Conneaut (// KON-ee-awt) is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States, along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek 66 miles northeast of Cleveland. The population was 12,841 at the 2010 Census. Conneaut is located at the far northeastern corner of the state.
Aerial view of the port at Conneaut
"Ohio's Sharpest Corner"
Location of Conneaut, Ohio
Location of Conneaut in Ashtabula County
|• Total||26.43 sq mi (68.45 km2)|
|• Land||26.36 sq mi (68.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)|
|Elevation||646 ft (197 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||487.1/sq mi (188.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||440 Exchanges: 593.599|
|GNIS feature ID||1077521|
Conneaut is located on an old Native American trail, later used by early westbound pioneers. The word conneaut comes from the Seneca language, and has a disputed meaning. A Mississauga village was located at or near Conneaut, c. 1747. Conneaut was originally named Salem, and the parts surrounding it were named "Lakeville" from 1944–1964, though these were eventually combined into what is now known as "Conneaut". People still refer to parts of Conneaut as Lakeville or Amboy.
Conneaut was described in 1833 as having a printing office, one meeting house, two taverns, and several stores and shops.
Conneaut is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.43 square miles (68.45 km2), of which 26.36 square miles (68.27 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water. Conneaut is situated along Lake Erie at the mouth of Conneaut Creek.(41.9433, -80.5695).
Conneaut is located in the northeastern-most corner of Ohio, bordering the state of Pennsylvania to the east and has 27 square miles (70 km2) within its corporate city limits, making it the 15th-largest city in Ohio by total land area.
Conneaut is a mixture of urban areas and rural farmland. The city has over seven miles (11 km) of shoreline along Lake Erie, with beaches, boating facilities and a healthy summer tourist trade.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,841 people, 4,740 households, and 3,034 families living in the city. The population density was 487.1 inhabitants per square mile (188.1/km2). There were 5,702 housing units at an average density of 216.3 per square mile (83.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.8% White, 7.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.
There were 4,740 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.4% male and 45.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,485 people, 5,038 households, and 3,410 families living in the city. The population density was 473.4 people per square mile (182.8/km²). There were 5,710 housing units at an average density of 216.5 per square mile (83.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.33% White, 1.12% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. 19.7% were of German, 16.0% Italian, 13.7% English, 12.0% Irish, 6.2% American and 6.2% Finnish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 5,038 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,717, and the median income for a family was $37,955. Males had a median income of $31,964 versus $21,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,703. About 10.7% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
Major industries within the city include CSP of Ohio (formerly Venture Industries), General Aluminum (automotive parts), and CW Ohio (windows and pillars). The city's historic business district and its harbor business district are not as thriving as in the past. A few of the main businesses that anchor the downtown are Gerdes Pharmacy and Orlando Brothers grocery store. Conneaut is also home to the Lake Erie Correctional Institution, which has a total staff of 295 employees as of February 2020.
Transportation services Conneaut via Interstate 90, which bisects the city, along with an international shipping port and three railroads. U.S Route 20 also bisects Conneaut. Ohio State Route 7 has its northern terminus on Conneaut where it intersects with State Route 531.
- Laura Boulton, eminent ethnologist, anthropologist and film-maker
- Mary L. Doe, first president of Michigan State Equal Suffrage Association
- Mildred Gillars, American radio personality (Axis Sally) during World War II, best known for her propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany
- Osee M. Hall, U.S. House Representative from Minnesota
- George Hulett, in the late 19th century he invented the Hulett iron ore unloader; he received a patent for his invention in 1898. The first working machine was built the following year at Conneaut Harbor.
- Joseph Russell Jones, appointed by Ulysses S. Grant as Minister Resident to Belgium
- Larry Kelley, football player for Yale University, second winner of Heisman Trophy
- Jean Lovell, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player
- John P. McGoorty, Illinois judge and staterepresentative
- Mike Palagyi, MLB pitcher for Washington Senators
- John R. Pillion, Republican member of U.S. House of Representatives from New York
- George Morton Randall, United States Army general
- Mason A. Thayer, Republican member of Wisconsin State Assembly
Conneaut Post Office
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- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 21, 2013.
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- "Lake Erie Correctional (Alpha Version: 184.108.40.2064)". drc.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-09.
- Ashtabula County Genealogical Society. 1985. Ashtabula County history, then and now : a history of the people of the county. Dallas: Taylor Publishing.
- Biographical history of northeastern Ohio : embracing the counties of Ashtabula, Geauga and Lake. 1893. Chicago: Lewis Publishing.
- Borsvald, David. 2003. Railroading in Conneaut, Ohio. Images of Rail. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738523460)
- Clark, Rev. Rufus. 1880. Early History of South Ridge. Published in the Conneaut Reporter starting c. 22 January 1880; Reprint, 1985, Ashtabula County Genealogical Society.
- Large, Moina M. 1924. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio. 2 vols. Indianapolis, IN: Historical Publishing Co.
- Owens, David B. 2010. Conneaut. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. (ISBN 978-0738577319)
- Williams, William W. 1878. History of Ashtabula County, Ohio, with illustration and biographical sketches of its pioneers and most prominent men. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott. (Reprint, 1974, Ashtabula Genealogical Society; 1993, Higginson Book Company)
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