Baao, officially the Municipality of Baao (Rinconada Bikol: Banwāan ka Baao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Baao) is 1st class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 61,493 people. [3]

Baao
Municipality of Baao
Aerial view of Baao
Aerial view of Baao
Map of Camarines Sur with Baao highlighted
Map of Camarines Sur with Baao highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Baao is located in Philippines
Baao
Baao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°27′12″N 123°21′55″E / 13.453456°N 123.365394°E / 13.453456; 123.365394Coordinates: 13°27′12″N 123°21′55″E / 13.453456°N 123.365394°E / 13.453456; 123.365394
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol Region
ProvinceCamarines Sur
District 5th district
Founded1590
Barangays30 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJeffrey S. Besinio
 • Vice MayorJose B. Malazarte
 • RepresentativeMiguel Luis R. Villafuerte
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate31,657 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total106.63 km2 (41.17 sq mi)
Elevation
57 m (187 ft)
Highest elevation
382 m (1,253 ft)
Lowest elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total61,493
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Households
11,390
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence26.20% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱229,213,304.32 (2020)
 • Assets₱600,126,099.57 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱161,069,551.13 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱104,297,866.10 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCamarines Sur 3 Electric Cooperative (CASURECO 3)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4432
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)54
Native languagesRinconada Bikol
Central Bikol
Tagalog

The municipality of Baao is within the 5th Congressional District of the province of Camarines Sur. The town is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Pili and Ocampo, on the east by the city of Iriga, on the west by Bula and south by the municipality Nabua. The town is approximately 480 kilometres (300 mi) south-east of Metro Manila, 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Naga City, 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) west of Iriga City, and 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of Legazpi City.

GeographyEdit

BarangaysEdit

Baao is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.

  • Agdangan Pob. (San Cayetano)
  • Antipolo
  • Bagumbayan
  • Cristo Rey
  • Del Pilar
  • Del Rosario (Poblacion)
  • Iyagan
  • La Medalla
  • Caranday (La Purisima)
  • Lourdes
  • Nababarera
  • Sagrada
  • Salvacion
  • San Antonio (Buluang)
  • San Francisco (Poblacion)
  • San Isidro (Oras)
  • San Jose (Poblacion)
  • San Juan
  • San Nicolas (Poblacion)
  • San Rafael (Ikpan)
  • Pugay (San Rafael/San Jose)
  • San Ramon (Poblacion)
  • San Roque (Poblacion)
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
  • Santa Eulalia
  • Santa Isabel
  • Santa Teresa (Vega)
  • Santa Teresita (Tara-tara)
  • Tapol

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Baao, Camarines Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33
(91)
32
(90)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
35
(95)
33
(91)
35
(95)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
34
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(83)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.03
(2.01)
78.13
(3.08)
55.3
(2.18)
83.07
(3.27)
159.34
(6.27)
239.88
(9.44)
385.80
(15.19)
391.75
(15.42)
293.65
(11.56)
401.33
(15.80)
108.2
(4.26)
334.9
(13.19)
2,582.38
(101.67)
Average rainy days 21 24 19 20 25 29 31 29 29 29 27 30 313
Source: World Weather Online[5]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Baao
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,871—    
1918 8,727+0.69%
1939 11,950+1.51%
1948 16,485+3.64%
1960 22,724+2.71%
1970 28,285+2.21%
1975 30,219+1.34%
1980 33,896+2.32%
1990 39,040+1.42%
1995 41,366+1.09%
2000 46,693+2.63%
2007 52,466+1.62%
2010 54,971+1.71%
2015 58,849+1.31%
2020 61,493+0.87%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[6][7][8][9]

In the 2020 census, the population of Baao, Camarines Sur, was 61,493 people, [3] with a density of 580 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,500 inhabitants per square mile.

LanguageEdit

Rinconada Bikol is the main language of the population. Baaoeños used the Baao variant, a lowland dialect (sinaranəw) of Rinconada Bikol which is different of that in Iriga.

Tagalog and English are also spoken in formal gatherings and occasions. The latter is widely used in schools as well as in business transactions.

ReligionEdit

 
St. Bartholomew Church

As one of the historical towns of Catholicism in the Bicol region, Baao has a majority of Roman Catholic adherents. Iglesia ni Cristo on the other hand is the second largest group. Islam has already set off in the town and they are composed of Muslim merchants/immigrants from Mindanao. Various Protestant religious sects are also present.

EconomyEdit


 
Baao town hall

TransportationEdit

Accessible only by land transportation, it is along the main route of the Maharlika Highway and the Philippine National Railways. Commuter rail services are provided by PNR serving from Naga City as its terminus and stops at Baao Station up to Ligao City in Albay then back again northward to Naga. Yet rail service to Manila is currently suspended due severe damages brought by Typhoon Reming in 2006. However, this is overtaken by bus companies that serve daily intercity trips. From Naga City, the easiest way to go to Baao is to ride a bus going to Iriga City from the Naga City Central Bus Terminal and disembark at Baao bus stop.

CultureEdit

Fiestas and festivalsEdit

The town fiesta (Feast of St. Bartolomew) or "Pintakasi" of Baao is celebrated from August 23 to 25. The only festival at Baao is the Barlin Festival; it commemorates the birthday of the First Filipino Bishop, Jorge I. Barlin. It is celebrated annually during the month of April.

EducationEdit

 
St. Monica Academy
 
Baao National High School

Baao Community College the lone state school offering tertiary courses for college students.

La Consolacion College Baao (formerly, the Sta. Monica Academy) is a private catholic school run by Augustinian sisters. It offers both elementary and secondary quality education with the purpose of creating graduates not only of high caliber but also with hearts that are "in one" with the poor.

Rosary School Inc. (formerly, the Rosary Learning Center) is a private educational institution offering complete preschool, elementary and secondary courses.

Ave Maria Early Childhood Impressions Center is a private catholic school for toddlers and pre-schoolers ages 2 yrs. old and above.

Other schools include:

  • Agdangan High School
  • Baao Central School
  • Baao High School
  • Baao West Central School
  • Eusebia Paz Arroyo Memorial High School
  • Nonito Paz Arroyo Memorial High School

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Baao | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Baao, Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  6. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External linksEdit