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B visa

  (Redirected from B-1 visa)
B1/B2 visa for an Argentinian citizen

A B visa is one of a category of non-immigrant visas issued by the United States government to foreign citizens seeking entry for a temporary period. The two types of B visa are the B-1 visa, issued to those seeking entry for business purposes, and the B-2 visa, issued to those seeking entry for tourism or other non-business purposes. In practice, the two visa categories are usually combined together and issued as a "B-1/B-2 visa" valid for a temporary visit for either business or pleasure, or a combination of the two. Citizens of certain countries do not usually need to obtain a visa for these purposes.

Contents

Acceptable and prohibited uses of a B-1 or B-2 visaEdit

Acceptable uses of a B-1 visaEdit

Under the category of temporary visitor for business, a B-1 visa may be used to enter the U.S. to engage in any of the following activities.[1]

  • Hold business meetings[2]
  • Perform certain business functions as a member of the board of directors of a U.S. corporation[3]
  • Purchase supplies or materials
  • Interview and hire staff
  • Negotiate contracts, sign contracts, or take orders for products manufactured outside the United States[4][2]
  • Attend a convention, meeting, trade show, or business event for scientific, educational, professional, or business purposes[4][2]
  • Settle an estate[5]
  • Perform independent research[4][2]
  • Receive practical medical experience and medical instruction under the supervision and direction of faculty physicians at a U.S. medical school's hospital as part of a third-year or fourth-year internship as long as the visitor is a studying at a foreign medical school and the visitor is not compensated by the hospital without remuneration from the hospital[3]
  • Observe U.S. medical practices and consult with medical colleagues on techniques, as long as the visitor is a medical doctor, the visitor receives no compensation from a U.S. source, and the visitor does not provide patient care while in the U.S.[3]
  • Take photographs, as long as the visitor is a professional photographer and the visitor receives no compensation from a U.S. source[3]
  • Record music, as long as the visitor is a musician, the recording will be distributed and sold only outside the U.S., and the visitor will give no public performances[3]
  • Create art, as long as the visitor is a creative artist, the visitor is not under contract with a U.S. employer, and the visitor does not intend to regularly sell such artwork in the U.S.[3]
  • Perform certain professional services[6]
  • Perform as a professional entertainer as part of a cultural exchange program performed before a nonpaying audience and funded by visitor's country[2]
  • Perform as a professional entertainer as part of a competition for which there is no compensation other than travel expenses or, in certain limited instances, a prize[2]
  • Perform work as crew on a private yacht that sails out of a foreign home port and cruises in U.S. waters[2]
  • Perform services on behalf of a foreign-based employer as a jockey, sulky driver, horse trainer, or horse groomer[3]
  • Compete in a particular athletic competition[4] with the only compensation being prize money as long as the prize money is not the recipient's primary source of income[2]
  • Try out for a professional sports team[4] as long as the visitor is not compensated other than reimbursement of travel expenses[2]
  • Participate in an athletic tournament or athletic sporting event as a professional athlete, as long as the visitor's only compensation is prize money, the visitor's principal place of business or activity is outside the U.S., the visitor's primary source of income is outside the U.S., and the visitor is either part of an international sports league or the sporting activities involved have an international dimension[3]
  • Survey potential sites for a business[4]
  • Perform as a lecturer or speaker[4]
  • Work for a foreign exhibitor in connection with exhibits at international fairs or international exhibits, as long as the visitor's employment responsibilities are primarily outside the U.S.[2]
  • Install, service, or repair commercial or industrial equipment or machinery that was sold by a non-U.S. company to a U.S. buyer when specifically required by the purchase contract; construction work is not allowed[4][2]
  • Perform a minor amount of volunteer services, excluding construction, for a religious organization or a nonprofit charitable organization, as long as volunteering is not the primary purpose of entering the U.S.[2]
  • Participate in a training program that is not designed primarily to provide employment[4]
  • Observe how a business operates or how professional activities are conducted[2]
  • Seek investments in the U.S., without actually performing productive labor or actively participating in the management of a business[2]
  • Participate in Peace Corps training as a volunteer or under contract[2]
  • Participate in the United Nations Institute for Training and Research internship program, as long a foreign government does not employ the visitor[2]
  • Drill for oil on the Outer Continental Shelf[2]
  • As a minister of religion, engage in an evangelical tour, as long as the visitor does not intend to take an appointment with any one church and the visitor will be supported by offerings contributed at each evangelical meeting[3]
  • As a minister of religion, temporarily exchange pulpits with U.S. ministers of religion, as long as the visitor will continue to be reimbursed by a foreign church and will not be compensated by the U.S. church[3]
  • Perform missionary work, religious instruction, religious aid to the elderly or needy, or religious proselytizing as a member of a religious denomination, as long as the work does not involve the selling of articles, the solicitation of donation, the acceptance of donations, administrative work, or is a substitute for ordinary labor for hire, and the visitor will not be compensated from U.S. sources other than an allowance or other reimbursement for travel expenses incidental to the temporary stay[3]
  • Participating in an organized project conducted by a recognized religious or nonprofit charitable organization that benefits U.S. local communities, as long as the visitor is a member of, and has a commitment to, the particular organization, the visitor receives no compensation from a U.S. source other than reimbursement of travel expenses[3]
  • Work as a personal employee or a domestic employee of an employer who seeks admission into, or who is already in, the United States in B, E, F, H, I, J, L, M, O, P, Q, or R non-immigrant status, if and only if the employee has been employed outside the U.S. in a similar capacity prior to the date the employer enters the U.S., the employee has a residence outside the U.S. that the employee has no intention of abandoning, the employer compensates the employee based on the prevailing wage, and the employer provides the employee free room and board.[7][8]
  • Work as a personal employee or a domestic employee of a U.S. citizen employer, if and only if the employer ordinarily resides outside the U.S.; the employer is traveling to the U.S. temporarily; the employer is subject to frequent international transfers of at least two years; the employer will reside in the U.S. for no more than four year as a condition of employment; the employer has regularly employed a domestic employee in the same capacity while outside the U.S.; the employee has a minimum of one year of experience in the same capacity; the employer provides the employee with the prevailing wage, room, board, and round-trip transportation; and the employee has a residence outside the U.S. that the employee has no intention of abandoning.[9][10]

