Bessie Love (born Juanita Horton; September 10, 1898 – April 26, 1986) was an American motion picture actress who achieved prominence playing innocent young girls and wholesome leading ladies in silent films and early talkies. Her acting career spanned eight decades, and her performance in The Broadway Melody (1929) earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Bessie Love circa 1918
September 10, 1898
|Died||April 26, 1986 (aged 87)|
|Height||5 ft 0 in (1.52 m)|
|Weight||100 lb (45 kg)|
(m. 1929; div. 1936)
|Children||Patricia (b. 1932)|
Bessie Love was born in Midland, Texas. She attended school in Midland until she was in the eighth grade, when her chiropractor father moved his family to Arizona, New Mexico, and then to Hollywood.
The silent eraEdit
On actor Tom Mix's recommendation that she "get into pictures", Love's mother sent her to Biograph Studios, where she met pioneering film director D. W. Griffith. Griffith, who introduced Bessie Love to films, also gave the actress her screen name. He gave her a small role in his film Intolerance (1916). Love dropped out of Los Angeles High School to pursue her film career, although she completed her diploma many years later.
Her "first role of importance" was in The Flying Torpedo. She later appeared opposite William S. Hart in The Aryan and with Douglas Fairbanks in The Good Bad Man, Reggie Mixes In, and The Mystery of the Leaping Fish (all 1916). In her early career, she was often compared to Mary Pickford, and was even called "Our Mary" by Griffith.
Love took an active role in the management of her career, upgrading her representation to Gerald C. Duffy, the former editor of Picture-Play Magazine, and publicizing herself by playing the ukulele and dancing for members of the military. Even glowing reviews of her films criticized the venues in which they were shown, citing this as a reason she was not a more awarded actress.
Because of her performance in The King on Main Street (1925), Love is credited with being the first person to dance the Charleston on film, popularizing it in the United States. Her technique was documented in instructional guides, including a series of photographs by Edward Steichen. She subsequently performed the dance the following year in The Song and Dance Man.
In 1925, she starred in The Lost World, a science fiction adventure based on the novel of the same name by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Three years later, she starred in The Matinee Idol, a romantic comedy directed by a young Frank Capra. Despite these successes, Love's career was on the decline. She lived frugally so that she could afford lessons in singing and dancing.
The sound era and stage workEdit
Love toured with a musical revue for sixteen weeks. The experience she gained on the vaudeville stage singing and dancing in three performances a day prepared her for the introduction of sound films. She was signed to MGM in 1928.
In 1929, she appeared in her first feature-length "talkie", the musical The Broadway Melody. Her performance earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress, and the success of the film resulted in a 5-year contract with MGM and an increase in her weekly salary from $500 to $3,000 ($43,773 in today's money)—$1,000 more than her male co-star Charles King. She appeared in several other early musicals, including The Hollywood Revue of 1929 (1929), Chasing Rainbows (1930), Good News (1930), and They Learned About Women (1930).
However, by 1932, her American film career was once again in decline. She moved to England in 1935 and did stage work and occasional films there. Love briefly returned to the United States in 1936 to seek a divorce.
During World War II in Britain, when Love found acting work hard to come by, she was the "continuity girl" on the film drama San Demetrio London (1943), an account of a ship badly damaged in the Atlantic but whose crew managed to bring her to port. She also worked for the American Red Cross.
After the war, she resumed work on the stage and played small roles in films, often as an American tourist. Stage work included such productions as Love in Idleness (1944) and Born Yesterday (1947). She wrote and performed in The Homecoming, a semiautobiographical play, which opened in Perth, Scotland in 1958. Film work included The Barefoot Contessa (1954) with Humphrey Bogart, Ealing Studios' Nowhere to Go (1958), and The Greengage Summer (1961) starring Kenneth More. She also played small roles in the James Bond thriller On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969) and in Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971). In addition to playing the mother of Vanessa Redgrave's titular character in Isadora (1968), Love also served as dialect coach to the actress.
Love appeared in John Osborne's play West of Suez, and as "Aunt Pittypat" in a large-scale musical version of Gone with the Wind (1972). She also played Maud Cunard in the TV miniseries Edward & Mrs. Simpson in 1978. Her film work continued in the 1980s with roles in Ragtime (1981), Reds (1981), Lady Chatterley's Lover (1981), and—her final film—The Hunger (1983).
