Sarakhs

Sarakhs (Persian: سرخس‎, romanizedSaraxs, also Romanized as Serakhs)[2] is a city in Sarakhs County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.[3] Sarakhs was once a stopping point along the Silk Road, and in its 11th century heyday had many libraries.[3] Much of the original city site is now just across the border at Serakhs in Turkmenistan. According to the most recent national census, in 2006, the city's population was 33,571 in 8,066 families.[3]

Sarakhs

سرخس
آرامگاه لقمان سرخسی.jpg
Sarakhs is located in Iran
Sarakhs
Sarakhs
Coordinates: 36°32′42″N 61°09′28″E / 36.54500°N 61.15778°E / 36.54500; 61.15778Coordinates: 36°32′42″N 61°09′28″E / 36.54500°N 61.15778°E / 36.54500; 61.15778
Country Iran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountySarakhs
BakhshCentral
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total42,179 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Sarakhs at GEOnet Names Server

HistoryEdit

 
Loghman Baba mausoleum, Sarakhs, built in 1356 and recently partially restored.

Several battles were fought in this area. According to Ferdowsi's Shahnameh the town has existed since the Afrasiab period and was named for its builder, Sarakhs, son of Godarz, by Keykavus. Turkmen historians consider the city to have been founded over 2500 years ago.[4] The Mongols plundered and destroyed Sarakhs in 1221 AD.[3] It was rebuilt in the mid-19th century by the order of Nasser-al-Din Shah of the Qajar dynasty.[3] The city was also attacked by the Turkmens.

GeographyEdit

Sarakhs weather is cold in winter, warm and dry in summer thanks to the influence of the Karakum Desert.

LandmarksEdit

The main historical site of Sarakhs is the partly restored Loghman Baba mausoleum in a field just north of the town. It was built in 1356AD (757AH).

In Sarakhs district within 80 km of Sarakhs town are:

TransportEdit

More than a century after the early proposals of a cross-border railway at this location,[5] the railways of Iran and Turkmenistan were finally linked here in 1996. A bogie exchange is needed to overcome a break of gauge. This will be supplemented with a quicker SUW 2000 variable gauge axles track gauge changing facility (TSR).[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Sarakhs can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082496" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ a b c d e www.sirang.com, Sirang Rasaneh. "Sarakhs city in Khorasan Razavi province, travel to iran, Visit Iran". itto.org | Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  4. ^ Bradt Guide to Turkmenistan, 1st edition, page 131
  5. ^ "TO INDIA IN ELEVEN DAYS.; RUSSIA'S TRANSCASPIAN RAILWAY AND THE TIME NECESSARY TO COMPLETE IT.", The New York Times, May 3, 1885