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Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004) is the elder child of Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit. She is second in line to succeed her grandfather King Harald V. A member of the House of Glücksburg, she is expected to become the country's second female monarch, after the 15th-century Queen Margaret.

Princess Ingrid Alexandra
Ingrid Alexandra de Norvège.png
Princess Ingrid Alexandra in 2018
Born (2004-01-21) 21 January 2004 (age 15)
The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Full name
Ingrid Alexandra
HouseGlücksburg
FatherHaakon, Crown Prince of Norway
MotherMette-Marit Tjessem Høiby

Birth and baptismEdit

 
Princess Ingrid Alexandra with her father in 2007

Born on 21 January 2004 at 9:13 am in The National Hospital the Oslo University Hospital in Oslo, Princess Ingrid Alexandra is the first child and only daughter of Crown Prince Haakon, heir apparent to the throne, and the second granddaughter of King Harald V and Queen Sonja. Her mother, Crown Princess Mette-Marit, has a son named Marius Borg Høiby, born in 1997 from a previous relationship.[1] Following Ingrid Alexandra's birth, the already well-regarded royal family experienced an upsurge of popularity.[2]

Ingrid Alexandra was baptised by Bishop Gunnar Stålsett in the chapel of the Royal Palace on 17 April 2004. Her paternal grandfather the King, her aunt Princess Märtha Louise, the Crown Prince of Denmark, the Crown Princess of Sweden, the then Prince of Asturias, and her maternal grandmother Marit Tjessem were her godparents.[1] The Crown Prince of Denmark and The Prince of Asturias were unable to attend the christening due to their respective weddings scheduled to occur within a month of the christening.[3]

On 31 August 2019, Ingrid Alexandra was confirmed in the Palace Chapel in Oslo with all her godparents present.[4][5]

EducationEdit

Ingrid Alexandra started her first day of school on 19 August 2010 at Jansløkka elementary school, a local state school attended by her half-brother. Her parents chose the school because they wanted her to have as ordinary a childhood as possible. Newspaper reports said Princess Ingrid Alexandra would walk to school with her half-brother, and local citizens could expect to see her occasionally out in the community with her classmates on school outings. School officials hoped to make the school a place where the princess could make friends and enjoy some relief from public scrutiny.[6]

On 17 June 2014, the Norwegian Royal Family notified the public that from the start of the 2014–2015 school year, Princess Ingrid Alexandra would transfer to the private English-language Oslo International School, reportedly because her parents wanted her to be fluent in English.[7] Her younger brother Sverre Magnus was to transfer to Oslo's Montessori school.[8][9]

On 27 May 2019, it was announced that Princess Ingrid Alexandra would transfer to Oslo's Uranienborg School in 2020 to complete her upper secondary education.[10]

ActivitiesEdit

On 19 June 2010, Princess Ingrid Alexandra served as a bridesmaid at the wedding of her godmother, the Crown Princess of Sweden.[11] In December 2012, the Princess attended an interview with her father by a Norwegian television programme in aid of Environmental Agents, the children's environmental organization. Her mother was supposed to attend, but the Crown Prince attended instead as the Crown Princess was ill.[12] She has taken part in traditional celebrations of the Constitution Day, as well as the traditional ski jumping tournament at Holmenkollen in Oslo.[1]

On 4 May 2015, Princess Ingrid Alexandra christened the Norwegian Rescue Company’s new lifeboat, Elias that she has been made godmother of.

In 2016, the Princess Ingrid Alexandra Sculpture Park opened in the Palace Park, with sculptures made for children and by children. The Princess takes active part herself in choosing the designs from among the contributions to the sculpture park from school children all over Norway.[13]

On 12 February 2016, the Princess and her grandfather participated in the opening ceremony of the Winter Youth Olympics in Lillehammer. While the King declared open the Games, the Princess lit the cauldron.[14] Her father Crown Prince Haakon did the same thing 22 years before, during the opening of the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer in 1994.