Love married agent William Hawks (January 29, 1901, Neenah, Wisconsin – January 10, 1969, Santa Monica, California) at St. James' Episcopal Church in South Pasadena, California on December 27, 1929. Mary Astor (William's sister-in-law), Carmel Myers, and Norma Shearer were among her bridesmaids; William's brother Howard Hawks and Irving Thalberg ushered. They then lived at the Havenhurst Apartments in Hollywood. They had a daughter, Patricia Hawks (February 19, 1932, Los Angeles, California), who had some bit parts in movies in 1952. They divorced in 1936.
Love was periodically interviewed by film historians, and wrote a series of articles about her experiences for The Christian Science Monitor. In 1977, Love published an autobiography based on these articles, entitled From Hollywood with Love.
She was interviewed in the television documentary series Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film (1980).
On screen and stageEdit
Silent films: 1915–28Edit
|Year||Title||Role||Studio(s) / Distributor(s)||Preservation status||Notes|
|1916||Acquitted||Helen Carter||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|The Flying Torpedo||Hulda||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|The Aryan||Mary Jane Garth||Triangle||extant|
|The Good Bad Man||Amy||Fine Arts / Triangle||extant|
|Reggie Mixes In||Agnes||Fine Arts / Triangle||extant|
|The Mystery of the Leaping Fish||The Little Fish Blower||Triangle||extant|
|Stranded||The Girl||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|Hell-to-Pay Austin||Briar Rose Dawson||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|A Sister of Six||Prudence||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|The Heiress at Coffee Dan's||Waffles||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|1917||Nina, the Flower Girl||Nina||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|A Daughter of the Poor||Rose Eastman||Fine Arts / Triangle||incomplete|
|Cheerful Givers||Judy||Fine Arts / Triangle||lost|
|The Sawdust Ring||Janet Magie||New York Motion Picture Corporation / Triangle||extant|
|Wee Lady Betty||Wee Lady Betty||Triangle||lost|
|Polly Ann||Polly Ann||Triangle||lost|
|1918||The Great Adventure||Rags||Pathé Exchange||extant|
|How Could You, Caroline?||Caroline Rogers||Pathé Exchange||lost|
|A Little Sister of Everybody||Celeste Janvier||Anderson-Brunton / Pathé Exchange||lost|
|The Dawn of Understanding||Sue Prescott||Vitagraph||lost|
|1919||The Enchanted Barn||Shirley Hollister||Vitagraph||lost|
|Carolyn of the Corners||Carolyn May Cameron||Pathé Exchange||lost|
|The Wishing Ring Man||Joy Havenith||Vitagraph||lost|
|A Yankee Princess||Patsy O'Reilly||Vitagraph||lost|
|The Little Boss||Peggy Winston, the little boss||Vitagraph||lost|
|Cupid Forecloses||Geraldine Farleigh||Vitagraph||lost|
|Over the Garden Wall||Peggy Gordon||Vitagraph||lost|
|A Fighting Colleen||Alannah Malone||Vitagraph||lost|
|1920||The Midlanders||Aurelie Lindstrom||Federated Film Exchanges||incomplete|
|Bonnie May||Bonnie May||Federated Film Exchanges||lost|
|1921||Penny of Top Hill Trail||Penny||Andrew J. Callaghan Productions / Federated Film Exchanges||lost|
|The Honor of Rameriz||the Geologist's Wife||Pathé Exchange||unknown||short / series: Santschi Series|
|The Spirit of the Lake||Pathé Exchange||unknown|
|The Sea Lion||Blossom Nelson||Associated Producers||extant|
|1922||The Vermilion Pencil||Hyacinth||Robertson–Cole||lost|
|Forget Me Not||Ann, the girl||Metro Pictures||lost|
|Bulldog Courage||Gloria Phillips||Russell Productions / State Rights||extant|
|The Village Blacksmith||Rosemary Martin, the daughter||Fox Film||incomplete|
|Night Life in Hollywood||Herself||A.B. Maescher Productions / Arrow Film Corporation||unknown|
|Deserted at the Altar||Anna Moore, the country girl||Phil Goldstone||unknown|
|1923||The Little Knight||Bernice||Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor||extant||short / series: The Strange Adventures of Prince Courageous|
|The Love Charm||Bernice||Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor||unknown|
|The Crown of Courage||Bernice||Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor||unknown|
|Three Who Paid||John Caspar / Virginia Cartwright||Fox Film||lost|
