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Beijing Normal University

Beijing Normal University (BNU, simplified Chinese: 北京师范大学; traditional Chinese: 北京師範大學; pinyin: Běijīng Shīfàn Dàxué), colloquially known as 北师大 or Beishida, is a public research university located in Beijing, China, with a strong emphasis on basic disciplines of the humanities and sciences. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China, and was recognized by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a Class A Double First Class University.[3]

Beijing Normal University
北京师范大学
BNU logo 2.png
Latin: Universitas Normalis Pechinum
Motto学为人师,行为世范[1]
Motto in English
Learn, so as to instruct others; Act, to serve as a model for all.[2]
TypePublic
Established1902
PresidentDong Qi (董奇)
Academic staff
Over 3,086
StudentsOver 24,700
Undergraduates10,260
Postgraduates12,891
LocationBeijing, People's Republic of China
CampusUrban, 738,779 m2 (7,952,150 sq ft)
WebsiteChinese Version
English Version
BNUlogo2.png

The term "normal school" refers to an institution that aimed to train schoolteachers in the early twentieth century. This terminology is preserved in the official names of such institutions in China even after these schools gained university status and expanded to offer courses beyond education-related fields. This term reflects BNU's heritage as a former unit of the Imperial University of Peking dedicated to training schoolteachers.

Professor Qi Dong (董奇), a well-known scholar in Developmental Psychology, has served as the President since July, 2012.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
National Peking Normal University during the 1920s

The University grew out of the Faculty of Education at the Imperial University of Peking which was established as China's first modern university, on the initiative of the emperor of the Qing Dynasty after the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898. In 1908 the Faculty of Education was named the "Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training" and was separated from the Imperial University of Peking, which subsequently became Peking University, another prestigious university in China.

After the Republic of China was established, the Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training was renamed Peking Normal College in 1912. The college established its first graduate programs in 1920 and began to recruit female students in 1921. In 1923 it was renamed again to Peking Normal University, thus becoming the first normal university in modern Chinese history. The Peking Women’s College of Education merged into Peking Normal University in 1931.

 
A memorial for three students killed in the March 18 Massacre, 1926

When communist forces established the People's Republic of China in 1949, the capital of Peking was renamed Beijing and the university was consequently renamed Beijing Normal University. During a national initiative of university rearrangement in 1952, Fu Jen Catholic University merged with Beijing Normal University. In 1954, BNU moved from its Hepingmen campus to a newly established campus at Beitaipingzhuang and has remained there since.

Historically, students at Beijing Normal University have played a significant role in patriotic, democratic and other social movements, particularly in the May Fourth Movement in 1919, the Cultural Revolution, and the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The New York Times has described it as "one of the most progressive institutions" in China.[4]

PresentEdit

Beijing Normal University was selected to be a Project 211 institution in 1996. In 2002, BNU signed an agreement with the Ministry of Education and Beijing municipal government to become the 10th university participating in Project 985, through which it receives special support from the Chinese government aimed at elevating its reputation to the level of a "world-class" university.[5]

 
Campus view

During its centennial celebration in 2002, an asteroid discovered in 1996 was named after the university as 8050 Beishida.

After a special visit from Premier Wen Jiabao to the university on May 4, 2006, the Chinese government implemented a Fee-Waiver Policy for teacher training programs in six normal universities that are supervised by the Ministry of Education, including Beijing Normal University.

The university also has a distinct emphasis on increasing educational equity. Its 2009 demographic composition data shows that 40% of its enrolled students are from western China, almost one third are from rural areas, and a quarter are from low-income families. Ethnic minorities comprise more than 10% of students.[6]

AcademicsEdit

In total, the university has 55 undergraduate degree programs, 162 master programs, and 100 doctoral programs. Sixteen of them are honored as "national key disciplines", including 5 general disciplines and 11 specialized disciplines, and are recognized as among the top ranked programs in China:

Education Psychology
Chinese Mathematics
Geography Cell Biology
Marxist Philosophy Physical Chemistry
Ancient Chinese History Systems Science
Theory of History Theoretical Physics
Folklore/Anthropology Environmental Science
Ecology Educational Economics and Management

Beijing Normal University possesses 74 research laboratories, including 4 National Key Labs, 7 Key Labs of the Ministry of Education, and 5 Key Labs of the Beijing Municipality. Key research centers and facilities include 7 key research facilities in humanities and social sciences of the Ministry of Education, 2 research centers of Engineering & Technology of the Beijing Municipality, 3 research centers jointly established with the Beijing Municipality, and more than 40 other research centers. Additionally, the university has an institute dedicated to Proteomics, the only one established in a university by the Ministry of Education. The university has also established a Science Park comprising 6 hectares.