Acceptable uses of a B-2 visaEdit

Under the category of temporary visitor for pleasure, a B-2 visa can be used to enter the U.S. to engage in any of the following activities.

  • Travel within the U.S.[3]
  • Visit family or friends
  • Participate in a convention, a conference, or a convocation of a fraternal, social, or service nature[3]
  • Obtain medical treatment as long as the visitor has the means to pay for the medical treatment[3]
  • Enroll in a short, recreational course of study, as long as it is not credited toward a degree[3]
  • Participate in an event, talent show, or a contest as an amateur, as long the visitor is not typically compensated for such participation and the visitor does not actually receive payment, other than reimbursement of travel expenses[3]
  • Enter as a dependent of an alien member of any branch of the U.S. Armed Forces temporarily assigned for duty in the U.S.[3]
  • Accompany a person with either a D-1 visa or a D-2 visa with the sole purpose of accompanying the person[3]
  • Enter with the intent of becoming engaged, meeting the family of a fiancé, making arrangements for a wedding, or renewing a relationship with a fiancé[3]
  • Enter with the intent of marrying a U.S. citizen and then return to a residence outside the U.S. after the marriage[3]
  • Accompany a spouse or child who is a U.S. citizen on a temporary visit to the U.S.[3]
  • Enter as a cohabiting (unmarried) partner of a non-immigrant visa holder if the partner is not otherwise eligible for derivative status under the partner's visa classification.[3]

Prohibited usesEdit

A person who enters the U.S. with a B-1 visa or a B-2 visa is prohibited from engaging in any of the following activities.

  • Employment, whether paid or unpaid (some exceptions apply)
  • Receive education which credits to a degree
  • Arrive in the U.S. as a part of a crew of a ship or an aircraft
  • Work as a journalist or other information media
  • Perform before a paying audience
  • Live permanently or long-term in the U.S.
  • Manage a business located in the U.S.[4]
  • Start a new branch, subsidiary, or affiliate of a foreign employer[2]
  • Enter the U.S. with the purpose of performing emergency response services[2]

Requirement to overcome presumption of intending immigrantEdit

Under section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, a foreigner must prove to the satisfaction of the Consular officer his or her intent to return to his home country after visiting the United States. The act specifically states:[11]

Every alien (other than a nonimmigrant described in subparagraph (L) or (V) of section 101(a)(15), and other than a nonimmigrant described in any provision of section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) except subclause (b1) of such section) shall be presumed to be an immigrant until he establishes to the satisfaction of the consular officer, at the time of application for a visa, and the immigration officers, at the time of application for admission, that he is entitled to a nonimmigrant status under section 101(a)(15).