|The Ghost Patrol||Effie Kugler||Universal Pictures||lost|
|The Purple Dawn||Mui Far||Aywon / State Rights||lost|
|Mary of the Movies||Herself||Columbia / Robertson–Cole / Film Booking Offices||incomplete|
|Human Wreckage||Mary Finnegan||Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Film Booking Offices||lost|
|The Eternal Three||Hilda Gray||Goldwyn Pictures||lost|
|St. Elmo||Edna Earle||Fox Film||lost|
|Slave of Desire||Pauline Gaudin||Goldwyn Pictures||extant|
|Gentle Julia||Julia||Fox Film||lost|
|1924||Torment||Marie||Tourneur / Associated First National||lost|
|The Woman on the Jury||Grace Pierce||Associated First National||lost|
|Those Who Dance||Veda Carney||Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Associated First National||lost|
|The Silent Watcher||Mary Roberts||First National Pictures||lost|
|Dynamite Smith||Violet||Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Pathé Exchange||lost|
|Sundown||Ellen Crawley||First National Pictures||lost|
|Tongues of Flame||Lahleet||Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures||lost|
|1925||The Lost World||Paula White||First National Pictures||extant|
|Soul-Fire||Teita||Inspiration Pictures / First National Pictures||extant|
|A Son of His Father||Nora Shea||Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures||extant|
|New Brooms||Geraldine Marsh||Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures||lost|
|The King on Main Street||Gladys Humphreys||Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures||extant|
|1926||The Song and Dance Man||Leola Lane||Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures||incomplete|
|Lovey Mary||Lovey Mary||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer||incomplete|
|Meet the Prince||Metropolitan Pictures Corporation / Producers Distributing Corporation||lost||Love's inclusion in the cast list may be in error|
|Young April||Victoria||Producers Distributing Corporation||extant|
|Going Crooked||Marie Farley||Fox Film||extant|
|1927||The American||Jane Wilton||Natural Vision Pictures||lost||never released theatrically|
|Rubber Tires||Mary Ellen Stack||Producers Distributing Corporation||extant|
|A Harp in Hock||Nora Banks||DeMille Pictures / Pathé Exchange||lost|
|Dress Parade||Janet Cleghorne||Pathé Exchange||extant|
|1928||The Matinee Idol||Ginger Bolivar||Columbia Pictures||extant|
|Sally of the Scandals||Sally Rand||Film Booking Offices||extant|
|Anybody Here Seen Kelly?||Mitzi Lavelle||Universal Pictures||lost|
Sound films: 1928–83Edit
All of Love's sound films are extant.
|Year||Title||Role||Studio(s) / Distributor(s)||Notes|
|1928||The Swell Head||Warner Vitaphone||short|
|1929||The Broadway Melody||Hank Mahoney||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer||Academy Award nomination|
|The Idle Rich||Helen Thayer||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|The Hollywood Revue of 1929||Herself||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|The Girl in the Show||Hattie Hartley||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|1930||Chasing Rainbows||Carlie Seymour||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|They Learned About Women||Mary Collins||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|Conspiracy||Margaret Holt||RKO Pictures|
|Good News||Dixie O'Day||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer||missing Technicolor ending|
|See America Thirst||Ellen||Universal Pictures|
|1931||Morals for Women||Helen Huston||Tiffany Pictures|
|1936||I Live Again||Kathleen Vernon||G.B. Morgan Productions / National Provincial Film Distributors|
|1941||Atlantic Ferry||Begonia Baggot||Warner Brothers|
|1945||London Scrapbook||Herself||Spectator Short Films|
|Journey Together||Mrs. Mary McWilliams||RKO Pictures|
|1951||No Highway in the Sky||Aircraft passenger||Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.||uncredited|
|The Magic Box||Wedding group member||British Lion Films|
|1954||The Weak and the Wicked||Prisoner|
|The Barefoot Contessa||Mrs. Eubanks||Figaro / United Artists|
|1955||Touch and Go||Mrs. Baxter||Ealing Studios / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors / Universal Pictures|
|1957||The Story of Esther Costello||Matron in art gallery||Romulus Films / Columbia Pictures|
