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Barons Court is a London Underground station in West Kensington in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Greater London. This station serves the District line and the Piccadilly line. Barons Court is between West Kensington and Hammersmith on the District line, and between Earl's Court and Hammersmith on the Piccadilly line and is in Travelcard Zone 2.[3] East of the station, the Piccadilly line descends into tunnel towards Earl's Court and the District line continues in a cutting to West Kensington. The station is the last open air stop for eastbound trains on the Piccadilly line until Arnos Grove and has cross-platform interchange with the District line. The station is in a deep brick sided cutting.

Barons Court London Underground
Barons-court-tube.jpg
Station entrance
Barons Court is located in Greater London
Barons Court
Barons Court
Location of Barons Court in Greater London
LocationWest Kensington
Local authorityHammersmith & Fulham
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms4
Fare zone2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 7.16 million[1]
2014Increase 7.50 million[1]
2015Decrease 7.30 million[1]
2016Decrease 7.21 million[1]
2017Decrease 7.12 million[1]
Railway companies
Original companyDistrict Railway
Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway
Key dates
9 September 1874DR line opened
9 October 1905DR station opened
15 December 1906GNP&B platforms opened
Listed status
Listing gradeII
Entry number1358562[2]
Added to list14 February 1985
Other information
External links
WGS8451°29′26″N 0°12′49″W / 51.49056°N 0.21361°W / 51.49056; -0.21361Coordinates: 51°29′26″N 0°12′49″W / 51.49056°N 0.21361°W / 51.49056; -0.21361
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Contents

LocationEdit

The station is located on Gliddon Road, a short distance from Talgarth Road (A4).[4] East of the station, the Piccadilly line descends into tunnel towards Earl's Court and the District line continues on the surface to West Kensington.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
The station in May 1962 looking east with a westbound Piccadilly line train to Uxbridge.

The tracks through Barons Court were first opened on 9 September 1874 when the District Railway (DR, now the District line) opened an extension from Earl's Court to Hammersmith.[6] When the line was constructed the area now known as Barons Court was open fields and market gardens to the west of the settlement of North End and there was no call for a station between West Kensington and Hammersmith.

However, by the beginning of the 20th century, the area had been developed for housing and, on 9 October 1905, the District Railway (DR) opened the station[6] to serve these new developments and in preparation for the opening of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly line), then under construction.[5] The GNP&BR began operations on 15 December 1906, running between Hammersmith and Finsbury Park.[5]

The former Formula One driver B. Bira, who was a member of the Thai Royal family, was found dead at the station in December 1985.[7]

 
The unique bench on the eastbound island platform.

The station todayEdit

The station building was constructed to a design by Harry Ford in a style similar to that used at Earl's Court and Hammersmith and is now a Grade II listed building as it retains many of its original features, including terracotta facing and Art Nouveau lettering. The wooden benches on the platform with the station name along the back on enamelled metal panels are a unique feature on the entire London Underground.[2] The station has two island platforms to provide an interchange between the two lines - the inner pair of tracks is used by the Piccadilly line and the outer tracks by the District line.[5][6] The station building has been Grade II listed since 14 February 1985.[2]

NameEdit

Many people mistakenly believe that name Barons Court is inspired by Earl's Court to the east and the association of the area in the early 19th century with the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (died 1806) and his English wife Elizabeth (the Margravine, the widow of the 6th Baron Craven).[8] They had a home at Brandenburg House immediately to the west of the site of Charing Cross Hospital. The Margravine died in 1828 and is commemorated by a number of roads in the area (Margravine Road and Margravine Gardens) and the Margrave possibly by Barons Court Road although the approximate equivalent rank in the British peerage to Margrave is a Marquess.

The name Barons Court is probably inspired by the Barenscourt estate in Ireland, where Sir William Palliser, who built the entire area, had connections. As well as Palliser Road itself, all the roads in the area are named after members of his family.

 
The platforms at Barons Court.
  • Perham Road: his wife
  • Charleville Road: his cousins, the Earls of Charleville
  • Gledstanes Road: his mother
  • Barton Road: his grandmother
  • Challoner Street: his great-grandmother
  • Fairholme Road: his married sister
  • Vereker Road: his married aunt, wife of Viscount Gort
  • Comeragh Road: after the family estate in Ireland
  • Castletown Road: after the Baronets Pallisers' estate in Ireland

Sir William's brother, John Palliser (the explorer) inherited the Comeragh estate in County Waterford. Sir William did not have an Irish estate of his own. Instead, he tried to develop this London estate. He died very suddenly on 4 February 1882, and the lawyers had a field day, selling everything off, including the 11 acres (45,000 m2) which would become the Queen's Club. Sir William was heavily in debt, though if he had not died so suddenly and had managed to sell many of the houses he could have been a wealthy man. As it was, the family ended up with nothing.

Some wonder if there is a reason why the apostrophe is not used for Barons Court station but is used at the nearby Earl's Court.[9] A book in the Society of Genealogists, annotated in pencil by R. Burnet Morris who knew Sir William personally, provides a history of the area. Morris declared Barons Court was named "after Sir William's Irish Estates" namely "Barenscourt". As a result, unlike Earl's Court station, Barons Court is written without an apostrophe.

ServicesEdit

 
A 1973 stock Piccadilly line train stands at the eastbound platform.

District lineEdit

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

There is also a morning service every day from Acton Town (Ealing Broadway on Saturdays) to Edgware Road and a late evening service from Edgware Road to Ealing Broadway on Sundays only.[6]

Piccadilly lineEdit

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is as follows:

Nearby placesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Historic England. "Barons Court Underground Station (1358562)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  3. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. May 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Barons Court tube station". Google Maps. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Feather, Clive. "Piccadilly line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Feather, Clive. "District line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  7. ^ "The Prince And I: The story of the last Thai F1 driver". BBC. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Lady Elizabeth Berkeley". The Peerage. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009.
  9. ^ "London 1994 - Incident on the Tube". Just for my boys. 9 November 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012.
  10. ^ "District line timetable: From Barons Court Underground Station to West Kensington Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  11. ^ a b "District line timetable: From Barons Court Underground Station to Hammersmith (Dist&Picc Line) Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Piccadilly line timetable: From Barons Court Underground Station to Earl's Court Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Piccadilly line timetable: From Barons Court Underground Station to Hammersmith (Dist&Picc Line) Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 June 2015.

External linksEdit

Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
District line
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters