Bělá pod Pradědem
|• Total||92.23 km2 (35.61 sq mi)|
|Elevation||474 m (1,555 ft)|
|• Density||19/km2 (49/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Administrative parts edit
The municipality is made up of villages of Adolfovice, Bělá, Domašov and Filipovice.
The municipality gained its name after the Bělá river and the nearby Praděd mountain.
Bělá pod Pradědem is located about 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Jeseník and 60 km (37 mi) north of Olomouc. The Bělá River flows through the municipality; the villages are located in the valley of the river. The municipality lies in the Hrubý Jeseník mountains. The highest point is the peak of Malý Děd at 1,368 metres (4,488 ft) above sea level; Praděd is located outside the municipal territory.
Both villages of Adolfovice and Domašov were first mentioned in 1284. Both villages were founded in the second half of the 13th century, during the colonization by the bishops of Wrocław, who owned the area. The villages were included within the ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa, which, later on, passed under suzerainty of the Bohemian Crown. In 1772, the hamlet of Filipov/Philippsdorf was founded by bishop Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch, and in 1796 the hamlet of Bělá/Waldenburg was founded by bishop Josepf Christian Franz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein. Both hamlets were joined to Domašov in 1848.
During World War II, the area was occupied by Germany. On 9 October 1939, Luftwaffe military Junkers F 13 (designation R 37/2) on its way from Opole to Olomouc crashed into the forest in Bělá pod Pradědem. All seven soldiers died in the accident and were buried at the cemetery in Domašov.
In Adolfovice, the occupiers operated three forced labour subcamps (E250, E334, E595) of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp. After the war, in 1945, the German population was expelled in accordance with the Beneš decrees, and the area was restored to Czechoslovakia.
The municipality of Bělá pod Pradědem was established in 1961 by merger of municipalities of Adolfovice and Domašov, including the villages of Bělá and Filipovice.
There are two churches in Domašov. The Church of Saint Thomas was built in the Baroque style in 1726–1730.  The Church of Saint John the Baptist is a Neoclassical building with late Baroque elements.
Notable people edit
- Josef Odložil (1938–1993), athlete, Olympic medalist; lived here
Twin towns – sister cities edit
- Tułowice, Poland
Bělá River in Adolfovice
Church of Saint John the Baptist
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.
- "Nejstarší historie obce" (in Czech). Obec Bělá pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
- "V Jeseníkách havarovala stíhačka i Dakota. Jedna z nehod dostane pomník" (in Czech). iDnes. 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
- "Working Parties". Lamsdorf.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1, 11, 104, 120.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Jeseník" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
- "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
- "Kostel sv. Tomáše v Bělé pod Pradědem navrhl žák slavného římského architekta" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 2019-07-17. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
- "Kostel sv. Tomáše Apoštola" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
- "Tułowice – partnerská obec" (in Czech). Obec Bělá pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2022-01-31.