Baloch diaspora

The Baloch diaspora refers to Baloch people, and their descendants, who have emigrated to places outside the Balochistan region of South-West Asia – a region stretching from southwestern Pakistan to southeastern Iran and southern Afghanistan. The Baloch diaspora is found throughout the Middle East, South Asia, Turkmenistan, East Africa, Europe, North America and in other parts of the world.

Baloch diaspora
Total population
c. 72 Million (Estimated)
Regions with significant populations
PakistanIranAfghanistanArabian peninsula
 Pakistan35,000,000 (2017)[1]
 Iran2,000,000 - 4,500,000 (2016)Ethnicities in Iran#cite note-38
 United Arab Emirates468,000 (2014)[5]
 Kuwait20,000 (1993)[9]
 Saudi Arabia16,000[citation needed]
 Tanzania1,000-3,000 (2008) [11]
 Kenya1,000 (2007)[11]
Related ethnic groups
Baloch peoples, Sindhi Baloch, Baloch of Punjab

The collapse of HistoryEdit

The first British researchers did not carefully describe the origin of the Baloch tribes, or perhaps this was the action of some kind of political system, the British Empire, and this was deliberate, dividing the Baloch tribes in the historical science, which led to the misconception about the origin of the Baloch people. This widespread propaganda is mainly adhered to by provocateurs from Iran and Pakistan, many Baloch tribes who are Balochi were allegedly considered non-Balochi in the historical literature, and today they are not included in the Balochi list.

List of Baloch tribesEdit

  • Bugti - Prescribed Arab origin
  • Raisani - Prescribed Afghan origin
  • Langah - Prescribed Rajput origin
  • Mirani - Prescribed Persian origin
  • Gichki - Prescribed Rajput origin
  • Buledi - Prescribed Arab origin
  • Naushervani - Prescribed Persian origin
  • Baranzai - Prescribed Afghan origin
  • Dodai - Prescribed Rajput origin.
  • Alshaikh - Prescribed Hashimaite orgin

Analyzing the history of the aforementioned tribes, these tribes once had an independent state in their history. The provocation is directed against Baloch history in order to drown out the national interests of the Baloch people.


Within Pakistan, there are significant numbers of Baloch tribes that have migrated partially or totally and settled in regions outside of Balochistan, mostly into Sindh. Some have also migrated into southern Punjab, especially in the Saraiki speaking regions as well as southeast Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Many have become entirely assimilated into their host cultures. The Zardari tribe Jatoi tribe and Chandio and Magsi tribes for example are now culturally Sindhi Baloch. The Talpur dynasty is a Baloch tribe that ruled over Sindh. Meanwhile, the Legharis of Sindh and Southern Punjab speak both Sindhi and Saraiki.

Worldwide populationsEdit

Middle EastEdit

There are large numbers of Baloch living in Oman, the UAE and other Arab states of the Persian Gulf.


There are also significant populations in Norway, Sweden, and other European countries.


There is a population of Baloch in Turkmenistan who migrated there in the early 20th century, estimated in 1997 to number between 38,000 and 40,000.[12][13]

East AfricaEdit

There is also a small but historic Baloch community in East Africa, left over from when the Sultanate of Muscat ruled over Zanzibar and the Swahili Coast.[14][15] These migrants were largely from Makran and southern Balochistan. A majority of them still have ties to their families back in of the most famous Baluchi people in Tanzania is Rostam Aziz. In Uganda one Balochi called Jalalkhan finally settled at Kaberamaido in eastern Uganda and also Kamuli district at Nduria village. He planted many mango trees and other fruits in both places and they are famous places for mangoes to this day.


There are also a number of settlements of Baloch in India, mainly in Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. They now speak either Balochi Urdu, Gujarati and Kutchi, depending on their location.

North AmericaEdit

Smaller but sizeable Baloch communities are found throughout various states in the United States and Canada. Baloch immigrants in North America have formed their own cultural associations and tend to keep the community active through social occasions.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^[failed verification]
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Oman". 14 February 2022.
  4. ^ "Oman".
  5. ^ "Harnessing the GCC's Baloch pedigree". 10 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Turkmenistan".
  7. ^ "Baloch in India".
  8. ^ "Baloch, Southern in Qatar".
  9. ^ "Kuwait".
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b Lodhi, Abdulaziz (1 May 2013). "The Baluchi of Tanzania : Dynamics of Assimilation and Integration". The Journal of the Middle East and Africa. 4 (2): 127–134. doi:10.1080/21520844.2013.831726. S2CID 128764268 – via ResearchGate.
  12. ^ MOSHKALO, Vyacheslav V. 2000: "Language and Culture of the Baloch in Turkmenistan Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine". In: Carina JAHANI (ed.): Language in Society – Eight Sociolinguistic Essays on Balochi [Studia Iranica Upsaliensia 3]. Uppsala: Uppsala University, pp. 97–103
  13. ^ Languages of Turkmenistan,
  14. ^ Lodhi, Abdulaziz Y. 2000. A note on the Baloch in East Africa. In: Language in society: eight sociolinguistic essays on Balochi, Studia iranica upsaliensia, no 3, pp 91–95. Edited by Carina Jahani. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
  15. ^ Baluchis from East Africa: In Search of Our Roots, accessed 27-June-2010

Further readingEdit