Benedita da Silva
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Benedita Souza da Silva Sampaio (Portuguese pronunciation: [beneˈdʒitɐ ˈsowzɐ da ˈsiwvɐ sɐ̃ˈpaju], born 26 April 1943) is a Brazilian politician. From a humble background, she faced class and racial prejudice, overcoming it to become the first female and Afro-Brazilian governor of the State of Rio de Janeiro and, later, Minister of the said Secretary of State as well in the Government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
Benedita da Silva
|Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro|
|Assumed office |
1 February 2011
1 February 1987 – 1 February 1995
|59th Governor of Rio de Janeiro|
6 April 2002 – 1 January 2003
|Preceded by||Anthony Garotinho|
|Succeeded by||Rosinha Garotinho|
|Vice Governor of Rio de Janeiro|
1 January 1999 – 5 April 2002
|Preceded by||Luiz Paulo Corrêa da Rocha|
|Succeeded by||Luiz Paulo Conde|
|Senator for Rio de Janeiro|
1 February 1995 – 15 December 1998
|Alderman of Rio de Janeiro|
1 January 1983 – 1 January 1987
|Born||26 April 1943|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Political party||Workers' Party|
According to Da Silva, her mother’s matriarchal tendencies[dubious ] have profoundly influenced her development. She grew up in the favela of Chapéu Mangueira in Copacabana. Da Silva was raped at the age of seven. She had several miscarriages and a baby that died soon after birth. At 16 she started working with the community school of the Chapéu Mangueira favela where she established a women's association and a women's branch of the Rio de Janeiro Federation of Favelas. She worked as a nursing aide and studied Social Studies. At the age of 40, Da Silva received her high-school diploma. She attended college at the same time as her 20-year-old daughter. During this period she also married a man named Manshino.
After Manshino's death, Da Silva became involved in community service, where she met her second husband Bola. Bola inspired her politically and coordinated her campaign, which resulted in Da Silva's historic election as the first Workers' Party governor in Rio. Five years later, Da Silva became a widow for the second time. She would later meet her new husband, the actor Pitanga, as she campaigned for as a senator candidate. These relationships and the dynamics of Brazilian life combined with her activism propelled Da Silva to political prominence and controversy.
She did so at a time when both women and black people were not visible in Brazil's political process. Neither the loss of two husbands nor the hostility of the Brazilian press deterred her politically.
Today, she is an advocate of women's rights both in Brazil and Latin America. Egalitarianism is her goal, not just for her constituents but to persons everywhere who are adversely affected by prejudice and poverty. According to Da Silva, "Racial democracy only exists in school books and official speeches; the elite in Brazil have promoted the myth of racial harmony to make people accept certain forms of discrimination and to deny the need for affirmative action." As a member of the African diaspora which came to the Americas as a result of the Maafa, and which stills suffer discrimination around the world based in the social relations constructed thereafter, Mrs Da Silva through her career is a figure who reinforces the benefits of full citizenship for racial minorities in Latin America.
- 1982 - Elected city councilor of Rio de Janeiro for the Worker's Party.
- 1986 - Elected to the National Congress; fought to make amendments to the Brazilian Constitution on racial crimes, 120 days maternity leave, prohibition of difference of wages, and right of the prison inmates to breast-feed their children.
- 1994 - Elected to the Senate, becoming the first female senator in Brazil.
- 1998 - Became Vice-Governor of the State of Rio de Janeiro on the Anthony Garotinho ticket.
- 2002 - With Governor Anthony Garotinho resigning to run for President, Da Silva assumes the Governorship of the State of Rio de Janeiro, becoming the first woman and the first black to occupy the office.
- 2003 - Leaving the State government, Silva takes the post of Social Action Secretary, where she remains until January 2004.
- 2006 - Assumed the general coordination of the campaign of re-election of current president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Some periodicals speculated that, she would run for mayor of the City of Rio de Janeiro in 2008. It didn't happen.
Benedita da Silva’s journey to political leadership alone is enough to make a statement regarding her character and determination. Da Silva’s biography, "Benedita da Silva: An Afro-Brazilian woman's story of politics and love", tells, through a collection of interviews, of her hardships and successes while conveying her message to members of her audience. Through the novel, da Silva is able to impact its readers while also bringing to light the many issues that a prominent in Brazil, particularly in the Brazilian Favelas. She exposes prominent and controversial issues such as abortion, poverty, rape and sexual abuse, and inequality that plagued her personally.
Da Silva’s background and personal reputation as “three times a minority” (black, poor, and woman), she says gives her a perspective into the lives of her electorate. Her struggles and ethnicity make her relatable to the citizens in which she has leadership over. This type of advantage makes for a more insightful, diverse, and conscientious political leader.
- Silvera, Guto (2010-04-10). "Gavetas limpas" (in Portuguese). Gazeta de Ribeirao. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
- Davis, Darién J. (1995). Slavery and Beyond: The African Impact on Latin America and the Caribbean. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 261–. ISBN 978-0-8420-2485-3.
- Silva, B., M. Benjamin, & M. Mendonça (1997), Benedita da Silva: An Afro-Brazilian woman's story of politics and love. Oakland, Ca: Institute for Food and Development Policy.
- Silva, Benedita da; Benjamin, Medea (1 January 1997). Benedita Da Silva: An Afro-Brazilian Woman's Story of Politics and Love. Food First Books. ISBN 9780935028706.
- Riding, Alan, "RIO JOURNAL; ONE WOMAN'S MISSION: TO MAKE BRASILIA SENSITIVE", New York Times, 19 February 1987.
- Bigelow, Barbara (1994). Contemporary Black Biography. Detroit. ISBN 978-0-8103-8557-3.