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Bruno Maderna in April 1972.

Bruno Maderna (21 April 1920 – 13 November 1973) was an Italian conductor and composer.

LifeEdit

Bruno Maderna was born Bruno Grossato in Venice but later decided to take the name of his mother, Caterina Maderna.[1] At the age of four he began studying the violin with his grandfather. ‘My grandfather thought that if you could play the violin you could then do anything, even become the biggest gangster. If you play the violin you are always sure of a place in heaven.’[2] As a child he played several instruments (violin, drums and accordion) in his father's small variety band. A child prodigy, in the early thirties he was not only performing violin concertos, he was already conducting orchestral concerts: first with the orchestra of La Scala in Milan, then in Trieste, Venice, Padua and Verona.

Orphaned at the age of four,[3] Maderna was adopted by a wealthy woman from Verona, Irma Manfredi, who saw that he received a solid musical education. He took private lessons in harmony and composition from Arrigo Pedrollo in 1935–37 and studied composition with Alessandro Bustini at the Rome Conservatory in 1937–40.[3]

After Rome he returned to Venice, where he attended the advanced course for composers (1940–42) organised by Gian Francesco Malipiero at the Benedetto Marcello Conservatory (his Concerto for Piano and Orchestra dates from this time). He also studied conducting with Antonio Guarnieri at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena (1941) and Hermann Scherchen in Venice (1948).[4] Through Scherchen Maderna discovered twelve-tone technique and the music of the Second Viennese School.

During the Second World War he took part in the partisan resistance. From 1948 to 1952 he taught music theory at the Venice Conservatory. During this period he collaborated with Malipiero on critical editions of Italian early music. Fellow composers he met at this time included Luigi Dallapiccola and, at the Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik, Boulez, Messiaen, Cage, Pousseur, Nono and Stockhausen.

In 1950 Maderna started an international career as a conductor, first in Paris and Munich, then across Europe. In 1955 he founded the Studio di fonologia musicale di Radio Milano with Luciano Berio[5] and Incontri musicali, a series of concerts disseminating contemporary music in Italy. In 1957–58, at the invitation of Giorgio Federico Ghedini, he taught at the Milan Conservatory, and between 1960 and 1962 he lectured at Dartington International Summer School in England. From 1961 to 1966, Maderna and Pierre Boulez were the main directors of the International Kranichsteiner Kammerensemble in Darmstadt. Despite this heavy workload throughout these years Maderna found time to compose.

During the 1960s and '70s he spent much time in the United States, teaching and conducting. In 1971–72 he was appointed director of new music at Tanglewood. In 1972–73 he became the principal conductor of the Orchestra Sinfonica of RAI in Milan. Maderna died of cancer in Darmstadt in 1973.

A number of composers wrote pieces in Maderna's memory, including Pierre Boulez (Rituel in memoriam Bruno Maderna)[6] and Luciano Berio (Calmo for voice and orchestra).[dead link][7] Earle Brown's Centering, dedicated to the memory of Maderna, ends with a short quotation from Maderna's First Oboe Concerto.[8]

WorkEdit

Maderna composed much music in all genres: instrumental, chamber, concertos and electronic, as well as large amounts of incidental music (for theatre and radio) and transcriptions and editions of early music.

At the heart of Maderna's output are a number of concertos, including one for violin, one for two pianos, two for solo piano and several for flute and orchestra. He was particularly drawn to the oboe, composing three concertos in all: the first in 1962–63 followed by two more in 1967 and 1973.[9]

Other major orchestral works include Aura and Biogramma (both 1967) and Quadrivium, for four percussionists and four orchestral groups (premiered at the 1969 Royan Festival). Giuseppe Sinopoli recorded all three of these pieces with the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra in 1979. Maderna's Requiem, composed between 1944 and 1946, was rediscovered and performed in 2009; the American composer Virgil Thomson saw an unfinished version of the score in 1946 and praised it as a masterpiece.[10][11][12]