|1958||Next to No Time||Becky Wiener||Montpelier / British Lion Film Corporation|
|Nowhere to Go||Harriet P. Jefferson||Ealing Studios / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|1960||Too Young to Love||Mrs. Busch||Welbeck Films Ltd. / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors|
|1961||The Greengage Summer||American tourist||PKL Productions / Victor Saville-Edward Small Productions / Columbia Pictures|
|The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone||Bunny||Warner Bros. / Seven Arts / Warner-Pathé Distributors / Warner Bros. Pictures|
|1963||The Wild Affair||Marjorie's mother||Bryanston Films / British Lion Films|
|Children of the Damned||Mrs. Robbins, Mark's grandmother||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|1964||I Think They Call Him John||Narrator||Samaritan Films|
|1965||Promise Her Anything||Pet shop customer||Seven Arts Productions / Paramount Pictures|
|1967||Battle Beneath the Earth||Matron||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|I'll Never Forget What's'isname||American tourist||J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors|
|1968||Isadora||Mrs. Duncan||Universal Pictures|
|1969||On Her Majesty's Secret Service||Baccarat player||Eon-Danilag Productions||uncredited|
|1971||Sunday Bloody Sunday||Answering service lady||Vectia / United Artists|
|1974||Vampyres||American lady||Cambist Films / Cinépix Film Properties Inc.|
|1976||The Ritz||Maurine||Warner Bros.|
|1977||Gulliver's Travels||Arrow Films / Sunn Classic Pictures|
|1981||Reds||Mrs. Partlow||Barclays Mercantile / Industrial Finance / JRS Productions / Paramount Pictures|
|Ragtime||Old T.O.C. lady||Paramount Pictures|
|Lady Chatterley's Lover||Flora||Cannon Films / Columbia Pictures|
|1983||The Hunger||Lillybelle||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer / MGM/UA Entertainment Co|
|Year||Title||Role||Venue / Location||Notes|
|Merry Ann Idea||touring production||a one-woman, Fanchon and Marco stage revue|
|1936||Lucky Stars||touring production|
|1944||Love in Idleness||Miss Dell||
||replaced Peggy Dear|
|1945||Zenobia||The Actress||Granville Theatre, Walham Green|
|Say It With Flowers||Julie||Granville Theatre, Walham Green|
|1947||Born Yesterday||Mrs. Hedges||Garrick Theatre, London|
|1948||Native Son||Miss Emmet||Bolton's Theatre Club, London|
|1949||Death of a Salesman||Laughing Woman||Phoenix Theatre, London|
|The Male Animal||Myrtle Keller||New Wimbledon Theatre, London|
|1951||The Glass Menagerie||Amanda Wingfield||touring production|
|1954||The Wooden Dish||Bessie Bockser||Phoenix Theatre, London|
|1955||The Children's Hour||Mrs. Lily Mortar||Arts Theatre, London|
|South||Mrs. Priolieau||Arts Theatre, London|
|A Girl Called Jo||Mrs. Kirke||Piccadilly Theatre, London|
|1956||Someone to Talk To||Miss Froslyn||Duchess Theatre, London|
|1958||The Homecoming||Babe||Perth Theatre, Perth, Scotland||written by Love|
|1959||Orpheus Descending||The Nurse||Royal Court Theatre, London|
|1960||Visit to a Small Planet||Reba Spelding||Westminster Theatre, London|
|1961||South||Mrs. Priolieau||Criterion Theatre, London|
|1962||Gentlemen Prefer Blondes||Mrs. Ella Spofford|
|1963||Never Too Late||Grace Kimborough||Prince of Wales Theatre, London|
|1964||Saint Joan of the Stockyards||A Worker||Queen's Theatre, London|
|In White America||The White Woman||Arts Theatre, London|
|1966||The Silence of Lee Harvey Oswald||Marguerite Oswald||Hampstead Theatre Club, London|
|1968||Sweet Bird of Youth||Aunt Nonnie||Palace Theatre, Watford|
|1971||West of Suez||Mrs Dekker||Royal Court Theatre, London|
|1972||Gone with the Wind||Aunt Pittypat||Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London|
|1979||The Woman I Love||Aunt Bessie Merryman||Devonshire Park Theatre, Eastbourne|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2019)
|1963||This Is Your Life||Herself||Reality documentary|
|1966||The Poppy Is Also a Flower||Television film; uncredited|
|1974||Mousey||Mrs. Richardson||Television film|
|1978||Edward & Mrs. Simpson||Maud Cunard||Miniseries|
|1980||Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film||Herself||Documentary series|
- Stars of the Photoplay. Chicago: Photoplay magazine. 1924.
