Benigno Aquino Sr.

  (Redirected from Benigno S. Aquino)

Benigno Simeon "Igno" Aquino Sr.[1][2][3][4] (September 3, 1894 – December 20, 1947), also known as Benigno S. Aquino or Benigno S. Aquino Sr., was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state in the Philippines from 1943 to 1944.

Benigno S. Aquino Sr.
Benigno S. Aquino.jpg
6th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
1st Speaker of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
Appointed byHouse of Representatives
National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic
PresidentJosé P. Laurel
Preceded byJosé Yulo
Succeeded byJose Zulueta
Member of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic from Tarlac's at-large district
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
Serving with Sergio L. Aquino
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce of the Philippines
In office
PresidentManuel L. Quezon
Preceded byEulogio Rodriguez
Succeeded byRafael Alunan
Member of the National Assembly of the Philippines from Tarlac's 2nd district
In office
December 30, 1941 – December 30, 1944*
*Elected but did not serve term due to the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic
Preceded byJose Urquico
Succeeded byAlejandro Simpaoco
as member of the 1st Congress of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1935 – December 30, 1938
Preceded byFeliciano B. Gardiner
as member of the 10th Philippine Legislature
Succeeded byJose Urquico
Majority Leader of the Philippine Senate
In office
Senate PresidentManuel L. Quezon
Preceded byJosé P. Laurel
Succeeded byClaro M. Recto
Philippine Senator from the 3rd Senatorial District
In office
1928 – 1934
Served with:
Teodoro Sandiko (1928–1931)
Sotero Baluyot (1931–1934)
Preceded byLuis Morales
Succeeded byHermogenes Concepcion
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Tarlac's 2nd district
In office
Preceded byCayetano Rivera
Succeeded byJose G. Domingo
Vice President of the Philippines
In office
October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945
Preceded bySergio Osmeña
Succeeded byElpidio Quirino
Personal details
Benigno Simeon Aquino

(1894-09-03)September 3, 1894
Murcia (now Concepcion), Tarlac, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DiedDecember 20, 1947(1947-12-20) (aged 53)
Rizal Memorial Coliseum, Manila, Philippines
Cause of deathHeart attack
Political partyPartido Nacionalista Consolidato, KALIBAPI
Maria Urquico
(m. 1916; died 1928)
Aurora Aquino
(m. 1930; his death 1947)
RelationsAquino family
Children11 (incl. Benigno Jr., Butz and Tessie)
ParentsServillano Aquino
Alma materUniversity of Santo Tomas
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
OccupationFarmer, politician
ProfessionLawyer, civil servant

He was the Director-General of KALIBAPI, a political party established during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines.

His grandson Benigno S. Aquino III was the 15th President of the Philippines from 2010 to 2016.

Early lifeEdit

Benigno "Igno" Aquino was born in Murcia, now part of Concepcion, Tarlac, to Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, a general in the Philippine Revolution who later served as a member of the Malolos Congress, and Guadalupe Quiambao. He had two siblings: Gonzalo Aquino (born 1893) and Amando Aquino (born 1896), and a half-brother, Herminio Aquino (born 1949). He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila and later at the University of Santo Tomas, where he earned his law degree in 1913, and was admitted to the bar the following year.

Political careerEdit

Aquino was first elected to the Philippine Legislature (as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives) in 1919 representing the 2nd district of Tarlac. He was reelected to the same position in 1922 and 1925 before winning a Philippine Senate seat in 1928 representing the 3rd Senatorial District comprising the provinces of Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and his home-province of Tarlac. He became part of the Philippine Independence Mission in 1931, which negotiated the terms of obtaining Philippine independence from the United States. During the elections for the Commonwealth of the Philippines government in 1935 he ran again in his district in Tarlac and won. In 1937, he was appointed by Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon as Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce.

Speaker of the National AssemblyEdit

Being among the more prominent Commonwealth officials remaining in the country after the Commonwealth government went into exile in 1941, Aquino was among those recruited by the Japanese to form a government. He became the director-general of KALIBAPI and one of the two assistant chairmen of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. When the Second Philippine Republic was inaugurated, he was elected Speaker of the National Assembly.

Arrest and collaboration chargesEdit

Aquino (center) with Laurel (left) in 1945.

In December 1944, as the combined Filipino and American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, the government of the Second Philippine Republic, which included Aquino, was moved to Baguio. Subsequently, it was flown to Japan where, together with other officials, its members were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On August 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People's Court; a few weeks later he was released on bail.

Personal lifeEdit

First marriageEdit

In May 1916, he married Maria Urquico, the daughter of katipunero Antonio Urquico and Justa Valeriano. He had two sons and two daughters with Maria: Antonio Aquino (1917–1993), Servillano Aquino II (1919–1973), Milagros Aquino (1924–2001), and Erlinda Aquino.

Second marriageEdit

After Maria died in March 1928, he married Aurora Lampa Aquino (maiden name, granddaughter of Melencio Aquino and Evarista de los Santos and daughter of Agapito de los Santos Aquino and Gerarda Miranda Lampa) on December 6, 1930, with whom he had seven children—Maria Aurora (Maur), Benigno Simeon Jr. (Ninoy), Maria Gerarda (Ditas), Maria Guadalupe (Lupita), Agapito (Butz), Paul, and Maria Teresa (Tessie).[5]


On December 20, 1947, Aquino died of a heart attack at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum in Manila while watching a boxing match. His widow Aurora died in 1998.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Masterpieces in Philippine oratory, and lessons in public speaking (1938) Honorable BENIGNO S. AQUINO – Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
  2. ^ The Philippine Journal of Agriculture (1939) – Hon. BENIGNO S. AQUINO – Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
  3. ^ "I am the son of the late Benigno S. Aquino Sr, a former congressman, a senator, Cabinet member..." – Testament from a prison cell (1984) by Benigno S. Aquino Jr.
  4. ^ Speech delivered by the honorable speaker Benigno S. Aquino, Director-General of the KALIBAPI on constitution day September 7, 1944
  5. ^ "Views from the Pampang: The other Benigno".

External linksEdit