Garðabær

Garðabær (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈkarðapair̥]) is a municipality in the Capital Region of Iceland.

Garðabær
Garðakirkja in Garðabær, Iceland
Garðakirkja in Garðabær, Iceland
Coat of arms of Garðabær
Coat of arms
Location of Garðabær
Location of Garðabær
CountryIceland
RegionCapital Region
ConstituencySouthwest Constituency
Established1878
Market right1 January 1976
Government
Area
 • Total76 km2 (29 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total16,924
 • Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
210–225
Municipal number1300
Websitegardabaer.is

HistoryEdit

Garðabær is a growing town in the Capital Region. It is the sixth largest town in Iceland with a population of 13,872 (Sept 1, 2013).

The site of Garðabær has been inhabited since Iceland was first settled in the 9th century. Landnámabók, the Book of Settlement, tells of two farms on the site of Garðabær: Vífilsstaðir and Skúlastaðir. The former was named after Vífill, who was a slave of Ingólfur Arnarson, the first settler of Iceland. Ingólfur gave Vífill his freedom and he made his home at Vífilsstaðir.

FacilitiesEdit

The only IKEA store in Iceland is located in Garðabær, as is the only Costco store. The town is also home to Marel hf., the largest company on NASDAQ OMX Iceland by market capitalisation.[when?][2]

380 studios, the TV studio for the children's television programmes LazyTown and LazyTown Extra and the headquarters for Lazytown Entertainment, is located in the town.

EducationEdit

Among schools in the town are 7 elementary schools including Sjálandsskóli.

Sjálandsskóli was established in 2005.[3] and hosts the International School of Iceland

SportsEdit

The town's main sports club is Stjarnan, best known for its men's football team that plays in the Icelandic Premier League and won the competition for the first time in 2014. The club's women's football section has been even more successful; it is the currently reigning champion of the Icelandic Women's Premier League and has won four of the last six titles. The Oddur Golf Club was established in 1990 and has hosted the Icelandic Golf Championship in 2006 and the European Ladies' Amateur Team Championship in 2016. Award-winning dancer Hanna Rún Óladóttir lives in Garðabær.

MusicEdit

Musicians from Garðabær include members of Of Monsters and Men, Mínus, Dikta and Ourlives. Brothers Ómar and Óskar Guðjónsson of ADHD, as well as Pétur Ben and Ragnheiður Gröndal, all hail from the town. Guitarist Björn Thoroddsen was named Garðabær Artist of 2002.

SurroundsEdit

There are many nature reserves surrounding Garðabær, and the view from various sites in Garðabær is spectacular. From many areas in Garðabær the impressive Snæfellsjökull (Snæfells Glacier) can be seen to the north-west, as well as Mt. Esja, and there is also a good view over the capital Reykjavík and the neighbouring town of Kópavogur. The view to the south includes the mountains of the Reykjanes Peninsula.

BessastaðahreppurEdit

Bessastaðahreppur was a municipality in Iceland that is now part of Garðabær.

International Cities of FriendshipEdit

Bessastaðahreppur's Cities of Friendship as at January 1, 2007:

NatureEdit

The Bessastaðahreppur (or Álftanes) area is primarily a residential area. There are fine mountain views. Many rare shore birds breed here along the beaches.

The Bessastaðir manor farmEdit

The official residence of the president of Iceland, built in 1766, heavily renovated over the years.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Garðabær is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by municipalities, sex and age 1 January 1998-2019 - Current municipalities". PX-Web. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Shares". Nasdaq OMX. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  3. ^ "Skólinn". Sjálandsskóli. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Jólatré frá vinabænum Asker". gardabaer.is (in Icelandic). Garðabær. 2017-11-24. Retrieved 2020-02-12.