Geauga County, Ohio
Geauga County (// jee-AW-gə) is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 93,389. The county seat is Chardon. The county is named for an Onondaga or Seneca language word meaning 'raccoon', originally the name of the Grand River.
Geauga County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
|Founded||March 1, 1806|
|Named for||an Iroquoian word for "raccoon"|
|• Total||408 sq mi (1,060 km2)|
|• Land||400 sq mi (1,000 km2)|
|• Water||8.1 sq mi (21 km2) 2.0%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||233/sq mi (90/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Geauga County is part of the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2008, Forbes Magazine ranked Geauga County as the fourth best place in America to raise a family.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Education
- 7 Government
- 8 Communities
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Geauga County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, and then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.
Geauga County was founded on March 1, 1806 as the second county in the Connecticut Western Reserve, originating from Trumbull County, Ohio. In 1808, the size of Geauga County was reduced by the creation of Ashtabula County, Cuyahoga County, and Lake County.
The present-day boundaries were established in 1840 following the creation of Lake County. A disagreement about the location of the county seat began in 1808 when commissioners from Trumbull County began the process of identifying the seat of justice. Residents in the northern townships wanted the seat in Champion, renamed Painesville, Ohio in 1832. Residents in southern townships desired a centrally located county seat and took advantage of a tract of land donated by Peter Chardon Brooks called Chardon, Ohio. Despite Chardon being selected in 1809, the argument was never really settled. Over the next two decades, population growth in the seven northern townships exceeded the remaining sixteen southern townships, further fueling the disagreement. On January 21, 1840, a petition to create Lake County from seven townships in northern Geauga County and Willoughby Township from Cuyahoga County were presented to the Ohio House of Representatives. Seabury Ford presented petitions against its creation. Lake County was established in March 1840 by the Ohio state legislature. As the newly formed Lake County did not have sufficient territory to meet the requirements for a county, the northern border included submerged land beneath the waters of Lake Erie.
Geauga County receives the most precipitation of any county in northern Ohio, with most of the county receiving over 42 inches annually in an average year, and some parts exceeding 44 inches.
The geography of Geauga County was radically changed by Illinoian and Wisconsinan glaciation, which is evident in the deranged drainage system, landscape change, and glacial till. The headwaters of three watercourses in the Lake Erie basin are in Geauga County. These include the Cuyahoga River, Chagrin River, and Grand River. Portions of all three are designated Ohio Scenic Rivers.
Point sources of the east branch of the Cuyahoga River are in Hambden Township, Claridon Township, and Burton Township,. The point source of the west branch of the Cuyahoga River is near the intersection of Pond and Rapids Roads in Burton Township.
The point sources of the east branch of the Chagrin River are at Bass Lake in Munson Township and the southwest corner of the City of Chardon. McFarland Creek in Bainbridge Township, sometimes referred to as Chagrin Falls because of the postal zip code, is a tributary of the Aurora branch of the Chagrin River.
While the majority of waterways in Geauga County are part of the Lake Erie watershed, the Silver Creek in Troy Township is a tributary to the west branch of the Mahoning River, part of the Ohio River watershed, the largest tributary to the Mississippi River. There is another Silver Creek in Geauga County in Russell Township, which is a tributary to the east branch of the Chagrin River.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 93,389 people, 34,264 households, and 25,654 families residing in the county. The population density was 231.1 people per square mile (89.3/km²). There were 34,264 occupied housing units at an average density of 84.8 per square mile (32.8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.0% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.001% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. 88.1% spoke English, 4.6% German, 1.2% Spanish, and 3.3% spoke other West Germanic languages.
There were 34,264 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.50% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.85 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.72 males.
As of the census of 2000, 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 26.8% were of German, 15.3% Irish, 14.3% English, 10.8% Italian 7.5% Polish and 5.2% American ancestry. According to Census 2000, 89.4% spoke English, 5.1% German, 1.5% Pennsylvania Dutch and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.
As of the census of 2000, the median income for a household in the county was $60,200, and the median income for a family was $67,427. Males had a median income of $48,443 versus $30,567 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,944. About 2.80% of families and 4.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.10% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over. The median household income and per capita income were the second highest among Ohio counties after Delaware, and 74th and 79th in the country, respectively.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 93,389 people, 34,264 households, and 25,654 families residing in the county. The population density was 233.4 inhabitants per square mile (90.1/km2). There were 36,574 housing units at an average density of 91.4 per square mile (35.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.4% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 13.8% were Italian, 13.8% were English, 8.3% were Polish, 5.5% were Hungarian, and 3.6% were American.
Of the 34,264 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families, and 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 43.3 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $89,663 and the median income for a family was $101,780. Males had a median income of $94,863 versus $40,565 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,735. About 5.0% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
There is a large Amish community founded in 1886 in Geauga County. It is the fourth largest of all Amish settlements with 18,650 people in 132 congregations in 2017. In 2017 the Amish accounted for 19.8% of Geauga County's population.
