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Binaca Geetmala was a weekly countdown show of top filmi songs from Hindi cinema. It was popular and had millions of listeners. Binaca Geetmala was broadcast on Radio Ceylon from 1952 to 1988 and then shifted to the Vividh Bharati Service of All India Radio network in 1989 where it ran until 1994. It was the first radio countdown show of Indian film songs,[1] and has been quoted as being the most popular radio program in India during its run.[2] Its name reflects its sponsorship by Binaca.[3][4]Binaca Geetmala, and its subsequent incarnations named after CibacaCibaca Sangeetmala, Cibaca Geetmala, and Colgate Cibaca Sangeetmala—ran from 1954 to 1994 on Radio Ceylon and then on Vividh Bharati. They also broadcast annual year-end lists from 1954 to 1993.

Ameen Sayani and Radio CeylonEdit

The show was hosted throughout its entire run by Ameen Sayani. It was very popular in India, with estimated listenership ranging from 900,000 to 2,000,000.[citation needed] It greatly increased the popularity of Radio Ceylon, making it the primary source of popular film music on radio for the Indian subcontinent.[5] After 1998, the show aired on Vividh Bharati and was on for half an hour on Monday nights.[citation needed]

Popularity ratings methodEdit

At its onset in 1952, the program did not rank songs, but rather played seven contemporary songs in no particular order. Later, the program started ranking the most popular Hindi film songs. The songs were initially ranked by a combination of the number of records sold in India and listener votes.[6] Popularity was gauged by record sales, verdicts from record store owners, and popularity among the shrota-sanghs or 'listeners clubs'. Each week, the shrota-sanghs would send the radio station their list of popular songs. The clubs were formed because it was possible for a record to be sold out at stores and although there was interest to buy more, the interest would not show up in record sales.

The year-end lists were compiled based on points earned by songs through the year. Between 1966 and 1970 there would sometimes be no points on the weekly broadcast, but the year-end show would be based on point system.[7]

