Belal Muhammad

Belal Mohammad (20 February 1936 – 30 July 2013) was one of the founders of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.[1]

Belal Muhammad
বেলাল মোহাম্মদ
Belal Muhammad delivering speech (cropped).jpg
Belal Muhammad at a conference in Sandwip, Chittagong.
Born(1936-02-20)20 February 1936
Died30 July 2013(2013-07-30) (aged 77)
Notable work
Founder of Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra in 1971.
MovementLiberation war of Bangladesh
Parent(s)Mahmuda Khanom
Moulavi Muhammad Yaqub
AwardsIndependence Day Award (2010)
Bangla Academy Literary Award (2011)

Early lifeEdit

Muhammad was born at Musapur Union in Sandwip, Chittagong. His mother was Mahmuda Khanom and father was Moulavi Muhammad Yaqub.[2] He was an active member of Student Union of Chittagong committee in his student life.[2] He started working as the sub-editor of Dainik Azadi in 1964 and also joined in Radio Pakistan in that year.[2] Muhammad's wife died in 1973 and only son, Ananda, died in 1998 at the age of 32.

Liberation war in 1971Edit

On 7 March 1971, when the non-cooperation movement began with the speech from Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Mohammad was then a government officer and worked as a scriptwriter and artiste for the Radio Pakistan. He believed that the radio was a strong backbone for a nation. That is when the idea of Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra came to his head.[1] Since he was a radio officer, he had some experience on the subject. In those days, the Chittagong Radio station had a 10 KW transmitter, which had a radius of 50 miles listening area.[1] Belal, along with two of his friends and co-organizers, Abdullah-Al-Faruque, Abul Kashem Sandwip, and two other unwilling engineers, who they somehow managed to convince, set out for the transmitter station at Kalurghat and founded Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.[1] He was the arranger and organizer of the declaration of Independence of Bangladesh from Kalurghat betar kendra after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had declared it and announced by Major Ziaur Rahman on behalf of Sheikh Mujib on March 27, 1971.[2] Belal was appointed as the assistant director of the radio station on June 1, 1971.


Mohammad was awarded Independence Day Award in 2010 for his contributions to the independence and Bangladesh Liberation War.[3] He also received Bangla Academy Literary Award for literature on liberation war affairs in 2011.[4]


Mohammad died on July 30, 2013 at the age of 77 at the Intensive Care Unit in Apollo Hospital Dhaka. He donated his body which was received by Sher-e-Bangla Medical College for the use of the medical students.


  1. ^ a b c d Farina Noireet (17 March 2009). "The voice behind the scene". The Daily Star.
  2. ^ a b c d "আমি জীবনে কোনদিন কোন রাজনীতি করিনি". Media Vibration. Archived from the original on 2013-04-05.
  3. ^ "স্বাধীনতার ঘোষণা: বেলাল মোহাম্মদের সাক্ষাৎকার". March 28, 2010.
  4. ^ "Bangla Academy Awards 2011 go to 10". February 19, 2012. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013.