Geauga County is a Republican stronghold, having voted Democratic only once since 1912, in Lyndon Johnson's landslide.
- U.S. Route 6 Grand Army of the Republic Highway honoring American Civil War Veterans
- U.S. Route 322
- U.S. Route 422
An official Geauga County Road Map
The mostly rural nature of Geauga County limits the feasibility of a fixed-route transit system. Instead, Geauga County Transit offers a demand-responsive door-to-door transit system within the County with some out-of-county service. As of 2015[update], one-way fares for door-to-door service were $6.00, with 50% discounts for the elderly, disabled, or children 6 years to 17 years old. Children 5-years and younger are free. Out-of-county fares are two times the posted in-county fares. Service is provided 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM Monday through Friday. Reservations are suggested with at least three days notice, but can be made up to one week in advance.
The Geauga County Airport sits on 41 acres purchased by the Middlefield Chamber of Commerce and donated to Geauga County. Ground was broken August 31, 1967 and it was officially opened September 29, 1968. The airport has one 3500' long by 65' wide runway. Runway numbers are 11 on the west end and 29 on the east end. There are two T-hangars, one private hangar, two community hangars, a pilot lounge and restroom facility.
Public school districtsEdit
Geauga County is home to six public school districts as illustrated in this list of school districts in Ohio.
The Geauga County Educational Service Center provides collaborative programs and services for the seven local school districts in Geauga County, leveraging resources to reduce overall costs to each district. The ESC has formed a P-16 bridge initiative whose mission is to create workforce readiness in our youth and adults through substantive partnerships between educators, businesses, community organizations, parents focusing on important transitions experienced at each level. Geauga County P-16 will develop a sustainable process and program to insure its continued success.
|Berkshire Local School District||Burton, Ohio||Burton Township, Burton Village, most of Claridon Township, Troy Township, Welshfield, Montville and Thompson Townships|
|Cardinal Local School District||Middlefield, Ohio||Huntsburg Township, Middlefield Township, Middlefield Village, Parkman Township, small part of Mespotamia (Trumbull County)|
|Chardon Local School District||Chardon, Ohio||Aquilla Village, Chardon City, Chardon Township, part of Claridon Township, Hambden Township, most of Munson Township, very small part of Concord Township (Lake County)|
|Kenston Local School District||Bainbridge Township, Ohio||Auburn Township, most of Bainbridge Township|
|Newbury Local School District||Newbury, Ohio||Newbury Township|
|West Geauga County Local School District||Chester Township, Ohio||Chester Township, Chesterland, a small part of Hunting Valley, a part of Munson Township, and an unincorporated part of Russell Township|
In addition, there are five neighboring public school districts that serve portions of Geauga County residents.
|District||Location||Communities served in Geauga County|
|Chagrin Falls Exempted Village School District||Chagrin Falls, Ohio and South Russell, Ohio||South Russell Village; small parts of Bainbridge and Russell Townships|
|Kirtland Local School District||Kirtland, Ohio||small part of Chardon Township|
|Madison Local School District||Madison, Ohio||small part of Thompson Township|
|Mentor Exempted Village School District||Mentor, Ohio||small part of Chardon Township|
|Riverside Local School District||Painesville, Ohio||small part of Chardon Township|
Joint Vocational School DistrictEdit
Taxpayers in six of the seven school districts in Geauga County support a Joint Vocational School District (JVSD) at the Auburn Career Center in Concord Township, Ohio. The career center offers a variety of programs in health, education, and hands-on technology.
Private and parochial schoolsEdit
Geauga County is home to eight private, parochial, and/or specialized schools.
|Agape Christian Academy||Burton Township, Ohio and Troy Township, Ohio||Accepts applications prior to the start of each school year|
|Hawken School||Gates Mills, Ohio||College preparatory day school: online application, site visit and testing|
|Hershey Montessori Farm School||Huntsburg Township, Ohio||parent-owned, and chartered by Ohio Department of Education: application deadline January each year|
|Notre Dame-Cathedral Latin||Munson Township, Ohio||Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland: open to 8th grade students who have attended a Catholic elementary school and others who have not|
|Solon/Bainbridge Montessori School of Languages||Bainbridge Township, Ohio||nonsectarian Montessori School: quarterly enrollment periods|
|Saint Anselm School||Chester Township, Ohio||Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland K - 8th grade; preschool|
|Saint Helen's School||Newbury, Ohio||Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland K - 8th grade; parishioners and non-parishioners|
|Saint Mary's School||Chardon, Ohio||Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland preschool - 8th grade; parishioners and non-parishioners|
|Laurel School Butler Campus||Russell Township, Ohio||Private K-12 Girls Only School, College Preparatory|
Geauga County has one institution of higher learning:
- Kent State University - Geauga is in Burton, Ohio. KSU - Geauga is one of seven regional campuses of Kent State University. The 87-acre (35 ha) Burton Township campus was established as an academic center in 1964 and became a regional campus in 1976. As of 2011[update], more than 2,000 full and part-time students were enrolled. The Geauga campus does not have any student housing. KSU -Geauga offers a variety of academic programs, including certificate programs, Associate's degrees, and Bachelor's degrees in business, education, general studies, nursing, science, and technology.
