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Ashtabula County, Ohio

Ashtabula County [æʃtəˈbjuːlə] is the northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,497.[1] The county seat is Jefferson.[2] The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 1811.[3] The name[4] Ashtabula derives from Lenape language ashte-pihële, 'always enough (fish) to go around, to be given away';[5] contraction from apchi 'always'[6] + tepi 'enough' + hële (verb of motion).[7]

Ashtabula County
Ashtabula County Courthouse
Official seal of Ashtabula County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ashtabula County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°53′N 80°46′W / 41.89°N 80.76°W / 41.89; -80.76
Country United States
State Ohio
FoundedMay 1, 1811
Named forLenape ashtepihële 'always enough fish to go around'
SeatJefferson
Largest cityAshtabula
Area
 • Total1,368 sq mi (3,540 km2)
 • Land702 sq mi (1,820 km2)
 • Water666 sq mi (1,720 km2)  49%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
97,493
 • Density145/sq mi (56/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district14th
Websitewww.co.ashtabula.oh.us

Ashtabula County comprises the Ashtabula, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

The county is probably best known for having nineteen covered bridges within the county limits, including both the longest and the shortest covered bridges in the United States. Grapes are a popular crop and there are several award-winning wineries in the region owing to the favorable microclimate created by the nearby lake.[8] During the winter, Ashtabula County (along with neighboring Geauga and Lake Counties, as well as Crawford and Erie Counties in neighboring Pennsylvania) receives frequent lake-effect snow and is part of the Southeastern Lake Erie Snowbelt.

HistoryEdit

After Europeans arrived in the Americas, the land that became Ashtabula County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

GeographyEdit

 
Seal of the Ashtabula County Auditor

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,368 square miles (3,540 km2), of which 702 square miles (1,820 km2) is land and 666 square miles (1,720 km2) (49%) is water.[9] It is the largest county in Ohio by area.[10]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Across Lake Erie lie Elgin and Norfolk Counties, Ontario, Canada (north).

Major highwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18207,382
183014,58497.6%
184023,72462.7%
185028,76721.3%
186031,81410.6%
187032,5172.2%
188037,13914.2%
189043,65517.5%
190051,44817.9%
191059,54715.7%
192065,54510.1%
193068,6314.7%
194068,6740.1%
195078,69514.6%
196093,06718.3%
197098,2375.6%
1980104,2156.1%
199099,821−4.2%
2000102,7282.9%
2010101,497−1.2%
Est. 201897,493[11]−3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010-2017[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 102,728 people, 39,397 households, and 27,774 families residing in the county. The population density was 146 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 43,792 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.07% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 2.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.3% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.6% English, 10.5% Irish, and 10.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 2.4% Spanish, and 0.8% German as their first language.[17]

There were 39,397 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,607, and the median income for a family was $42,449. Males had a median income of $33,105 versus $22,624 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,814. About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 101,497 people, 39,363 households, and 26,495 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 144.6 inhabitants per square mile (55.8/km2). There were 46,099 housing units at an average density of 65.7 per square mile (25.4/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 92.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 15.8% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 11.1% were Italian, 10.0% were American, and 5.8% were Polish.[20]

Of the 39,363 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families, and 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 41.0 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,139 and the median income for a family was $50,227. Males had a median income of $40,879 versus $30,156 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,898. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[21]

PoliticsEdit

Ashtabula County had voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election between 1988–2012; however, in 2016 it voted for Donald Trump. Trump captured the largest majority in the county since President Nixon in 1972 & he is also the first Republican presidential candidate to carry Ashtabula County since 1984.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 56.6% 23,318 37.8% 15,577 5.5% 2,285
2012 42.4% 18,298 55.1% 23,803 2.5% 1,099
2008 42.0% 18,949 55.5% 25,027 2.4% 1,100
2004 46.3% 21,038 53.0% 24,060 0.7% 309
2000 45.5% 17,940 50.2% 19,831 4.3% 1,701
1996 34.3% 13,287 50.0% 19,341 15.7% 6,094
1992 30.8% 13,254 43.8% 18,843 25.4% 10,931
1988 45.8% 17,654 53.3% 20,536 1.0% 366
1984 52.3% 21,669 46.7% 19,344 0.9% 384
1980 49.0% 19,847 42.9% 17,363 8.1% 3,257
1976 43.7% 16,885 54.1% 20,883 2.2% 857
1972 59.0% 22,762 39.0% 15,052 2.1% 794
1968 46.7% 17,058 45.8% 16,738 7.6% 2,759
1964 35.4% 13,183 64.6% 24,104
1960 53.9% 22,406 46.1% 19,155
1956 64.7% 24,165 35.3% 13,195
1952 61.2% 23,185 38.8% 14,676
1948 54.3% 15,389 44.3% 12,560 1.3% 377
1944 56.3% 17,181 43.7% 13,319
1940 56.1% 18,491 43.9% 14,454
1936 46.7% 14,025 48.2% 14,468 5.1% 1,517
1932 55.3% 15,644 40.3% 11,386 4.4% 1,252
1928 75.1% 18,870 23.7% 5,951 1.2% 297
1924 69.2% 14,767 10.0% 2,135 20.8% 4,435
1920 69.7% 14,099 26.8% 5,413 3.5% 717
1916 52.3% 6,608 42.0% 5,306 5.6% 712
1912 18.0% 2,214 25.8% 3,181 56.2% 6,913
1908 63.3% 8,213 27.5% 3,572 9.1% 1,185
1904 75.9% 8,906 14.0% 1,647 10.1% 1,182
1900 70.7% 9,272 26.2% 3,438 3.1% 405
1896 67.7% 8,557 30.4% 3,840 1.9% 242
1892 63.6% 6,419 27.4% 2,769 9.0% 910
1888 67.4% 7,164 25.2% 2,675 7.5% 792
1884 69.4% 7,269 25.2% 2,643 5.4% 560
1880 72.9% 6,926 24.1% 2,286 3.1% 291
1876 74.3% 6,771 25.2% 2,294 0.5% 47
1872 77.0% 5,764 22.4% 1,678 0.6% 48

CultureEdit

Ashtabula County (along with neighboring Lake County) fostered a very large Finnish American community around the turn of the twentieth century, and as a result, the area is home to many Finnish Americans.

Ashtabula County has eighteen extant covered bridges. Of these, nine were constructed prior to 1900. See List of Ashtabula County covered bridges.

CommunitiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Cross, Tom (2008). Fishing Ohio: An Angler's Guide to Over 200 Fishing Spots in the Buckeye State. Lyons Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7627-4326-1.
  5. ^ Mahr, August C. (November 1959). "Practical Reasons for Algonkian Indian Stream and Place Names". Ohio Journal of Science. 59 (6): 365–375. ISSN 0030-0950. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  6. ^ "apchi". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "tèpihële". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  8. ^ "Ferrante Winery brings home the gold". The Ashtabula Wave. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  10. ^ "Ashtabula, Lake are Ohio's largest and smallest counties by area". cleveland.com. January 18, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  23. ^ "Chester Hardy Aldrich". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.

External linksEdit