- Folkart, Burt A. (April 29, 1986). "Bessie Love, Silent Screen Actress Discovered in 1915, Dies at 87". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Kidd, Charles (1986). "Howard Hawks and Mary Astor". Debrett Goes to Hollywood. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0312005887.
- "Obituary". Variety. April 30, 1986.
- "The 2nd Academy Awards | 1930". Oscars.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
- Love 1977, p. 25
- "Little Whisperings from Everywhere in Playerdom". Motion Picture Magazine. 18 (8): 104. September 1919.
- "Bessie Love's Popularity Growing". The Moving Picture World: 1233. March 1, 1919.
- Side 1980, p. 84
- Side 1980, pp. 12–13
- "Cinema Truth in Flashes". Photo-Play Journal: 46. February 1919.
- "Hobnobbing with Bessie Love". Photo-Play Journal: 11, 56. February 1919.
- Essex, Bert D. (April 1919). "The Silent Trend". Photo-Play Journal: 36.
- Gebhart, Myrtle (March 11, 1922). "Pantomime Paragraphs from Hollywood". Pantomime. 2 (10): 24.
- In The King on Main Street:
- "Crimson Playgoer: The Metropolitan Opens its Doors to an Unlimited Public and a Very Fair Opening Attraction". The Harvard Crimson. October 21, 1925.
Bessie Love too, who does a very jazzy version of the Charleston
- "The King on Main Street". Theatre Magazine. January 1926.
…it is memorable … for the fact that Bessie Love gives a perfect exhibition of the Charleston, proving that it can be danced with extreme grace and agility, and yet without a single hint of wriggling vulgarity. We hereby award Miss Love the palm as the greatest Charleston expert on the screen if not on the stage – which is by way of being a miracle, for ordinarily a film dance looks as silly as the capering of goats.
- "Crimson Playgoer: The Metropolitan Opens its Doors to an Unlimited Public and a Very Fair Opening Attraction". The Harvard Crimson. October 21, 1925.
- "Everybody's Doing It Now; Bessie Love Shows You How". Photoplay: 32–3. October 1925.
- Feeney, Mark (July 19, 2009). "Steichen: A man for all styles – Exhibits showcase breadth of his career". The Boston Globe.
- In The Song and Dance Man:
- "Newspaper Opinions". The Film Daily. 35 (30): 8. February 5, 1926.
The picture is well worth viewing, however, if for no other reason than to watch Bessie Love dance the Charleston.
- "Stage and Screen". The Cornell Daily Sun. XLVI (134): 4. March 25, 1926.
Bessie Love is well cast as the girl – she surely can do the Charleston.
- "George M. Cohan's 'Song and Dance Man' Comes to State". Reading Times. Reading, Pennsylvania. March 22, 1926. p. 8.
Bessie Love, the diminutive film favorite and the screen's foremost exponent of the 'Charleston,' is happily cast as the small time performer who eventually wins fame and for tune in the musical comedy field.
- "Lincoln Way Theatre". The Gettysburg Times. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. August 31, 1926. p. 6.
See Bessie Love, the screen's Charleston champ, strut her stuff!
- "Newspaper Opinions". The Film Daily. 35 (30): 8. February 5, 1926.
- Winchell, Walter (December 1929). "Snappy Comebacks". The New Movie Magazine. pp. 28, 124.
- Gebhart, Myrtle (October 1929). "Must a Star 'Go Hollywood'?". Picture Play. 31 (2). p. 116.
- "Judith Chalmers talks to American-born actress Bessie Love". Good Afternoon. London: Thames TV. October 17, 1977.
- Kingsley, Grace (September 12, 1928). "Star Remains with Vitaphone". Los Angeles Times. p. A10.
- Walker, Alexander (1978). The Shattered Silents: How the Talkies Came to Stay. London: Elm Tree Books. p. 139.
- "Bessie Love Back". Titusville Herald. 72 (90). Titusville, Pennsylvania. September 28, 1936. p. 1.
- "Bessie Love". AllMovie Guide. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "In Short". Billboard. 58 (47): 36. November 23, 1946.
