Permanent Secretaries & Their Ministries". STATE HOUSE Office of the President, Federal Republic of Nigeria. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  3. ^ "Permanent Secretaries". Office of the Head of Service of the Federation. Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
  4. ^ "ADJUSTMENTS OF CERTAIN RATES OF PAY". RMAFC. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  5. ^ "Salaries of Political Office Holders". 2019-05-15. Archived from the original on 2021-04-16. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  6. ^ "Government Ministries in Nigerian". Commonwealth of Nations. Retrieved 2009-12-21.