Beijing Normal University (BNU, Chinese: 北京师范大学), colloquially known as Beishida (北师大), is a public research university located in Beijing, China, with a strong emphasis on humanities and sciences. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China as part of Class A Double First Class University in the Double First Class University Plan and was designated by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a member of Project 985 and Project 211.
|Latin: Universitas Normalis Pechinum|
Motto in English
|Learn, so as to instruct others; Act, to serve as a model for all.|
|President||Dong Qi (董奇)|
19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, HaiDian District zipcode 100875,
|Campus||Urban, 738,779 m2 (7,952,150 sq ft)|
|Affiliations||Beijing-Hong Kong Universities Alliance (BHUA)|
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao University Alliance (GHMUA)
|Website||Chinese Version |
"Normal school" refers to an institution that trained schoolteachers in the early 20th century. The title is preserved in the names of Chinese institutions after they developed into comprehensive universities. It also reflects BNU's heritage as a Faculty of Education member of the Imperial University of Peking which was established as China's first modern university.
BNU ranked first among universities that originated as “normal schools”. The Faculty of Education is considered the best in China according to several widely cited international rankings, including the QS Rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, and the U.S. News Rankings, and the URAP ranking. BNU is ranked 36th among the Global Top 100 Innovative Universities according to the World's Universities with Real Impacts (WURI) Ranking 2021.
The university grew out of the Faculty of Education at the Imperial University of Peking by the emperor after the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898. In 1908 the Faculty of Education was named the "Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training" and separated from the Imperial University of Peking which subsequently became Peking University.
In 1912, after the Republic of China was established, the Imperial Capital School of Supreme Teacher Training was renamed Peking Normal College. The college established its first graduate programs in 1920 and began accepting female students in 1921. In 1923 it was renamed Peking Normal University and became the first normal university in modern Chinese history. The Peking Women's College of Education merged into Peking Normal University in 1931.
When the Communist Party established the People's Republic of China in 1949 the capital of Peking was renamed, via pinyin, as Beijing and the university was consequently renamed Beijing Normal University. During a national initiative of university rearrangement in 1952 Fu Jen Catholic University merged with Beijing Normal University. In 1954 BNU moved from its Hepingmen campus to the newly established campus at Beitaipingzhuang. In 1959, BNU was designated by the Ministry of Education as one of 20 national key universities of China.
Historically, students at Beijing Normal University have played major roles in patriotic, democratic and other social movements, including the May Fourth Movement in 1919, and other significant cultural and sociopolitical events. The New York Times described it as "one of the most progressive institutions" in China. During the Cultural Revolution Beijing Normal University students made up the majority of Red Guards, a Maoist movement that killed thousands of people and attempted to destroy what they saw as "outdated" and "backwards" artifacts and cultural institutions.
Beijing Normal University was selected to be a Project 211 institution in 1996. In 2002, BNU signed an agreement with the Ministry of Education and Beijing municipal government to become the 10th university participating in Project 985, through which it receives special support from the Chinese government aimed at elevating its reputation to the level of a "world-class" university.
During its centennial celebration in 2002 an asteroid discovered in 1996 was named after the university as 8050 Beishida.
After a special visit by Premier Wen Jiabao to the university on May 4, 2006, the Chinese government implemented a tuition-waiver policy for teacher training programs in six normal universities that are supervised by the Ministry of Education, including Beijing Normal University.
The university has a strong emphasis on increasing educational equity. Its 2009 demographic data shows that 40% of its enrolled students were from western China, one third were from rural areas and a quarter were from low-income families. Ethnic minorities comprised more than 10% of students.
As of the year 2020, the university has 74 undergraduate degree programs, 185 master programs and 142 doctoral programs. Sixteen of them are honored as "national key disciplines", including 5 general disciplines and 11 specialized disciplines, which are recognized among the top ranked programs in China:
|National Key Disciplines at Beijing Normal University|
|Chinese Language and Literature||Mathematics|
|Marxist Philosophy||Physical Chemistry|
|Ancient Chinese History||System Sciences|
|Theory of History||Theoretical Physics|
|Ecology||Educational Economics and Management|
Beijing Normal University possesses 74 research laboratories, including 4 National Key Labs, 7 Key Labs of the Ministry of Education and 5 Key Labs of the Beijing Municipality. Key research centers and facilities include 7 key research facilities in humanities and social sciences of the Ministry of Education, 2 research centers of Engineering and Technology of the Beijing Municipality, 3 research centers jointly established with the Beijing Municipality, and more than 40 other research centers. Additionally, the university has an institute dedicated to Proteomics, the only one established in a university by the Ministry of Education. The university has also established a Science Park comprising 6 hectares.
|National Key Laboratories at Beijing Normal University|
|National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning|
|National Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology|
|National Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science|
|National Key Laboratory of Water Environmental simulation|
Beijing Normal University's annual research budget in the sciences exceeds RMB 100 million. In 2010, 150 projects were funded by the National Natural Science Foundation, with a record high amount of RMB 62 million (compared with 44.7 million in 2009 and 37 million in 2007).
Funding for research in the humanities and social sciences has increased rapidly in the last five years to RMB 150 million, the third largest budget nationally. Since 2002, the annual increase in budget has been over RMB 30 million, equating to RMB 40,000 per capita. This increase in funding reflects BNU's institutional commitment to basic theory and research in the humanities and social sciences.
Beijing Normal University is part of a university consortium, including the University for Continuing Education Krems, Eötvös Loránd University, Hochschule Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology and the University of Tampere, which offers an Erasmus+ joint master's degree and a Master in Research and Innovation in Higher Education.
