Asker (Norwegian: Asker), properly called Askerbygda in Norwegian, is a district and former municipality in Akershus, Norway. From 2020 it is part of the larger administrative municipality Asker, Viken (also known as Greater Asker) in Viken county, together with the traditional Buskerud districts Røyken and Hurum; Asker proper constitutes the northern fourth and is part of the Greater Oslo Region. The administrative centre was the town of Asker, which remains so for the new larger municipality. Asker was established as a parish in the Middle Ages and as a municipality on 1 January 1838.
|Coordinates: 59°50′7″N 10°26′6″E / 59.83528°N 10.43500°ECoordinates: 59°50′7″N 10°26′6″E / 59.83528°N 10.43500°E|
|• Mayor (2007)||Lene Conradi (H)|
|• Total||101 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|• Land||97 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|• Rank||#385 in Norway|
(30 September 2019)
|• Rank||#11 in Norway|
|• Density||585/km2 (1,520/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||+15.7%|
|• Norwegian form||Bokmål|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0220|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Since the Middle Ages, the Asker parish consisted of the later municipalities Asker and Bærum. In the 19th century Bærum became the Vestre Bærum and Østre Bærum parish, and Asker and Bærum were also established as separate municipalities.
In 2020, Asker municipality merged with Røyken and Hurum to form Asker, Viken, a larger administrative region than traditional/geographical Asker.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Asker farm, since the first church was built here. The name (Old Norse: Askar) is the plural form of ask which means "ash tree".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 7 October 1975. The arms show a green background with three silver-colored tree trunks (Norwegian: askekaller) and are thus canting arms. The trees are ashes, which were cropped every year to provide food for the animals. The trees thus developed after many years a very typical shape, which was characteristic for the area.
Place of the MillenniumEdit
In 1998, just before the millennium, the 'Askerbøringer' (the inhabitants of Asker) elected the beautiful area of Semsvannet including the mountain ridge Skaugumsåsen – to be their Place of the Millennium.
Its main parts are Asker, Gullhella, Vollen, Vettre, Blakstad, Bleiker, Borgen, Drengsrud, Dikemark, Vardåsen, Engelsrud, Holmen, Høn, Hvalstad, Billingstad, Nesøya, Nesbru, and Heggedal. Asker is a coastal place with many beaches, but also contains hills and woods. The district is known for many important businesses. It is also known for gardening. The Skaugum estate, where Crown Prince Haakon of Norway lives with his family, is situated here. The first IKEA store outside of Sweden opened at Slependen in Asker in 1963. There are many hiking/ sightseeing spots around Asker; such as Semsvannet lake and Drengsrud cultural path around the area.
As part of the municipality reform process instigated by Minister of Local Government Jan Tore Sanner the municipalities of Asker, Hurum and Røyken evaluated if they should merge into a new common municipality during the first half of 2016. A tentative agreement was reached and on 16 June 2016 the Municipal Council of Røyken approved the merger with Asker and Hurum with 24 votes for and 3 against. On 14 June 2016 the Municipal Council of Asker also approved the merger with 42 votes for and 5 against. A few days later the Municipal Council of Hurum followed suit and approved the merger. The proposed merger date was 1 January 2020 and the new name will be Asker. Asker was merged with the municipalities of Røyken and Hurum as of 1 January 2020.
Although Asker is principally a rural municipality, the expansion of Oslo has resulted in its becoming an affluent suburb. Thus numerous celebrities now reside in the area. According to SSB (Statistics Norway), Asker ranks as the 2nd wealthiest municipality in Norway based on median household income.
Asker is also the home of sports club IF Frisk Asker; the club won the Norwegian Hockey championship in 1975, 1979, 2002 and 2019. Asker Skiklubb is the largest sports club in Norway. It has a long history dating back to 1889. Many of Asker's famous people have been successful individuals associated with the sports club.
The city is the home of Asker svømmeklubb. Asker women's football club has been home to many international players including four who played in the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup in China.
Asker is politically dominated by the conservatives, and the mayor is Lene Conradi who represents the Conservative Party of Norway (Høyre).