 
Royal monogram

Constitutional statusEdit

The Constitution of Norway was altered in 1990 to introduce absolute primogeniture, ensuring that the crown would pass to the eldest child regardless of sex but keeping the Crown Prince ahead of his elder sister, Princess Märtha Louise; the change was to apply for the first time to their children.[15][16] Princess Ingrid Alexandra has thus been second in the line of succession since birth, preceded only by her father. Because of the reform, her status was not affected by the subsequent birth of her brother, Prince Sverre Magnus, in 2005.[1] The Princess is expected to become Norway's first female monarch since Queen Margaret, who reigned over Norway, Denmark and Sweden from the late 1380s until her death in 1412.[17]

Along with her parents and grandparents – but unlike her brother, half-brother Marius, and other relatives – Princess Ingrid Alexandra is a member of the Norwegian Royal House. The family belongs to the House of Glücksburg.[18]

The Norwegian royal family is also in the line of succession to the British throne, being descended from the British King Edward VII's daughter Maud;[19][20] Princess Ingrid Alexandra is preceded by her brother in the British line due to male-preference cognatic primogeniture that was in place at the time of her birth.[21]

In popular cultureEdit

Princess Ingrid Alexandra was mentioned in a 2010 episode of The Simpsons, "Once Upon a Time in Springfield". Lisa Simpson's teacher, who was wearied by all of the reports by the girls of her class about various princesses as inspirational women, said there had been two reports about "baby Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway".[22]

Title, style and honourEdit

 
Coat of arms of princes and princesses of Norway

Ingrid Alexandra is styled as "Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway".

National honourEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Her Royal Highness The Princess". www.royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. Princess Ingrid Alexandra, born on 21 January 2004. Second in line for the Norwegian throne after her father, The Crown Prince.
  2. ^ Hayford O'Leary, Margaret (2010). Culture and Customs of Norway. ABC-CLIO. p. 16. ISBN 0313362483. .
  3. ^ "Ingrid Alexandra Christening".
  4. ^ Princess confirmed The Royal House of Norway, 31 Ausust 2019
  5. ^ Princess Ingrid Alexandra's confirmation: The Princess' speech of thanks The Royal House of Norway, 31 Ausust 2019
  6. ^ Nilsen, Helle; Stalsberg, Trine (19 August 2010). "Historisk skolestart". Nettavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Princess Ingrid of Norway starts first day at new school on proud mum Mette-Marit's birthday". Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  8. ^ Svarstad, Jørgen; Hagesæther, Pål Vegard (17 June 2014). "Kronprins-barna på private skoler". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  9. ^ "New schools". Scandinavian Royals blog.
  10. ^ "Bytter skole". Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Ten young bridesmaids and page boys at the wedding at Stockholm Cathedral". kungahuset.se (Press release). Swedish Royal Court. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  12. ^ N/A, Gunhild (23 December 2012). "Se prinsessen i Julemorgen!". NRK Super (in Norwegian). NRK. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  13. ^ Princess Ingrid Alexandra and Queen Sonja unveiled new statues in Palace Park in Oslo royalcentral.co.uk, 7 June 2018
  14. ^ "Princess Ingrid Alexandra lit the Olympic fire". Norway Today. 12 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Order of succession". www.royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Her Highness Princess Märtha Louise". www.royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2013. A constitutional amendment adopted in 1990 established the right of eldest born child to succeed to the Throne regardless of gender; however, as the amendment entered into force long after the Princess and Crown Prince were born, it was decided that males would continue to take precedence over females for children born prior to 1990.
  17. ^ Thompson, Wayne C. (2013). Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2013. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 147580489X. .
  18. ^ "The Royal Family". www.royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court.
  19. ^ Reynolds, Roger (1982). Who's who in the royal family: the first one hundred and fifty in line of succession to the British throne. Proteus Pub. Co. ISBN 0862760194. .
  20. ^ Hamilton, Alan (1986). The Royal 100: a who's who of the first 100 people in line of succession to the British throne. Pavilion. ISBN 0907516939. .
  21. ^ Kidd, Charles; Shaw, Christine (2008). Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2008. Debrett's Peerage Limited. p. 129. ISBN 1870520807. .
  22. ^ "Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway Turns 6 Years Old". royaltyinthenews.com. 21 January 2010. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. Okay. So far for inspirational women day, we've had 1 Princess Anne, 15 Dianas, 2 baby Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway and 1 Princess Leia.
  23. ^ http://www.kongehuset.no/binfil/download2.php?tid=133159
  24. ^ http://image.gala.de/v1/cms/-k/thronjubilaeum-norwegen-da3_9883809-ORIGINAL-imageGallery_standard.jpg?v=12848351

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