Beijing Normal University was among the first Chinese institutions to accept international students. It is particularly popular for its Mandarin Chinese study programs. Among its most prestigious programs is Princeton in Beijing, a collaboration with Princeton University in the United States.
The university collaborates with the Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS) on SUSS's Master of Arts in Chinese Language and Literature.
Beijing Normal University is the seat of the BRICS Universities League Secretariat with BNU as a leading university in terms of BRICS higher education and academic cooperation.
Rankings and reputationEdit
|Global – Overall|
|ARWU World||200-300 (2022)|
|QS World||262 (2023)|
|THE World||251-300 (2023)|
|THE Reputation||126-150 (2021)|
|USNWR Global||269 (2023)|
|Regional – Overall|
|QS Asia||51 (2021)|
|QS BRICS||27 (2019)|
|THE Asia||36 (2021)|
|THE Emerging Economies||17 (2021)|
|USNWR Asia||46 (2023)|
|National – Overall|
|BCUR National||13 (2021)|
|QS National||12 (2021)|
|THE National||10 (2021)|
BNU ranked No.1 in China among universities that originated as “normal schools”. The Faculty of Education is considered the best in China according to several widely cited international rankings, including the QS World University Rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the U.S. News & World Report Best Global Universities Ranking, and the University Ranking by Academic Performance.
In 2022, BNU was ranked 19th globally by the Times Higher Education Rankings by Subjects, and 28th by the QS World University Rankings by Subjects, for "Education and Training", which are historical strengths for the Faculty of Education that originated as a "normal university".
BNU is ranked 36th among the Global Top 100 Innovative Universities according to the World's Universities with Real Impacts (WURI) Ranking 2021.
According to the 2021 QS World University Rankings, BNU was ranked among the top 170 in "Arts and Humanities", "Social Sciences & Management" and "Natural Science" related subjects.
Beijing Normal University consistently features in the top 300th global universities as ranked by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the U.S. News & World Report. Beijing Normal graduates are highly desired in China and worldwide; in 2017, its graduate employability rankings placed in the global top #200+ universities with high-achieving graduates. Internationally, Beijing Normal University was regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where, it has ranked #126 globally.
- QS World University Ranking : 262nd, 12th in China
- Academic Ranking of World Universities : 201-300th, 7th-12th in China
- Times Higher Education World University Rankings : 251-300th, 11th in China
Schools and DepartmentsEdit
- Faculty of Education
- School of Chinese Language and Literature
- School of Law
- School of Economy and Business Administration
- School of Foreign Language and Culture
- School of Life Science
- School of Chemistry
- School of Resources
- School of Geography
- Department of Astronomy
- School of Mathematics
- School of History
- School of Philosophy
- Department of Physics
- School of Systems Science
- School of Psychology
- School of Social Development and Public Policy
- School of Arts and Mass Media
- School of Environment
- School of Sociology
Beijing Normal University also has many other areas of study not mentioned above.
The main campus is in the Haidian District, with other Beijing campuses in the Changping District and Xicheng District as well as a campus in Zhuhai, Guangdong.
The original campus was near Hepingmen and Liulichang in the center of Beijing during the Republic of China period. After Fu Jen University merged with BNU the Fu Jen campus in Shichahai became the Northern Campus of BNU.
Beijing Normal University's current campus was built in 1954. It is located in central northwest Beijing in Haidian district between the second and third ring roads. It is the closest of all Haidian universities to Tiananmen Square.
Its campus hosted the U.S. Olympic Team during the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
- Mo Yan, writer, 2012 Nobel Literature Prize laureate
- Liu Xiaobo, writer and dissident, 2010 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Su Tong, novelist
- Cao Shui, poet, novelist and screenwriter
- Xie Jun, chess grandmaster
- Zhu Jin, astronomer
- Lang Ping, gold medalist in 1984 Summer Olympics women's volleyball, and former head coach of the U.S. women's national volleyball team
- Dao Youhe, well-known specialist in Chinese education
- Chen Yibing, gymnast, 2008 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Olympics gold medalist
- Xu Jialu, professor of Chinese, politician, and former vice chairman of the National People's Congress
- Yuan Guiren, professor of philosophy, and the former Minister of Education of the People's Republic of China
- Sun Siwei, well-known specialist in Chinese education
- Yu Dan, professor well known for her popular and controversial lectures about the Analects broadcast on China Central Television
- Ye Ding, psychologist
- Weidong Li, professor of astronomy, the first Chinese astronomer to discover a supernovae since 1054 A.D.
- Min Weifang, former CPC Secretary of Peking University, serving from 2002 to 2011. He is a graduate of the Education Department, subsequently earning his Ph.D. from Stanford University in the United States
- Wang Dezhao or Ouang Te Tchao, prominent Chinese physicist, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, student of French physicist Paul Langevin and founder of underwater acoustics in China, Officier of the French National Order of the Legion of Honour.
- Wang Xiaodong, elected member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, former biochemist at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and currently Director and Investigator at the National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS, Beijing)
- Liang Jun, teacher and women's rights activist
- Timothy Geithner, 75th United States Secretary of the Treasury. He attended as a language student studying Mandarin in 1982 as an undergraduate at Dartmouth College.
- Kirsten Gillibrand, United States Senator from New York. She attended as an undergraduate in Dartmouth College's FSP program.
Affiliated high schoolsEdit
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No.19, Xinjiekouwai St, Haidian District, Beijing, 100875, P.R.China
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Coordinates: 39°57′26″N 116°21′45″E / 39.95722°N 116.36250°E