 
The Mu Duo Gilded Bell
National Key Laboratories at Beijing Normal University
National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning
National Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology
National Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science
National Key Laboratory of Water Environmental simulation

Beijing Normal University's annual research budget in the sciences exceeds RMB 100 million. In 2010, 150 projects were funded by the National Natural Science Foundation, with a record high amount of RMB 62 million (compared with 44.7 million in 2009 and 37 million in 2007).[7]

Funding for research in the humanities and social sciences has increased rapidly in the last five years to RMB 150 million, the third largest budget nationally. Since 2002, the annual increase in budget has been over RMB 30 million, equating to RMB 40,000 per capita. This increase in funding reflects BNU's institutional commitment to basic theory and research in the humanities and social sciences.

Beijing Normal University was also among the first Chinese institutions to recruit international students. It is particularly popular for its Mandarin Chinese study programs. Among its most prestigious programs is Princeton in Beijing, a collaboration with Princeton University in the United States.[8]

Regarding international co-operation, the Beijing Normal University is part of a university consortium (together with the Danube University Krems, the University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück and the University of Tampere) which offers a Erasmus+ joint master's degree, a Master in Research and Innovation in Higher Education.

Collaboration with SUSSEdit

The University collaborates with the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) on SUSS's Master of Arts in Chinese Language and Literature.[9]

Schools and DepartmentsEdit

 
The library of Beijing Normal University
  • Faculty of Education[10]
  • School of Chinese Language and Literature[11]
  • School of Law
  • School of Economy and Business Administration
  • School of Foreign Language & Culture[12]
  • School of Life Science
  • School of Chemistry
  • School of Resources[13]
  • School of Geography
  • Department of Astronomy[14]
  • School of Mathematics
  • School of History
  • School of Philosophy
  • Department of Physics
  • School of Systems Science[15]
  • School of Psychology[16]
  • School of Social Development and Public Policy[17]
  • School of Arts and Mass Media
  • School of Environment
  • School of Sociology

Beijing Normal University also has many other areas of study not mentioned above.

CampusEdit

 
The Qiu Jiduan Gymnasium and recreation complex, completed in 2008
 
Undergraduate dormitories

The original campus was near Hepingmen and Liulichang in the center of Beijing during the Republic of China period, and after Fu Jen University merged into BNU, the Fu Jen's campus near Shichahai and Prince Kung's Mansion became the Northern Campus of BNU.

Beijing Normal University's current campus was built in 1954. It is located in northwest downtown Beijing in Haidian district, between the second and third ring roads, and is the closest of all Haidian universities to Tiananmen Square, site of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests during which several BNU students were involved as student leaders.

BNU's campus hosted the U.S. Olympic Team during the 2008 Beijing Olympics.[18][19]

In 2002, a sister campus was established collaboratively by the Zhuhai municipal government and Beijing Normal University in the coastal city of Zhuhai, Guangdong.

Notable alumniEdit

RankingsEdit

University rankings
National
BCUR China[23] 20
  • QS World University Ranking: 252nd, 7th in China [24]
  • Academic Ranking of World Universities: 201-300th, 7th-12th in China[25]
  • Humanities and Social Sciences overall ranking in China: 3rd [26]

Affiliated high schoolsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "北京师范大学简介". Beijing Normal University. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "Beijing Normal University". English Home Page. Beijing Normal University. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  3. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)".
  4. ^ Wines, Michael (2 November 2009). "China Dismisses Minister of Education" – via NYTimes.com.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-18. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  6. ^ "钟秉林谈师范生教育:毕业生已供大于求(图)". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
  8. ^ "PRINCETON in BEIJING -". www.princeton.edu.
  9. ^ "Collaborations with Overseas Universities". SUSS. 29 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Faculty Of Education - BNU". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Beijing Normal University". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  12. ^ "北京师范大学外国语言文学学院". www.sfll.bnu.edu.cn.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  14. ^ "Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University - 北京师范大学天文系". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  15. ^ "北京师范大学系统科学学院". sss.bnu.edu.cn.
  16. ^ 北京师范大学心理学部. "北京师范大学心理学部". psych.bnu.edu.cn.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  18. ^ US Olympians Train at Beijing Normal University. YouTube. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
  20. ^ "Remarks at the Central Party School Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner Beijing, China As Delivered". www.treasury.gov.
  21. ^ "Dr Filippenko's Dedication of his SJAA Talk - SJAA". SJAA. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  22. ^ Cross, Ester. "Folt celebrates Beijing Normal University partnership". The Dartmouth. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  23. ^ Best Chinese Universities Ranking, Overall Ranking - 2018
  24. ^ "Beijing Normal University Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  25. ^ "World University Rankings - 2014 - Argentina Universities in Top 500 universities - Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2014 - Shanghai Ranking - 2014". Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  26. ^ "2009中国大学社会科学100强". Retrieved 18 July 2015.

External linksEdit