- Love 1977, p. 136
- "London Garrick Theatre – Born Yesterday – Laurence Olivier". Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- "'Born Yesterday' Hit in Glasgow Opening Before London Deb". Billboard. 58 (48): 4. November 30, 1946.
- "Silent Film Star a Playwright". Tri-City Herald. Pasco, Washington. April 21, 1958. p. 2.
- "Little Action in New Play". The Glasgow Herald. April 22, 1958. p. 3.
- Love 1977, p. 140
- Connolly, Mike (October 30, 1963). "In Hollywood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh. p. 6.
- Bessie Love's appearance on This Is Your Life
- Hollander, Zander (August 28, 1972). "Bessie Love—74 Years Young and Still Acting". The Dispatch. 91 (99). Lexington, NC. p. 21.
- Heilpern, John (April 28, 2006). "A sense of failure". The Guardian.
- Bryden, Ronald (May 21, 1972). "Scarlett Sings, Atlanta Burns". The New York Times.
- Love 1977, p. 125
- The twenty-one articles were published over eighteen years:
- Love 1977
- Brownlow, Kevin; Gill, David (1980). "The Man With The Megaphone". Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film. Episode 10. Thames Video Production. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved January 19, 2017
- Love 1977, p. 155
- "Bessie Love on Stage". New York Herald Tribune. February 20, 1928. p. 9.
- "Film House Reviews: Loew's State". Variety. May 16, 1928. p. 38.
- "Key City Reports: Seattle". Motion Picture News. August 18, 1928. p. 545.
- "Lucky Stars". Hippodrome Heritage.
- "American actress Bessie Love (1898-1986) standing in her London home". GettyImages. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- "Love in Idleness". Drama Online.
- Gaye 1967, pp. 893–4
- "Chit Chat". The Stage. London (3369): 4. October 25, 1945.
- Wearing 2014a, p. 283
- "Chit Chat". The Stage. London (3488): 4. February 19, 1948.
- Wearing 2014a, p. 454
- Wearing 2014a, p. 448
- Hopper, Hedda (March 17, 1949). "Looking at Hollywood". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- Brown, Ivor (August 1, 1954). "At the Theatre: Sherry Party". The Observer. p. 6.
- Wearing 2014b, p. 315
- Wearing 2014b, pp. 453–454
- Gaye 1967, p. 93
- Atkinson, Brooks (May 2, 1955). "Theatre: South Abroad: Green's Play of Civil War Seen in London". The New York Times.
- Wearing 2014b, p. 364
- Wearing 2014b, p. 404
- Wearing 2014b, p. 443
- Hope-Wallace, Philip (May 15, 1959). "Tennessee Williams play in familiar vein". The Manchester Guardian.
- "Week in the Theatre". The Stage and Television Today. London (4116): 17. March 3, 1960.
- Gaye 1967, p. 133
- Whittaker, Herbert (August 25, 1962). "When Is That Certain Age Just Too Old". The Globe and Mail.
- Gaye 1967, p. 164
- Marriott, R.B. (June 18, 1964). "Brecht Saint Dies a Revolutionary". The Stage and Television Today. London (4340): 13.
- Gaye 1967, p. 203
- Hope-Wallace, Philip (November 17, 1964). "Review: In White America". The Guardian.
- Parker, John (1912). Who's Who in the Theatre (15th ed.). p. 96. ISBN 978-0-273-31528-5.
- The Stage Year Book. Carson & Comerford Ltd. 1969.
- Osborne, John (April 18, 2013). John Osborne Plays 2: The Entertainer; The Hotel in Amsterdam; West of Suez; Time Present. Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571300846.
- McCall, Anthony (February 15, 1979). "Production Scene Livens Up". The Stage and Television Today. London (5105): 1.
- Love, Bessie (1977). From Hollywood with Love: An Autobiography of Bessie Love. London: Elm Tree Books. OCLC 734075937.
- Gaye, Freda, ed. (1967). Who's Who in the Theatre: A Biographical Record of the Contemporary Stage (14th ed.). New York, NY: Pitman Publishing Corporation. OCLC 1036920599.
- Side, Anthony (1980). The Kindergarten of the Movies: A History of the Fine Arts Company. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-1358-8.
- Wearing, J. P. (2014a). The London Stage 1940–1949: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8108-9306-1.
- Wearing, J. P. (2014b). The London Stage 1950–1959: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8108-9307-8.