Asker Church (Asker Kirke) is located not far from Skaugum in Asker. The neo-Gothic red brick church was built during 1879 based upon designs by architect Jacob Wilhelm Nordan. The church renovation in 1930 was led by the architects Gudolf Blakstad and Herman Munthe-Kaas. Architect Arnstein Arneberg was in charge of the renovation in the 1950s. The church was the sight of the wedding of Princess Ragnhild and Erling Lorentzen in 1953. The statue of Crown Princess Märtha in front of the church was designed by sculptor Dyre Vaa in 1957.
In 1916 (or 1917) the Arctic expedition ship Maud was built in nearby Vollen and launched into Oslofjord. The ship was designed and built especially for Roald Amundsen and sailed through the Northeast Passage between 1918 and 1924. Sold to the Hudson's Bay Company as the supply vessel Baymaud she sank at Cambridge Bay, Northwest Territories (now Nunavut), Canada in 1930. In 1990, the ship was sold by the Hudson's Bay Company to Asker town with the expectation that she would be returned there; however the export permit expired due to the 230 million kroner () cost to repair and move the ship. In 2011 a new project was commenced to salvage Maud and transport her to a new museum to be built at Vollen.
On 31 July 2016 it was reported that the hull of Maud had been raised to the surface and placed on a barge in preparation for shipment to Norway. In August 2017 Maud began the journey back to Norway; she was towed through the Northwest Passage. In September 2017 she arrived in Greenland to stay for the winter. Maud arrived in Bergen on 6 August 2018, finally returning to Norway nearly a century after her departure with Amundsen. She was then towed along the Norwegian coast, and arrived at Vollen on 18 August.
- Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (born 1973) the family lives in Skaugum
- Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway (born 1973)
- Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 2004)
- Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway (born 2005)
- Einar Gerhardsen (1897 in Asker – 1987) Prime Minister of Norway 1940s to 1960s
- Dagny Berger (1903 in Asker – 1950) Norway's first woman aviator
- Anders Lange (1904 in Nordstrand – 1974), politician, founded the Progress Party (Norway)
- Arne Skaare (1907-1981) politician, Mayor of Asker municipality from 1956 to 1967
- Jens Evensen (1917–2004 in Asker), Norwegian lawyer, judge, politician, member of the International Law Commission and judge at the International Court of Justice in The Hague
- Hans Christen Mamen (1919 in Asker – 2009) a resistance member, local historian and priest
- Sverre Bergh (1920 in Asker – 2006) an engineer and spy in Nazi Germany during WWII
- Erik Gjems-Onstad, MBE (1922–2011) resistance member and lawyer; lived in Hvalstad
- Jon Fossum (1923 in Hvalstad – 2007) orienteer and Mayor of Asker municipality 1968/80
- Berit Ås (born 1928) former Asker councillor, psychologist and feminist
- Jan Martin Larsen (born 1938) cartographer, orienteer and Asker councillor 1995 to 2007
- Eyvind W. Wang (born 1942) politician, Mayor of Asker 1980 to 1995 and car mechanic
- Morten Strand (born 1947) politician, Mayor of Asker 1995 to 2007 and footballer
- Valgerd Svarstad Haugland (born 1956) politician, county Governor of Oslo and Akershus 2011/18
- Beate Gangås (born 1963 in Asker) LGBT Oslo Chief of Police
- Axel Ender (1853 in Asker - 1920) a Norwegian genre painter and sculptor
- Hulda Garborg (1862–1934) playwright, poet and folk dancer; lived in Hvalstad from 1897
- Nini Roll Anker (1873–1942 in Asker) writer, lived in Lillehaugen
- Christian Hartmann (1910 in Asker – 1985) a Norwegian composer
- Alf Prøysen (1914–1970), singer, songwriter and writer; lived in Semsvannet in his youth
- Grete Nordrå (1924 in Asker – 2012) a Norwegian screen actress 
- Erik Bye (1926–2004), journalist, singer, TV personality; lived in Hvalstad
- Tom Tellefsen (1931 in Asker – 2012) a Norwegian actor 
- Arild Nyquist (1938–2004), poet, painter and singer/songwriter; grew up on Røa
- Wenche Myhre (born 1947 in Kjelsås) singer 
- Espen Rud (born 1948 in Asker) a jazz drummer, composer and music arranger
- Brit Elisabeth Haagensli (born 1953) an actress and singer, grew up in Asker 
- Jan Knudsen (born 1957) crime writer, grew up in Asker
- Morten Harket (born 1959) singer in a-ha, grew up in Asker