In practice, this means that consular officers have wide discretion to deny a visa application. Once refused, there is no judicial or other means to challenge a visa decision. The foreigner, however, is free to apply for a visa again, particularly if circumstances have changed that might show to the consular officer that the applicant overcomes the presumption of being an intending immigrant.[12]

CostEdit

All applicants for a B-1 and/or B-2 visa must pay an application fee, currently 160 USD.[13] If the application is approved, individuals who are nationals of certain countries must pay an issuance fee, which varies by nationality and is typically based on reciprocity.[14]

As of January 2019, only nationals of the following countries must pay the issuance fee.[14]

Entry banEdit

Validity period and duration of stayEdit

 
US visa validity period (maximum available for B-1/B-2 type, per country)
  United States
  10 years
  5 years
  2-4 years
  1 year
  3-6 months

As with other non-immigrant U.S. visas, a B-1/B-2 visa has a validity period (from 1 month to 10 years), allows for one, two or multiple entries into the U.S., and elicits a period of stay (maximum 6 months) recorded by the Customs and Border Protection officer at the port of entry on the individual's form I-94. The validity period determines how long the visa may be used to enter the U.S., while the period of stay determines how long the person may stay in the U.S. after each entry.

Validity periods per country are listed in the U.S. Department of State Visa Reciprocity Tables and vary from 1 month for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (with lower issuance fee), 1 year for Vietnam, 3 years for Russia, and 5 years for Pakistan, to 10 years for China, India, Israel, Malaysia, Morocco, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia, and most countries in the Americas and Europe. For some countries, longer validity periods are available for higher issuance fees or specific visa types (B-1 or B-2).

Periods of stay for B-1 visas may be granted initially for a duration long enough to allow the visitor to conduct their business, up to a maximum of 6 months, and can be extended for another 6 months;[15] stays with B-1 visas are usually granted for three months or less, while stays with B-2 visas are generally granted for six months.[16] Extensions are possible, provided the individual has not violated the conditions of admission.[17]

A Border Crossing Card (BCC), also called a laser visa, has a 10-year validity and functions as both a BCC and a B-1/B-2 visitor's visa. The BCC is only issued to nationals of Mexico who apply for a visa inside Mexico.[18]

Validity of B visas by nationality, as of October 2017:[14][19]

Electronic Visa Update SystemEdit

 
A 10-year United States B visa issued to a Chinese citizen. The annotation indicates that Electronic Visa Update System (EVUS) enrolment is needed before travel.

On March 15, 2016, the U.S. Custom and Border Protection (CBP) announced that, starting from 29 November 2016, all holders of Chinese passports who also hold 10-year B visas are required to enroll in the Electronic Visa Update System (EVUS) before travelling to the United States via land, air or sea. The EVUS is designed for visa holders to update any changes to their basic biographic and employment information at the time of their visa applications. Similar to the ESTA, each EVUS registration is valid for a period of 2 years or until the holder's passport expiration date, whichever comes first, and each user of EVUS must pay a cost recovery fee of US$8 to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Holders of EVUS can travel to the U.S. for unlimited times providing that their EVUS registration and visa remain valid.[20]

The requirement applies to any holder of Chinese passport and B visa with a 10-year validity. It also applies to holders of non-citizen travel documents issued by other countries, such as refugee travel document and certificate of identity, whose nationality is Chinese. It does not apply, however, to holders of HKSAR passports and MSAR passports, holders of B visas with a validity shorter than 10 years, and holders of other types of visas. The CBP and DHS are seeking to expand the EVUS to other nationalities in the future.[21]

EVUS was officially launched on 31 October 2016 for early enrollments. Upon launch, CBP announced that the enrollment fee will be suspended until further notice.[22]

HistoryEdit

Before 1994, there was no application fee, and only the issuance fee was charged, varying by nationality based on reciprocity.[23] In 1994, the application fee was introduced for all applicants, in addition to the reciprocal issuance fee, to pay for the more costly machine-readable visas, which replaced the older stamped visas around that time.[24] The application fee was initially 20 USD, and has increased several times since then.