- Chardon (county seat)
Other unincorporated communitiesEdit
- Leman Copley (March 25, 1781 – December 1862) early Mormon Elder
- Peter Hitchcock (1781–1853) lawyer, soldier, legislator, judge, Ohio House of Representatives 1810 - 1811, Ohio Senate 1812 - 1815, President of the Ohio Senate 1815, 15th US Congress (March 4, 1817-March 3, 1819), Supreme Court of Ohio as Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court 1821 - 1828, Chief Judge of the Ohio Supreme Court 1829 - 1833, Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court 1835 - 1842, Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court 1845 - 1852
- Brigham Young (June 1801 - August 1877) Mormon leader, lived in Geauga County from 1832-1838, married his second wife Mary Ann Angell in Kirtland, Ohio (then part of Geauga County) on March 31, 1834
- Seabury Ford (1801–1855) nephew of Peter Hitchcock, lawyer, 20th Governor of Ohio 1849 - 1850
- Jacob L. Ornstein-Galicia, Author Jewish Farmer in America
- Albert Gallatin Riddle (1816–1902) lawyer, educator, 8th prosecuting attorney for Geauga County 1842 - 1848, Ohio House of Representatives 1848 - 1850, Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1863), assisted in prosecution of John Surratt - an accomplice in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
- General Mortimer Leggett (1821–1896) Civil War general, commander of Volunteer Army of Ohio
- Seth Ledyard Phelps (1824–1885) US Navy 1841 - 1875, Lieutenant Commander during American Civil War, President of the District of Columbia Board of Commissioners 1878–1879
- Halbert Eleazer Paine (1826–1905) lawyer, brigadier general and major general in American Civil War, Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, and Forty-first Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1871), US Commissioner of Patents 1879 - 1881
- Delos W. Canfield (1828–1900) farmer, attorney, real estate, 13th prosecuting attorney of Geauga County 1862–1866; Ohio House of Representatives 1868-69; Common Pleas Judges of the Ninth District 1875-1877, 1885-1900 (his death)
- Charles Martin Hall (December 1863 - December 1914) inventor of modern aluminum production process
- Larry Dolan (1931- ) attorney and the owner of the Cleveland Indians
- Matt Hutter (1971- ) NASCAR driver
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- Historical Society of Geauga County, O. (1880). Pioneer and General History of Geauga County: With Sketches of Some of the Pioneers and Prominent Men. Historical Society of Geauga County. p. 24.
- "America's Best Places To Raise A Family". Forbes. June 30, 2008.
- The 12 Largest Amish Communities (2017). at Amish America
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- Stith, B.A. "A Vision Divided" (PDF). Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Howe, Henry (1852). Historical Collections of Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio: Bradley & Anthony. pp. 187–190.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- "Average Annual Precipitation: Ohio", Map, Published by Western Regional Climate Center, Data from 1961-1990.
- "Scenic Rivers". Ohio Scenic Rivers Program. Ohio Dept of Natural Resources (ODNR). Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Cuyahoga River". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "East Branch Cuyahoga River (ID:1039937)". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Upper Cuyahoga State Scenic River". Ohio State Scenic Rivers. ODNR. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Cuyahoga River (ID:1072205)". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Chagrin River". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "East Branch Chagrin River (ID:1039937)". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Aurora Branch Chagrin River (ID:1066554)". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Grand State Wild and Scenic River". Ohio State Scenic Rivers. ODNR. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Grand River (ID:1066727)". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Silver Creek (ID: 1046276)". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Silver Creek (ID: 1046273)". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
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- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
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- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-02.
- "Geauga County Transit - Home Page". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- Geauga Airport Authority
- "Homepage". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "Airport Authority". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "AirNav: 7G8 - Geauga County Airport". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "P-16 Bridge". Geauga ESC. Geauga ESC. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- "Kent State Geauga - Kent State University". Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- Scobey, FE and Doty, EW. (1904). Biographical Annals of Ohio: A handbook of the government and institutions o the State of Ohio. Springfield, Ohio: The Springfield Publishing Company. p. 262.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geauga County, Ohio.|
- Geauga County Government's website
- Geauga County Planning Commission Website on Industrial Parks
- Geauga Park District
- Geauga County Public Library
- City of Chardon
- Burton Village
- Great Geauga County Fair
- Geauga County Maple Festival
- OHGENWeb - Geauga County
- Public Utilities Commission of Ohio: Statewide School District Map
- Public Utilities Commission of Ohio: Statewide Zip Code Areas
- "Geauga County Tourism". Amish Country Ohio. Retrieved 2012-01-14.