- Vigdis Hjorth (born 1959) author, lives in Asker
- Kåre Conradi (born 1972 in Asker) a Norwegian actor 
- Svein Magnus Furu (born 1983 in Asker) jazz saxophonist, composer and music journalist
- Nina Fjalestad (born 1993 in Asker) a model, dancer and Miss Globe International 2011
- Vilde Marie Zeiner (born 1999 in Asker) a Norwegian actress 
- Johan Ferner (1927 in Asker – 2015) sailor, team silver medallist 1952 Summer Olympics
- Harald Stenvaag (born 1953) rifle shooter, two Olympic medals, runs a shop in Asker
- Linda Medalen (born 1965) former footballer with 152 caps with Norway women, police officer and local councillor
- Halvard Hanevold (1969 in Asker – 2019) biathlete, multiple Olympic Gold medallist
- Jan Frode Andersen (born 1972 in Asker) a Norwegian former tennis player
- Pål Arne Fagernes (1974 in Asker – 2003), Javelin thrower and boxer
- Tone Gunn Frustøl (born 1975 in Asker) former footballer, with 32 caps for Norway women and Olympic medalist.
- Tom Hilde (born 1987 in Asker) ski jumper, bronze medallist at the 2010 Winter Olympics
- Erik Follestad Johansen (born 1989 in Asker) former ice hockey player
- twins Harald Østberg Amundsen & Hedda Østberg Amundsen (born 1998 in Asker) cross-country skiers
- Sander Berge (born 1998 in Asker) footballer
- Oskar Spiten-Nysæter (born 2007 in Asker) footballer
- Tanjim Mishkat (born 2007 in Dhaka) footballer
- ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
- ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway
- ^ Johnsen, Morten Gisle (25 May 2016). "Nå er alt klart for "Stor-Asker" – også Ap vil sammen med Røyken og Hurum". www.budstikka.no.
- ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 17 December 2008.
- ^ "Askers kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Asker kommune. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
- ^ "Semsvannet lake – walk". akershus.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- ^ "Drengsrud cultural path – walk". akershus.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- ^ a b "Røyken sier ja til sammenslåing" (in Norwegian). Røyken kommune. 16 June 2016. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- ^ "Kommunestyret vedtok sammenslåing" (in Norwegian). Asker kommune. 14 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
- ^ "Asker kirke". Kulturminnesøk. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- ^ "Underwater Treasure of Cambridge Bay". Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
- ^ "Saving the Maud". Nunavut News/North Monday. 20 August 2007.
- ^ "Cambridge Bay at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre". Archived from the original on 9 August 2007.
- ^ Norway wants Amundsen’s Maud back from Nunavut
- ^ CBC News: The Maud floats again: Norwegians bring long-sunken ship to surface
- ^ Ship that sank in Cambridge Bay 87 years ago finally on journey home to Norway
- ^ Cambridge Bay prepares to bid adieu to the Maud as Norwegian mayor visits community
- ^ "Maud Returns to Norway". The Maritime Executive. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 27 February 2021
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 27 February 2021
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 25 February 2021
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 26 February 2021
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 26 February 2021
- ^ IMDb Database retrieved 27 February 2021
- ^ "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Asker kommune. Archived from the original on 8 August 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
- ^ "Sister cities of Jakobstad". jakobstad.fi. Archived from the original on 2 August 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Akershus travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Asker municipality's official website (in Norwegian)
- / Asker sentrum
- Asker Museum (in Norwegian)
- Asker public library
- Asker skiklubb (in Norwegian)
- Visit Asker – official website and visitors guide for Asker
- Frisk Asker Tigers (in Norwegian)
- Budstikka (local newspaper for Asker and Bærum) (in Norwegian)
- Asker videregående skole (School for Upper Secondary Education) (in Norwegian)
- The Open University in Asker (Folkeuniversitetet) (in Norwegian)
- Church of Asker (in Norwegian)
- Asker Svømmeklubb (in Norwegian)