Date Application fee (USD)
16 May 1994[24] 20
1 February 1998[25] 45
1 June 2002[26] 65
1 November 2002[27] 100
1 January 2008[28] 131
4 June 2010[29] 140
13 April 2012[30] 160

Use for other countriesEdit

Certain countries generally accept a U.S. tourist visa that is valid for further travel as a substitute visa for national visas.

StatisticsEdit

Visitor visas issuedEdit

 
Issued B-1/B-2 visas in fiscal 2017
  United States
  Visa exempt nationalities
  Over 400 thousand issued visas
  Over 100 thousand issued visas
  Over 50 thousand issued visas
  Over 25 thousand issued visas
  Over 10 thousand issued visas
  Over 5 thousand issued visas
  Under 5 thousand issued visas

The highest number of B-1/B-2 visas were issued to nationals of the following countries in fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.

In fiscal year 2014, most reasons to refuse a visa were cited as "failure to establish entitlement to nonimmigrant status", "incompatible application" (most overcome), "unlawful presence", "misrepresentation", "criminal convictions", "smugglers" and "controlled substance violators". Smaller number of applications were rejected for "physical or mental disorder", "prostitution", "espionage", "terrorist activities", "falsely claiming citizenship" and other grounds for refusal including "presidential proclamation", "money laundering", "communicable disease" and "commission of acts of torture or extrajudicial killings".[45]

 
Number of non-immigrant admissions for tourist and business purposes into the United States in fiscal year 2017
  United States
  Over 2 million admissions
  Over 1 million admissions
  Over 500 thousand admissions
  Over 250 thousand admissions
  Over 100 thousand admissions
  Over 15 thousand admissions
  Under 15 thousand admissions

Adjusted Visa Refusal RateEdit

 
US B visa refusal rate in fiscal year 2018
  United States
  Visa exempt countries
  Over 50%
  Over 40%
  Over 30%
  Over 20%
  Over 10%
  Over 5%
  Over 3%
  Under 3%

The adjusted visa refusal rate for B visas were as follows.

Visitor admissionsEdit

The individuals admitted for tourism and/or business purposes during fiscal year 2017 were nationals from the following countries.[51][52][53][54]

  1. ^ *"Non-nationality based issuances" includes individuals presenting travel documents issued by a competent authority other than their country of nationality, including, for example, aliens traveling on a Laissez-Passer issued by the United Nations and refugees residing in another country.
  2. ^ Includes admissions under the Visa Waiver Program
  3. ^ Includes Australia, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, and Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  4. ^ Includes mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.
  5. ^ Includes Denmark, Faroe Islands, and Greenland
  6. ^ Includes France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Reunion, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and Wallis and Futuna.
  7. ^ Data withheld by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to limit disclosure.
  8. ^ Includes a limited number of Border Crossing Card admissions.
  9. ^ Includes Morocco and Western Sahara
  10. ^ Includes the Netherlands, Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten
  11. ^ Includes New Zealand, Cook Islands, Tokelau, and Niue
  12. ^ Includes the United Kingdom, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, and Turks and Caicos Islands

OverstaysEdit

A number of visitors overstay the maximum period of allowed stay on their B-1/B-2 status after entering the U.S. The Department of Homeland Security publishes annual reports that list the number of violations by passengers who arrive by air and sea. The table below excludes statistics on persons who left the United States later than their allowed stay or legalized their status and shows only suspected overstays who remained in the country. More than 95% of visitors from Mexico arrive in the U.S. by land rather than by air and sea. Statistics for suspected overstays of the land visitors are yet to be released.[55]

The top 20 nationalities by the number of suspected in-country B-1/B-2 overstays in 2016 and 2017 were the following.[56][57]

