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Arrecife (/ˌærəˈsf/; Spanish pronunciation: [areˈθife]; locally [areˈsife]) is a city and municipality in the Canary Islands (Spain) situated in the centre-east of the island of Lanzarote, of which it has been the capital since 1852. The city owes its name to the rock reef ('Arrecife' is Spanish for 'reef') which covers the beach located in the city. The city also gives its name to the nearby Arrecife Airport.

Arrecife
City
Aerial view of Arrecife
Aerial view of Arrecife
Flag of Arrecife
Flag
Coat of arms of Arrecife
Coat of arms
Etymology: Spanish for Reef
Municipal location in Lanzarote
Municipal location in Lanzarote
Arrecife is located in Lanzarote
Arrecife
Arrecife
Location in Lanzarote
Arrecife is located in Province of Las Palmas
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Province of Las Palmas)
Arrecife is located in Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Canary Islands)
Arrecife is located in Spain, Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Spain, Canary Islands)
Coordinates: 28°57′45″N 13°33′2″W / 28.96250°N 13.55056°W / 28.96250; -13.55056Coordinates: 28°57′45″N 13°33′2″W / 28.96250°N 13.55056°W / 28.96250; -13.55056
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Canary Islands
ProvinceLas Palmas
IslandLanzarote
Government
 • MayorÁstrid Pérez Batista (PP)
Area
 • Total22.72 km2 (8.77 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total61,351
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+00:00 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Postal code
35500
Area code(s)+34 (Spain) + 928 (Las Palmas)
Websitewww.arrecife.es

The population of the municipality is 61351 (2018),[3] its area is 22.72 square kilometres (8.77 sq mi).[1] It is south of Teguise, east of San Bartolomé and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to its southeast. Arrecife is a port town on the east coast, served by ferries to the other islands and also Europe and mainland Africa. The LZ1 road connects Arrecife to the northeast of the island, the LZ2 road connects the capital to the island's southwest, and the LZ3 road serves as the city's beltway. The tallest building in Lanzarote is the Arrecife Gran Hotel, which is located on the seafront alongside the harbour.

HistoryEdit

The earliest records of Arrecife date from the fifteenth century when it was a small fishing settlement. The name, given then as Arrecifes, refers to the black volcanic reefs behind which boats could hide, protected from sudden pirate attacks.

Towards the end of the sixteenth century the settlement began to grow in response to a need for accommodation and warehousing to support growing trade between the old and new worlds. The first church was constructed at this time, consecrated to the first bishop of Arrecife, San Ginés. Growing prosperity increased the attractiveness of the town as a pirate target: in 1571 a notorious pirate named Dogan plundered and almost completely destroyed the little port town.

In 1964 Arrecife became the site of Lanzarote's first sea-water desalination plant, which was still operational in 2010.

ClimateEdit

Lanzarote has a desert climate according to the Köppen climatic classification.[4] The little precipitation is concentrated in the winter months.

Climate data for Lanzarote Airport (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.7
(90.9)
36.3
(97.3)
42.6
(108.7)
40.7
(105.3)
42.9
(109.2)
43.6
(110.5)
40.5
(104.9)
37.1
(98.8)
34.2
(93.6)
27.5
(81.5)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
21.3
(70.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
28.2
(82.8)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
26.7
(80.1)
24.2
(75.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.6
(72.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
23.0
(73.4)
20.7
(69.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70.0)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
14.3
(57.7)
15.0
(59.0)
15.7
(60.3)
16.8
(62.2)
18.8
(65.8)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
19.4
(66.9)
17.2
(63.0)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.3
(46.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
12.4
(54.3)
15.4
(59.7)
16.6
(61.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.9
(51.6)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.5
(0.65)
18.2
(0.72)
12.5
(0.49)
5.2
(0.20)
1.5
(0.06)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
2.2
(0.09)
9.9
(0.39)
14.7
(0.58)
29.3
(1.15)
110.6
(4.35)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 18
Mean monthly sunshine hours 203 201 241 255 297 292 308 295 248 235 207 196 2,978
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[5]

Historical populationEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1996 38,091—    
2000 43,711+3.50%
2005 53,920+4.29%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 58,156+1.52%
2015 56,940−0.42%
2018 61,351+2.52%
Source: Centro de Datos, Cabildo de Lanzarote[3]

CommunitiesEdit

Sites of interestEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Instituto Canario de Estadística, area
  2. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Población de derecho de Lanzarote según municipio. Evolución (1996-2019)" [Legal population of Lanzarote by municipality. Evolution (1996-2019)] (in Spanish). Centro de Datos, Cabildo de Lanzarote. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010)". Archived from the original on 2012-11-18.

External linksEdit