Bruno Maderna also produced scores for eight films and two documentaries. The last of these was for Giulio Questi's thriller La morte ha fatto l'uovo in 1968.[13]

RecordingsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Anon. 2011b.
  2. ^ Patmore n.d.
  3. ^ a b Mattietti 2006.
  4. ^ Oron 2001.
  5. ^ Anon. 2011a; De Benedictus n.d.
  6. ^ "Boulez – Rituel in memoriam Bruno Maderna for orchestra in 8 groups".
  7. ^ "Berio – Calmo for mezzo-soprano and 22 instruments".[dead link]
  8. ^ Anon. 2013.
  9. ^ Anon. 2011b
  10. ^ di Luzio, Claudia (2014). "Maderna's Requiem Recovered". Notes. Music Library Association. 70 (3).
  11. ^ Clements, Dominy (November 2015). "Bruno Maderna (1920–1973) / Requiem (1946)". musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  12. ^ Clark, Philip (December 2015). "MADERNA Requiem". Gramophone. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  13. ^ Anon. n.d.

ReferencesEdit

  • Anon. 2011a. Bruno Maderna. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  • Anon. 2011b. Bruno Maderna. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of 20th Century Classical Musicians (1997). bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 2016-01-08. Compositeur et chef d'orchestre italien né le 21 avril 1920 à Venise, mort le 13 novembre 1973 à Darmstadt, Allemagne
  • Anon. (2013). Centering. Earle Brown website. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  • Anon. n.d. (1968). "La morte ha fatto l'uovo" [Death Laid an Egg]. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
  • Clements, Dominy (November 2015). "Bruno Maderna (1920–1973) / Requiem (1946)". musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  • Dalmonte, Rossana (2001). Stanley Sadie; John Tyrrell (eds.). Maderna [Grossato], Bruno [Brunetto]. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (second ed.). London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Mattietti, Gianluigi (2006). Maderna, Bruno. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. 67. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
  • Oron, Aryeh (2001). Bruno Maderna (Conductor, Composer). Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  • Patmore, David. Bruno Maderna. Naxos Records. Retrieved 2016-01-10.

