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Autauga County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 54,571.[1] Its county seat is Prattville.[2]

Autauga County
Autauga County Courthouse in Prattville
Autauga County Courthouse in Prattville
Map of Alabama highlighting Autauga County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°32′12″N 86°38′54″W / 32.536666666667°N 86.648333333333°W / 32.536666666667; -86.648333333333
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedNovember 21, 1818
SeatPrattville
Largest cityPrattville
Area
 • Total604.45 sq mi (1,565.5 km2)
 • Land595.97 sq mi (1,543.6 km2)
 • Water8.48 sq mi (22.0 km2)  1.40%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total54,571
 • Estimate 
(2018)
55,601
 • Density90/sq mi (35/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.autaugaco.org
 
  • County Number 04 on Alabama Licence Plates

Autauga County is part of the Montgomery metropolitan area.

HistoryEdit

Autauga County was established on November 21, 1818, by an act of the Alabama Territorial Legislature (one year before Alabama was admitted as a State). As established, the county included present-day Autauga County, as well as Elmore County and Chilton County. At the time, Autauga (aka, Tawasa) Indians lived here, primarily in a village named Atagi (meaning "pure water") situated on the banks of a creek by the same name (called "Pearl Water Creek" by settlers). Autaugas were members of the Alibamu tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in the Creek War. This county was part of the territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814.

The first county seat was at Jackson's Mill, but the court only met there long enough to select a permanent seat at Washington, built on the former site of Atagi in the southeast corner of the county. In 1830, the county seat was moved to a more central location at Kingston and the town of Washington dwindled until it was completely deserted in the late 1830s.

Daniel Pratt arrived in Autauga County in 1833 and founded the new town of Prattville, north of Atagi on the fall line of Autauga Creek. His cotton gin factory quickly became the largest manufacturer of gins in the world and the first major industry in Alabama. It was at his factory, and with his financial backing, that the Prattville Dragoons, a fighting unit for the Confederacy was organized in anticipation of the Civil War. Other units formed in Autauga County included the Autauga Rifles (Autaugaville), The John Steele Guards (western Autauga Co.) and the Varina Rifles (northern Autauga Co.). None of the fighting of the Civil War reached Autauga County, and Pratt was able to secure payment of debts from Northern accounts soon after the war, lessening the disabling effects of the Reconstruction period in the county.

Charles Atwood, a former slave belonging to Daniel Pratt, bought a house in the center of Prattville immediately after emancipation and was one of the founding investors in Pratt's South and North Railroad. The presence of such a prominent African-American family owning land in an Alabama city as early as the 1860s is exceptional.

In 1866 and 1868, Elmore and Chilton counties respectively were split off from Autauga County, and the county seat was moved to the population center of Prattville, where a new courthouse was completed by local builder George L. Smith in 1870. In 1906, a new and larger courthouse was erected in a modified Richardsonian Romanesque style a block north of the older one. The building was designed by Bruce Architectural Co. of Birmingham and built by Dobson & Bynum of Montgomery.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 594 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.4%) is water.[3]

ClimateEdit

The county has a prevailing humid subtropical climate dominated by its location in the Southern Plains ecological sub-region of the United States.[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18203,853
183011,874208.2%
184014,34220.8%
185015,0234.7%
186016,73911.4%
187011,623−30.6%
188013,10812.8%
189013,3301.7%
190017,91534.4%
191020,03811.9%
192018,908−5.6%
193019,6944.2%
194020,9776.5%
195018,186−13.3%
196018,7393.0%
197024,46030.5%
198032,25931.9%
199034,2226.1%
200043,67127.6%
201054,57125.0%
Est. 201855,601[5]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2018[1]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 54,571 people, 20,221 households, and 15,064 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km2). There were 22,135 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.5% White, 17.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.6% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,221 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68, and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,682, and the median income for a family was $66,349. Males had a median income of $49,743 versus $32,592 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,571. About 8.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 18,893 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 3,657 adherents).[11] The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 14,727 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 3,305 members).[11]

GovernmentEdit

The sheriff of Autauga County is Joe Sedinger (R).[12] The legislature is the county commission which consists of five members all of whom are elected from single member districts.