Lists of top songs per yearEdit

Year Song Film Music Director Lyricist Singer(s)
1953 Ye Zindagi Usi ki Hai Anarkali (film) C. Ramachandra Rajinder Krishan Lata Mangeshkar
1954 Jayen To Jayen Kahan Taxi Driver S.D. Burman Sahir Ludhianvi Talat Mahmood[8]
1955 Mera Joota Hai Japani Shri 420 Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra Mukesh
1956 Ae Dil Hai Mushkil Jeena Yaha C.I.D. O. P. Nayyar Majrooh Sultanpuri Mohammed Rafi, Geeta Dutt
1957 Zara Saamne Toh Aao Chhaliye Janam Janam Ke Phere S. N. Tripathi Bharat Vyas Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1958 Hai Apna Dil Toh Awara Solva Saal S. D. Burman Majrooh Sultanpuri Hemant Kumar
1959 Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi S. D. Burman Majrooh Sultanpuri Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
1960 Zindagi Bhar Nai Bhoolegi Wo Barsaat Ki Raat Barsaat Ki Raat Roshan Sahir Ludhianvi Mohammed Rafi [9]
1961 Teri Pyaari Pyaari Surat Ko Sasural Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohammed Rafi
1962 Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh Par Junglee Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohammed Rafi [10]
1963 Jo Wada Kiya Woh Nibhana Taj Mahal Roshan Sahir Ludhianvi Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar
1964 Mere Man ki Ganga aur tere man ki Jamuna ka Sangam Shankar Jaikishan Shailendra Mukesh, Vyjayanthimala
1965 Jis dil mein basa tha pyaar tera Saheli Kalyanji Anandji Indeevar Mukesh[11]
1966 Baharon phool barsao mera mehboob aaya hai Suraj Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Mohammed Rafi
1967 Saawan ka mahina pawan kare sor Milan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar
1968 Dil wil pyar vyar main kya jaanu re Shagird Laxmikant-Pyarelal Majrooh Sultanpuri Lata Mangeshkar
1969 Kaise rahoon chup ki meine pee hi kya hai Inteqam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Rajendra Krishna Lata Mangeshkar
1970 Bindiya chamkegi choodi khankegi Do Raaste Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar
1971 Zindagi ek safar hai suhana Andaz Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle
1972 Dum Maro Dum Hare Raama Hare Krishna R. D. Burman Anand Bakshi Asha Bhosle, Usha Iyer
1973 Yaari hai imaan mera yaar meri zindagi Zanjeer Kalyanji Anandji Gulshan Bawra Manna Dey
1974 Mera jeewan koraa kaagaz koraa hi rah gaya Kora Kagaz Kalyanji Anandji M. G. Hashmat Kishore Kumar
1975 Baaki kuchh bacha to mahangaai maar gayee Roti Kapada Aur Makaan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Varma Malik Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, Jaani Babu Qawwal, Narendra
1976 Kabhi kabhi mere dil mein khayaal aataa hai Kabhi Kabhi Khayyam Sahir Ludhianvi Mukesh [12]
1977 Husn haazir hai mohabbat ki sazaa paane ko Lailaa Majnu Madan Mohan Sahir Ludhianvi Lata Mangeshkar
1978 Ankhiyon ke jharokhon se, mainen dekha jo Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se Ravindra Jain Ravindra Jain Hemlata
1979 O Saathi Re Muqaddar Ka Sikandar Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan Kishore Kumar
1980 Dafli Wale Dafli Baja Sargam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi
1981 Mere Angane Mein Laawaris Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan Amitabh Bachchan, Alka Yagnik
1982 Angrezi Mein Kehte Hain Khuddar Rajesh Roshan Majrooh Sultanpuri Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar
1983 Shayad Meri Shaadi Souten Usha Khanna Saawan Kumar Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar
1984 Tu Mera Hero Hai Hero Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Anuradha Paudwal, Manhar Udhas
1985 Sun Sahiba Sun Ram Teri Ganga Maili Ravindra Jain Ravindra Jain Lata Mangeshkar
1986 Yashoda Ka Nandlala Sanjog Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anjaan Lata Mangeshkar
1987 Chitthi Aayi Hai Naam Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Pankaj Udhas
1988 Papa Kehte Hain Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak Anand-Milind Majrooh Sultanpuri Udit Narayan
1989 My Name Is Lakhan Ram Lakhan Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Mohammed Aziz
1990 Gori Hai Kalaiyaan Aaj Ka Arjun Bappi Lahiri Anjaan Lata Mangeshkar, Shabbir Kumar
1991 Dekha Hai Pehli Baar Saajan Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Alka Yagnik, S P Balasubramaniam
1992 Maine Pyar Tumhi Se Phool Aur Kaante Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal
1993 Choli Ke Peechhe Khalnayak Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi Alka Yagnik, Ila Arun

Silver jubilee and LP recordEdit

On 12 December 1977, Binaca Geetmala celebrated its 25-year anniversary in a social gathering organized in Bombay. Many well known composers, poets, and singers attended the show.[citation needed]

The top songs from 1953 to 1977 were compiled and released in a two record volume set. Volume 1 has songs from 1953 to 1964; volume 2 has songs from 1965 to 1977. Between the songs on the volume set, there is commentary by Ameen Sayani.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Back on air with Geetmala. Bella Jaisinghani. The Financial Express (India), Sunday, 11 March 2001. Transcript available online at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), accessed online on 29 July 2006
  2. ^ "Comeback for radio countdown show". The Music Magazine. October 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2006.
  3. ^ Mitra, Ananda (1993). Television and popular culture in India: a study of the Mahabharat. Sage Publications. p. 83. ISBN 0803991347.
  4. ^ "It's all in the name". The Hindu. 8 September 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  5. ^ Sambandan, V.S. (1 January 2006). "When Ceylon ruled the airwaves". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2006.
  6. ^ "Radio speak with Ameen Sayani". exchange4media.com Radio Channel. Retrieved 29 July 2006.
  7. ^ Reliving the Geetmala lore. S.K. Screen, Friday, 22 September 2000, transcript available online at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 September 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), accessed online on 29 July 2006
  8. ^ "Binaca Geetmala Annual List for Year 1954 - Lyrics and Video of Hindi Film Songs". HindiGeetMala.
  9. ^ "Binaca Geetmala Annual List for Year 1960 - Lyrics and Video of Hindi Film Songs". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Binaca Geetmala Annual List for Year 1962 - Lyrics and Video of Hindi Film Songs". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Binaca Geetmala Annual List for Year 1965 - Lyrics and Video of Hindi Film Songs". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Binaca Geetmala Annual List for Year 1976 - Lyrics and Video of Hindi Film Songs". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 3 March 2019.

8 Binaca Geetmala 1964 Songs List