The top 10 nationalities by in-country B-1/B-2 visa overstay rate were the following.[58][59]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Visitor Visa". United States Department of State.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "B-1 Permissible Activities". United States Customs and Border Protection. July 30, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "9 FAM 402.2: (U) Tourists and Business Visitors and Mexican Border Crossing Cards - B Visas and BCCS". Foreign Affairs Manual. United States Department of State. December 28, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Business Travel to the United States". Bureau of Consular Affairs. United States Department of State. March 2014.
  5. ^ "Business Visa Center FAQs". Bureau of Consular Affairs. United States Department of State. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  6. ^ "Working (Legally) on a Visitor's Visa or Visa Waiver Entry". Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  7. ^ "B-1 Temporary Business Visitor". U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. July 14, 2015.
  8. ^ "B-1 Domestic Workers". Sharma Law Offices, LLC. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  9. ^ "Domestic Employees". U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Mexico. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  10. ^ "Domestic Employees". U.S. Embassy in Argentina. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  11. ^ "INA: Act 214 - Admission of Nonimmigrants". United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.
  12. ^ "A 214(b) Denial: What it Means, What You Can Do". Gudeon & McFadenn Law Firm. August 14, 2018.
  13. ^ "Fees for Visa Services". United States Department of State. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Reciprocity by Country". United States Department of State. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  15. ^ "B-1 Temporary Business Visitor". USCIS. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  16. ^ "B Visa Overview | Immigration.Com - Law Offices of Rajiv S. Khanna, PC". Immigration.Com. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  17. ^ "Extend Your Stay". USCIS. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  18. ^ Tourism and visitors, U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Mexico.
  19. ^ Temporary reciprocity schedule, United States Department of State.
  20. ^ "CBP Announces the Electronic Visa Update System". USCBP. Archived from the original on 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  21. ^ "Electronic Visa Update System (EVUS) Frequently Asked Questions". USCBP. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  22. ^ CBP Launches the Electronic Visa Update System for Early Enrollments
  23. ^ 22 CFR 22.1, HeinOnline, 1 April 1994.
  24. ^ a b Federal Register document number 94-11681, United States Government Publishing Office, 16 May 1994.
  25. ^ 63 FR 5098, United States Government Publishing Office, 30 January 1998.
  26. ^ 67 FR 34831, Federal Register, 16 May 2002.
  27. ^ 67 FR 62884, Federal Register, 9 October 2002.
  28. ^ 72 FR 72243, Federal Register, 20 December 2007.
  29. ^ 75 FR 28188, Federal Register, 20 May 2010.
  30. ^ 77 FR 18907, Federal Register, 29 March 2012.
  31. ^ "Visa Regime for Foreign Citizens". Ministria per Evropën dhe Punët e Jashtme. January 11, 2018. "Foreigners that have a valid visa from the United States of America (USA) or United Kingdom (UK), with multiple entries, that has been used previously to enter that country, and/or those that have a valid Residence Permit in USA or UK."
  32. ^ "Visa on Arrival". Antigua and Barbuda Department of Immigration, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Immigration. Retrieved February 8, 2019. "Visas may be granted on arrival: To persons who are holders of a valid: United States Visa or permanent Resident Card; or A Canadian Visa or permanent Resident Card, or A United Kingdom Visa or Resident Card, or A Schengen Visa."
  33. ^ "Do I Need a Visa?" Belize High Comission London. Retrieved January 8, 2019. "Nationals of the following countries do NOT require a visa to enter Belize as a tourist for a period of up to 30 days. – Any person who is the holder of a valid United States of America (USA) multiple entry visa or a Permanent Residency Card OR a valid Schengen multiple entry visa for a European Union (EU) member state."
  34. ^ "Visas for Bosnia and Herzegovina". Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Kingdom of Norway. "Citizens of countries with which BiH has a visa regime can stay up to 30 days in Bosnia and Herzegovina without visa under condition that they possess a valid multiple-entry visa or residence permit issued by the Schengen Agreement country, European Union Member States or United States of America. Such visas or resident permits should be valid for at least 30 days longer than the date of entry into our country."