The current Commissioners are:

District 1: Sid Thompson, Republican

District 2: John L. Thrailkill, Republican

District 3: Van Smith, Republican - Vice Chairman

District 4: Jay Thompson, Republican - Chairman

District 5: Larry Stoudemire, Democratic

The Revenue Commissioner for the county is Kathy Evans (R), the Probate Judge is Kim Kervin (R), the Circuit Clerk is Deb Hill (R), the Circuit Judge is Ben Fuller (R), the District Attorney is Randall Houston (R) and the District Judge is Joy Booth (R).

Presidential elections results
Autauga County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 72.8% 18,172 23.8% 5,963 3.5% 865
2012 72.5% 17,379 26.5% 6,363 1.0% 231
2008 73.6% 17,403 25.8% 6,093 0.6% 145
2004 75.7% 15,196 23.7% 4,758 0.6% 127
2000 69.7% 11,993 28.7% 4,942 1.6% 273
1996 61.7% 9,509 32.5% 5,015 5.9% 898
1992 55.9% 8,715 30.9% 4,819 13.2% 2,051
1988 67.2% 7,828 31.5% 3,667 1.4% 159
1984 70.1% 8,350 28.2% 3,366 1.7% 201
1980 56.9% 6,292 38.8% 4,295 4.3% 476
1976 48.3% 4,512 49.7% 4,640 2.0% 186
1972 75.2% 5,367 22.3% 1,593 2.5% 180
1968 7.8% 606 20.0% 1,553 72.2% 5,617
1964 85.8% 2,969 14.2% 490
1960 45.3% 1,149 52.2% 1,324 2.6% 65
1956 37.5% 857 50.8% 1,161 11.8% 269
1952 34.1% 787 65.2% 1,505 0.7% 16
1948 8.6% 110 91.4% 1,176
1944 8.6% 117 91.1% 1,242 11.8% 5
1940 5.7% 99 93.6% 1,630 0.7% 12
1936 5.2% 84 94.3% 1,525 0.5% 8
1932 9.4% 138 89.7% 1,322 0.9% 13
1928 43.6% 683 56.4% 883 0.0% 0
1924 15.3% 146 81.9% 781 2.8% 27
1920 18.4% 210 80.6% 918 1.0% 11
1916 11.1% 99 87.1% 773 1.8% 16
1912 5.1% 43 73.3% 622 21.6% 183
1908 12.9% 97 87.1% 655 0.0% 0
1904 9.0% 73 89.8% 733 1.2% 10

EducationEdit

The Autauga County School System is the county's public school system.

East Memorial Christian Academy is located in an unincorporated area of the county, near Prattville.[14]

Places of interestEdit

Autauga County is home to several parks, such as Wilderness Park, Cooters Pond Park, Pratt Park, Swift Creek Park, Newton Park, Spinners Park, Heritage Park, and Overlook Memorial Park.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost townEdit

Notable peopleEdit

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  4. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service Ecoregions and Subregions of the United States, compiled and edited by W. Henry McNab and Robert G. Bailey, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1994.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ a b "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
  12. ^ "Autauga County - Alabama Sheriffs Association - Alabama". www.alabamasheriffs.com. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  14. ^ "Home Archived August 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine." East Memorial Christian Academy. Retrieved on August 3, 2013. "1320 Old Ridge Road Prattville, Alabama 36066"
  15. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  16. ^ "School History". Lanier High School. Jackson (MS) Public Schools. Retrieved 20 Oct 2017. Lanier was first organized as a junior-senior high school in 1925 providing instruction for pupils from the seventh through the twelfth grades.

External linksEdit