Bělá pod Pradědem (German: Waldenburg) is a municipality in Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,700 inhabitants.

Bělá pod Pradědem
Bělá pod Pradědem in the valley
Bělá pod Pradědem in the valley
Flag of Bělá pod Pradědem
Coat of arms of Bělá pod Pradědem
Bělá pod Pradědem is located in Czech Republic
Bělá pod Pradědem
Bělá pod Pradědem
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°7′54″N 17°12′57″E / 50.13167°N 17.21583°E / 50.13167; 17.21583
Country Czech Republic
First mentioned1284
 • Total92.23 km2 (35.61 sq mi)
474 m (1,555 ft)
 • Total1,741
 • Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
790 01

Administrative parts edit

Bělá village

The municipality is made up of villages of Adolfovice, Bělá, Domašov and Filipovice.

Etymology edit

The municipality gained its name after the Bělá river and the nearby Praděd mountain.

Geography edit

Bělá pod Pradědem is located about 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Jeseník and 60 km (37 mi) north of Olomouc. The Bělá River flows through the municipality; the villages are located in the valley of the river. The municipality lies in the Hrubý Jeseník mountains. The highest point is the peak of Malý Děd at 1,368 metres (4,488 ft) above sea level; Praděd is located outside the municipal territory.

History edit

Both villages of Adolfovice and Domašov were first mentioned in 1284. Both villages were founded in the second half of the 13th century, during the colonization by the bishops of Wrocław, who owned the area. The villages were included within the ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa, which, later on, passed under suzerainty of the Bohemian Crown. In 1772, the hamlet of Filipov/Philippsdorf was founded by bishop Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch, and in 1796 the hamlet of Bělá/Waldenburg was founded by bishop Josepf Christian Franz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein. Both hamlets were joined to Domašov in 1848.[2]

In 1850, the duchy was secularized and dissolved, and the villages were incorporated directly to Bohemia. After World War I, since 1918, the area formed part of Czechoslovakia.

During World War II, the area was occupied by Germany. On 9 October 1939, Luftwaffe military Junkers F 13 (designation R 37/2) on its way from Opole to Olomouc crashed into the forest in Bělá pod Pradědem. All seven soldiers died in the accident and were buried at the cemetery in Domašov.[3]

In Adolfovice, the occupiers operated three forced labour subcamps (E250, E334, E595) of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp.[4] After the war, in 1945, the German population was expelled in accordance with the Beneš decrees, and the area was restored to Czechoslovakia.

The municipality of Bělá pod Pradědem was established in 1961 by merger of municipalities of Adolfovice and Domašov, including the villages of Bělá and Filipovice.[5]

Demographics edit

Historical population
Source: Censuses[6][7]

Sights edit

Church of Saint Thomas

There are two churches in Domašov. The Church of Saint Thomas was built in the Baroque style in 1726–1730. [8] The Church of Saint John the Baptist is a Neoclassical building with late Baroque elements.[9]

Notable people edit

Twin towns – sister cities edit

Bělá pod Pradědem is twinned with:[10]

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.
  2. ^ "Nejstarší historie obce" (in Czech). Obec Bělá pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  3. ^ "V Jeseníkách havarovala stíhačka i Dakota. Jedna z nehod dostane pomník" (in Czech). iDnes. 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  4. ^ "Working Parties". Lamsdorf.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1, 11, 104, 120.
  6. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Jeseník" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  7. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  8. ^ "Kostel sv. Tomáše v Bělé pod Pradědem navrhl žák slavného římského architekta" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 2019-07-17. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
  9. ^ "Kostel sv. Tomáše Apoštola" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
  10. ^ "Tułowice – partnerská obec" (in Czech). Obec Bělá pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2022-01-31.

External links edit