  35. ^ "Consular Visa". Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington, D.C.. Retrieved February 8, 2018. "Situations that do not need tourist visa to enter Costa Rica. Nationals of countries that require a VISA to enter Costa Rica are NO LONGER REQUIRED TO APPLY FOR THE VISA if: ... Nationals of countries that require a VISA to enter Costa Rica are NO LONGER REQUIRED TO APPLY FOR THE VISA if: You have a tourist visa, crew visa or business visa of multiple entries to enter the UNITED STATES (exclusivity B1/B2, D and C1/ D of multiple entry) ... This visa must be stamped in the passport and must be valid for a minimum of 1 day from the day you enter Costa Rica. The length of stay may not be greater than the validity of the visa and may not exceed 30 days. ... Your passport must be valid for at least six months from the date of entry into the country and once in Costa Rica, you can remain for a maximum of 30 calendar days, An extension of the stay must be requested at the Office of Migration in Costa Rica."
  36. ^ "Visas". Embassy of the Dominican Republic in the United States of America. Retrieved 18 February 2019. "Any person who can legally travel or reside in the United States, Canada and the European Union (including the United Kingdom) does not need a visa to visit the Dominican Republic for tourist purposes."
  37. ^ "Countries and regions that require a visa to travel to Mexico". Instituto Nacional de Migración. 27 September 2013.
  38. ^ "|- Visa information for Mexico". Timatic.
  39. ^ "Montenegro Visa Regimes". Visit Montenegro. Holders of travel documents containing a valid Schengen visa, a valid visa of the United States of America, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, or a permission to stay in these countries, may enter and stay, or pass through the territory of Montenegro up to 30 days, and not longer than the expiry of visa, if the period of validity of the visa is less than 30 days."
  40. ^ "Travel to Serbia". Embassy of the Republic of Serbia in Washington, D.C. Retrieved February 8, 2019. "Foreign nationals who have a valid US visa or lawful residence in the United States (green card) may enter the Republic of Serbia without visas and stay no longer than 90 days within six month period. Visa must be valid for the whole duration of stay in the Republic of Serbia."
  41. ^ Achkhanian, Mary (29 March 2017). "UAE visa on arrival for Indians with US visa, Green Card". Gulf News.
  42. ^ "FY17 Annual Report: Table XVII (Part I) Nonimmigrant Visas Issued Fiscal Year 2017". United States Department of State.
  43. ^ FY16 Annual Report: Table XVII (Part I) Nonimmigrant Visas Issued Fiscal Year 2016". United States Department of State.
  44. ^ FY15 Annual Report: Table XVII (Part I) Nonimmigrant Visas Issued Fiscal Year 2015". United States Department of State.
  45. ^ "FY14 Annual Report: Table XX Immigrant and Nonimmigrant Visa Ineligibilities (by Grounds for Refusal Under the Immigration and Nationality Act) Fiscal Year 2014". United States Department of State.
  46. ^ "Adjusted Refusal Rate, B Visas Only, By Nationality, Fiscal Year 2008". United States Department of State.
  47. ^ "Adjusted Refusal Rate, B Visas Only, By Nationality, Fiscal Year 2014". United States Department of State.
  48. ^ "Adjusted Refusal Rate, B Visas Only, By Nationality, Fiscal Year 2015". United States Department of State.
  49. ^ "Adjusted Refusal Rate, B Visas Only, By Nationality, Fiscal Year 2016". United States Department of State.
  50. ^ "Adjusted Refusal Rate, B Visas Only, By Nationality, Fiscal Year 2017". United States Department of State.
  51. ^ "2014 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: Table 28 - Homeland Security". United States Department of Homeland Security.
  52. ^ "2015 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: Table 28 - Homeland Security". United States Department of Homeland Security.
  53. ^ "2016 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: Table 28. Nonimmigrant Admissions (I-94 Only) By Selected Category Of Admission And Region And Country Of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 2016". United States Department of Homeland Security.
  54. ^ "2017 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: Table 28. Nonimmigrant Admissions (I-94 Only) By Selected Category Of Admission And Region And Country Of Citizenship: Fiscal Year 2017". United States Department of Homeland Security.
  55. ^ "Entry/Exit Overstay Report Fiscal Year 2015". United States Department of Homeland Security.
  56. ^ Entry/Exit Overstay Report Fiscal Year 2016
  57. ^ "Entry/Exit Overstay Report, Fiscal Year 2017" (PDF). Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  58. ^ "Fiscal Year 2016 Entry/Exit Overstay Report". U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
  59. ^ "Fiscal Year 2017 Entry/Exit Overstay Report". U.S. Department of Homeland Security.