Further readingEdit

  • Baroni, Mario (2003). "The Macroform in Post-tonal Music: Listening and Analysis". Musicæ Scientiæ: The Journal of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music (Fall ed.). 7 (2): 219–40.
  • Baroni, Mario; Dalmonte, Rossana, eds. (2015). Pour Bruno. Memorie e ricerche su Bruno Maderna. Lucca: Libreria Musicale Italiana.
  • Clark, Philip (2011). Thoroughly Modern Maderna (January ed.). Gramophone. pp. 44–45.
  • Baroni, Mario; Dalmonte, Rossana, eds. (1985). Bruno Maderna, Documenti. Milan: Edizioni Suvini Zerboni.
  • Baroni, Mario; Dalmonte, Rossana, eds. (1989). Studi su Bruno Maderna. Milan: Edizioni Suvini Zerboni.
  • Dalmonte, Rossana; Russo, Marco, eds. (2004). Bruno Maderna. Studi e Testimonianze. Lucca: LIM.
  • De Benedictis, Angela Ida. Biography: Bruno Maderna. Translated by Mark Weir. Centro Studi Luciano Berio. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  • Drees, Stefan (2000). László Dobszay (ed.). "Renaissance-Musik als Inspirationsquelle für das Komponieren Bruno Madernas und Luigi Nonos". The Past in the Present. Budapest & Visegrád: IMS Intercongressional Symposium and the 10th Meeting of the Cantus Planus. 1: 545–558. ISBN 963-7181-34-2. Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti Egyetem
  • Fabbi, Roberto (2002). "Cena sociale. Satyricon e il 'politico". Musica/Realtà. 67.
  • Fearn, Raymond (1990). Bruno Maderna. Harwood Academic Publishers.
  • Fearn, Raymond (2000). László Dobszay (ed.). "Luft von anderem Planeten...': The presence of the Epitaph of Seikilos in Bruno Maderna's Composizione no. 2 (1950)". The Past in the Present. Budapest & Visegrád: IMS Intercongressional Symposium and the 10th Meeting of the Cantus Planus. 1: 559–568. ISBN 963-7181-34-2. Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti Egyetem
  • Feneyrou, Laurent; Mathon, Geneviève; Ferrari, Giordano, eds. (2007). À Bruno Maderna. Paris: Éditions de Basalte.
  • Ferrari, Giordano (2000). Les débuts du théatre musical d'avant-garde en Italie. Berio, Evangelisti, Maderna. Paris: L'Harmattan.
  • Gagné, Nicole V. (2012). Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music. Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6765-9. ISBN 978-0-8108-7962-1 (ebook)
  • Ircam-Centre Pompidou (2011-03-11). Bruno Maderna. Resources.ircam. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  • di Luzio, Claudia (2004). Peter Csobádi; Gernot Gruber; Jürgen Kühnel (eds.). "Traumnahe Welten—weltnahe Träume: Zum Verhältnis von Traum und Wirklichkeit im Musiktheater von Luciano Berio und Bruno Maderna". Traum und Wirklichkeit in Theater und Musiktheater: Vorträge und Gespräche des Salzburger Symposions. Salzburg: Mueller-Speiser. 62: 342–356. Wort und Musik: Salzburger akademische Beiträge. ISBN 3-85145-099-X.
  • Mathon, Geneviève (2003). Laurent Feneyrou (ed.). "À propos du Satyricon de Bruno Moderna". Musique et Dramaturgie: Esthétique de la Représentation Au XXème Siècle. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne. Esthétique 7: 571–93. ISBN 2-85944-472-6.
  • Mila, Massimo (1999). Einaudi (ed.). Maderna musicista europeo. nuova serie 17. Turin: Piccola biblioteca Einaudi. ISBN 88-06-15059-6.
  • Neidhofer, Christoph (2005). 'Blues' through the Serial Lens: Transformational Process in a Fragment by Bruno Maderna. Mitteilungen der Paul Sacher Stiftung. 18 (March ed.). pp. 14–20.
  • Neidhofer, Christoph (2005). Bruno Madernas flexibler Materialbegriff: Eine Analyse des Divertimento in due tempi (1953). Musik & Ästhetik. 9 (January ed.). pp. 30–47.
  • Neidhofer, Christoph (2007). "Bruno Maderna's Serial Arrays". Music Theory Online (March ed.). 13 (1). doi:10.30535/mto.13.1.2.
  • Palazzetti, Nicolò (2015). Italian Harmony during the Second World War. Analysis of Bruno Maderna's First String Quartet. Rivista di Analisi e Teoria Musicale. 21. pp. 63–91.
  • van de Poel, Piet Hein (2003). Laurent Feneyrou (ed.). "Bruno Maderna sur le Satyricon: Pop art en musique". Musique et Dramaturgie: Esthétique de la Représentation Au XXème Siècle. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne: 599–601.
  • Service, Tom (2013-11-13). "Remembering Bruno Maderna". The Guardian.
  • Sitsky, Larry, ed. (2002). Music of the Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde: A Biographical Sourcebook. Westport Connecticut and London: Greenwood Press.
  • Suvini-Hand, Vivienne (2006). Bruno Maderna's Ausstrahlung Sweet Thunder: Music and Libretti in 1960s Italy. Legenda Italian Perspectives. 16. London: Modern Humanities Research Association and Maney Publishing. pp. 151–78. ISBN 1-904350-60-7.
  • Verzina, Nicola (2003). Bruno Maderna: Etude historique et critique. Paris: L'Harmattan. ISBN 2-7475-4409-5.
  • Zender, Hans; Roland Diry; Suzanne Laurentius (2007). Neue Musik erwartet Selbstandigkeit. Ensemble Modern Newsletter. no. 24 (January ed.). p. [page needed].

External linksEdit