C. N. Sreekantan Nair

C. N. Sreekantan Nair (1928–1976) was an Indian independence activist, a Malayalam writer, short story writer, playwright and screenwriter, best known for his Ramayana trilogy – Kanchana Sita, Saketham and Lankalakshmi. He wrote 10 plays, 4 short story anthologies, book of non-fiction and collected works. Kerala Sahitya Akademi awarded him their annual award for drama in 1962. He was also a recipient of the M. P. Paul Prize.

C.N.Sreekantan Nair
C.n.SreekantanNair.jpg
Born(1928-03-31)March 31, 1928
DiedDecember 17, 1976(1976-12-17) (aged 48)
Resting placeChavara, Kollam district, Kerala
OccupationWriter, playwright, screenwriter, Journalist
Notable work
SpouseKanakangi Amma
ChildrenC.N.Unnikrishnan, Ambika Kumar
Parent(s)Madavoor S.Neelakanta PIllai, Madhavikutty Amma
AwardsKerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Drama, M. P. Paul Prize

BiographyEdit

C. N. Sreekantan Nair was born on March 31, 1928 at Thiruvananthapuram in the south Indian state of Kerala to Madavoor S.Neelakanta Pillai and Madhavikutty Amma.[1] After schooling at local schools, he did his college education at Thiruvananthapuram during which time he was involved in student politics and served as the secretary of Akhila Thiruvithamcoor Vidyarthi Congress and as the vice president of the Akhilendhya Vidyarthi Congress. He participated in the Vidyarthi Congress of 1947 which was banned by C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, the then Diwan of Travancore, and he had to go into hiding. After the Indian independence, he completed his graduate studies and joined Prabhodham daily run by A. P. Udhayabhanu. Later, he worked in a number of publications, such as Navabharatham, Kaumudi, Tharapadham, Kathamalika and Deshabhandhu.[2] He also worked as the district information officer of Department of Information and Public Relations, a job he quit, following a difference with R. Sankar, the then chief minister of Kerala.[1]

Sreekantan Nair was married to Kanakangi Amma[3] and the couple has two children.Towards the later part of his life, he turned spiritual and was involved in the running of a press, Sreemudralayam, in Kottayam which was later shifted to Ernakulam. He died on December 17, 1976, at the age of 48.[1]

Legacy and honoursEdit

Sreekanatan Nair, whose body of work comprises 10 plays, 4 short story anthologies and a book of non-fiction,[4] is best known for his Ramayana-based trilogy,[5] Saketham, Lankalakshmi and Kanchana Sita.[6][7] Ayyappa Panicker, a noted poet and scholar, observed that Lankalakshmi brought out the playwright in Sreekantan Nair, while Saketham and Kanchana Sita highlighted the poet and the philosopher in the playwright.[8] His first major play was Nashtakachavadam, which was a short story in the beginning but was later rewritten as a play in 1957 and Kali a play he wrote in 1967 is known as the first surrealist play in Malayalam literature.[1] Nair, who experimented with stage direction and concepts of theatre,[9] co-founded Nataka Kalari, a Kollam-based forum for the promotion and practice of theatre; several known writers and artists such as M. Govindan, Ayyappa Panikkar, G. Aravindan, Kainikkara Kumara Pillai and G. Sankara Pillai were involved with the movement.[10] "Thanathunatakavedi", the idea of having a theatre involving indigenous art forms of Kerala was first evolved from C.N. He published an article "Thanathunatakavedi" in 1967 detailing his thoughts. He was the organiser of the 5th All India Writers Conference at Eloor, Kerala and The World Parliament of Religions in 1968 at Sasthamkotta, Kerala.[citation needed]

Sreekantan Nair's involvement with Malayalam cinema started with the 1966 film, Archana, directed by K. S. Sethumadhavan, and he wrote the story, screenplay and dialogues for the film.[11] His next venture was for Kamuki, an Adoor Gopalakrishnan film, which was based on Nair's story but the film never released.[12] Theerangal, a film by Rajeevnath in 1978 was based on his story and he wrote the dialogues for the movie and collaborated with the director on the screenplay.[13] His play, Kanchana Sita was adapted into a film with same name by G. Aravindan and the film fetched the National Film Award for Best Direction for its director.[14]

Sreekantan Nair received the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Drama in 1962 for the play, Kanchana Sita.[15] He was also a recipient of the M. P. Paul Prize, his play, Nashtakachavadam, fetching him the award.[2]

WorksEdit

PlaysEdit

  • Saketham
  • Lankalakshmi
  • Kanchana Sita
  • Nadakathrayam
  • Aa kani thinnaruthu
  • Aettile Pasu
  • Kali
  • Sneham Bhakti
  • Nashtakachavadam
  • Madhuvidhu
  • Manyathayude mara

Short storiesEdit

  • Thilakkunna mannu
  • Pichipoo
  • Puliyilakkara neryathu
  • Sindoora pottu

EssayEdit

  • Randilayum oru thiriyum

BibliographyEdit

  • Sreekantan Nair, C. N. (2008). C N Sreekantan nayarute krithikal sampoornam. Kottayam: D.C. Books. ISBN 9788126418404.
  • Sreekantan Nair (1982). Kazhinjakala chithrangal. Kottayam: National Book Stall.
  • Sreekantan Nair, C. N. (2002). Naataka thrayam (2nd. ed.). Kottayam: D.C. Books. ISBN 9788126403929.
  • C. N. Sreekantan Nair (2013). In the Shade of the Sahyadri. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198092179.
  • Sreekantan Nair C N (1961). Kanchanaseetha. Kottayam: DC Books. ISBN 9788126411948.
  • Sreekantan Nair C N (1974). Lankalakshmi. Kottayam: DC Books. ISBN 9788126411214.
  • Nair, C. N. Sreekandan (12 March 2005). Kali. Current Books Thrissur.
  • Sreekantan Nair C N. Saketham.
  • Nashtakkachavadam
  • Aa Kani Thinnaruth
  • Aettile Pashu
  • Madhuvidhu
  • Sindoorappottu
  • Thilakkunna Ponnu
  • Pichippoo
  • Puliyilakkara Neryath

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Biography on Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal". Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "C. N. Sreekantan Nair - Veethi profile". veethi.com. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  3. ^ "CN SREEKANDAN NAIR Archives". TVSAMSKARA. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  4. ^ "List of works". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Kerala News : Retelling the Ramayana". The Hindu. 21 August 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2019.[dead link]
  6. ^ Suganthy Krishnamachari (12 February 2010). "Dialogue was its forte". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  7. ^ K. Venkiteswaran (21 August 2005). "Retelling the Ramayana". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  8. ^ Anand Haridas (14 January 2011). "The King of Lanka". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  9. ^ "Epic moments". The Hindu. 9 March 2006. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  10. ^ Sethunath, K. P. (17 December 2017). "Man behind Nataka Kalari fading into insignificance". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Archana (1966)". www.malayalachalachithram.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Kaamuki (1971)". www.malayalachalachithram.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Theerangal (1978)". www.malayalachalachithram.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  14. ^ Sashi Kumar (2–15 January 2010). "Aravindan's art". Frontline. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2011.{{cite magazine}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ "Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Drama". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. 15 April 2019. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2019.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit