Telephone numbers in Spain

  (Redirected from +34)

The Spanish telephone numbering plan is the allocation of telephone numbers in Spain. It was previously regulated by the Comisión del Mercado de las Telecomunicaciones (CMT), but is now regulated by the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC).

Spain telephone numbers
España prefijos.jpg
Location
CountrySpain
ContinentEurope
RegulatorCMT
Typeclosed
Access codes
Country calling code+34
International call prefix00
Trunk prefixnone

HistoryEdit

Before 1998, local telephone calls could be made using only the subscriber's number without the area code, while the trunk code '9' was omitted when calling from outside Spain, e.g.:[1]

xx[x] xx xx     (within the same province) 
9xx xxx xxx     (within Spain)   
+34 xx xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

International calls were made by dialling the international access code 07, waiting for a tone, and then dialling the country code.[2] However, calls to Gibraltar were made using the prefix '956' for the province of Cádiz, followed by the digit '7', instead of the country code +350, e.g:[3]

7 xx xxx     (from Cádiz)
956 7 xx xxx (from the rest of Spain) 

Similarly, calls to Andorra were made using the prefix '973' for the province of Lleida followed by the digit '8',[4] e.g:

8 xx xxx        (from Lleida) 
9738 xx xxx     (from Spain)    

It was also possible to call Andorra from other countries via Spain using the prefix +34 738 instead of via France using the prefix +33 628.[5] However, on 17 December 1994, Andorra adopted its own country code +376, with '8' being added to the subscriber's five-digit number, meaning that international dialling was required from Spain, e.g:[6]

9738 xx xxx   (before 17 December 1994) 
07376 8xx xxx (after 17 December 1994)

Mobile phone numbers began with the prefix '90', e.g:[7]

90x xxx xxx     (within Spain)   
+34 0x xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

Current numbering planEdit

On 1 December 1998, Spain changed to a new telephone numbering plan.[8] Under the closed numbering plan with the trunk prefix '9' being incorporated into the subscriber's number, so that a nine-digit number was used for all calls, e.g.:[9]

9xx xxx xxx      (within Spain)   
+34 9xx xxx xxx  (outside Spain)

Mobiles similarly changed, and were now prefixed with the digit '6':

 908 xxx xxx     (within Spain before 1998)
 +34 08 xxx xxx  (outside Spain before 1998) 
 +34 608 xxx xxx (since 1998)[10]

New numbering ranges have also since been introduced:

 10xx        Carrier selection codes
 5xx xxx xxx Personal Numbering
 7yx xxx xxx (since 2009–2010; note y cannot be 0 (zero) because this is allocated as a personal number, see below)
 8xx xxx xxx Geographic expansion 
 800 xxx xxx Freephone
 900 xxx xxx Freephone
 80x xxx xxx Shared-cost 
 90x xxx xxx Shared-cost 

Spain's international access code also changed from 07 to 00, but this did not affect dialling arrangements for calls to Gibraltar, with the 9567 prefix being retained.[11] In addition, it was possible to call Gibraltar from other countries via Spain using the prefix +34 9567.[12] However, on 10 February 2007, Spain adopted the international prefix 00350 for all calls to Gibraltar, thereby bringing end to a dispute between Gibraltar and Spain.[13] Consequently, numbers with the prefix 9567 were withdrawn from use, and made available for reassignment to subscribers in Spain.[14]

Mobile phonesEdit

Mobile phone numbers begin with 6 or 7, followed by 8 digits (6xx xxx xxx or 7yx xxx xxx), where y can be 1 to 9, not 0 (zero). Note, numbers starting with 70 are personal numbers which can be re-directed to any other number by the personal owner. Since the blocks of mobile phone numbers are allocated according to demand from the service providers, there is not necessarily a unique service provider indicated by the three digit numbering group (6xx or 7yx).

In October 2009, new legislation was approved to grant the allocation of up to 80,000,000 new numbers beginning with number 7 (followed by 8 digits) to supplement the existing group beginning with number 6 (followed by 8 digits); due to the lack of available numbers to satisfy the increasing demand for mobile phone and other mobile / wireless services.[15]

Personal numberingEdit

Personal numbers are used as redirection IDs. The owner of a personal number may request, for example, any call to its personal number to be redirected to any other number it wants.

Personal numbers begin with 5, followed by 8 digits.

Other numbersEdit

  • Numbers starting with 2, 3, 4, 5, and 99 are reserved.
  • Numbers starting with 0 and 1 are used to compose short numbers or for prefixes. For example, three-digit numbers starting with 0 are for emergency and services to the citizen.
  • Numbers starting with 80 and 90, then a number different from 0, are used for premium rates, toll free, and internet access numbers.
    • 905 numbers are supposed to be used for voting systems. Calls have a limited duration (typically 3 minutes), and are charged a fixed rate per call. They are often used in TV shows as a substitutive of 80 numbers, both for image reasons and because operators are not obliged to block them on a user request, as 80 numbers are.[17]
    • Until 2003, 906 used to be the prefix for premium rate calls, where the calling party pays a fixed amount of money per minute and are lucrative for the called party. In that year, 906 was discontinued and split in three: 803 for phone sex, 806 for entertainment, gambling and various services such as divination, and 807 for professional services such as legal and medical advice.[18][19]
    • 908 and 909 were designed to be the numbers for dial-up Internet access. However, they have been widely replaced by digital subscriber line and faster Internet access technologies. 907 was the prefix for dial-up access to premium rate websites.
  • 800 and 900 numbers are freephone numbers in Spain. The called party pays the cost of the call.[19]
  • 901 and 902 numbers are Non Geographic Numbers. These have been widely introduced by the call centres of large multinational European businesses. Unlike other normal Spanish phone numbers beginning 910 onwards, 901 and 902 numbers are always excluded from inclusive call bundles on Spanish landlines and mobiles. In 901 lines, the cost of the call is shared between the calling party and the receiver; in a 902, the calling party pays all the cost of the call.[19] 902 numbers are extremely expensive to call from Spanish mobiles. 901 and 902 numbers are also premium rated if calling Spain from overseas and low cost international call carriers to Spain normally refuse to connect calls to 901 and 902 numbers.

Area codesEdit

 
Spanish prefix map
 
Dialling codes of Spain in the early 1990s
National Destination Code Max length Min length Category or Province
0 3 3 Short Number
00 2 2 International Prefix
1 4 4 Short Number
103 6 4 Operator Selection
104 6 4 Operator Selection
105 6 4 Operator Selection
107 6 4 Operator Selection
112 3 3 Emergency Services
118 5 5 Directory assistance
5 9 9 Personal Numbering System
6 9 9 Mobile phones
70 9 9 Personal Numbering System
71 9 9 Mobile phones
72 9 9 Mobile phones
73 9 9 Mobile phones
74 9 9 Mobile phones
75 9 9 Mobile phones
76 9 9 Mobile phones
77 9 9 Mobile phones
78 9 9 Mobile phones
79 9 9 Mobile phones
800 9 9 Toll Free
803 9 9 Premium Rate (adult services)
806 9 9 Premium Rate (entertaining service)
807 9 9 Premium Rate (professional services)
822 9 9 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
824 9 9 Badajoz
828 9 9 Las Palmas
843 9 9 Gipuzkoa
848 9 9 Navarre
850 9 9 Almería
856 9 9 Cádiz
858 9 9 Granada
868 9 9 Murcia
871 9 9 Balearic Islands
872 9 9 Girona
873 9 9 Lleida
876 9 9 Zaragoza
877 9 9 Tarragona
881 9 9 A Coruña
886 9 9 Pontevedra
900 9 9 Toll Free
901 9 9 Shared-cost call
902 9 9 National Rate
905 9 9 Telephone Voting System
907 9 9 Premium Rate (data systems)
908 9 9 Internet Access
909 9 9 Internet Access
911 9 9 Madrid (Segovia and Guadalajara until 1993)
912 9 9 Madrid
913 9 9 Madrid
914 9 9 Madrid
915 9 9 Madrid
916 9 9 Madrid
917 9 9 Madrid
918 9 9 Madrid (Ávila until 1993)
920 9 9 Ávila
921 9 9 Segovia
922 9 9 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
923 9 9 Salamanca
924 9 9 Badajoz
925 9 9 Toledo
926 9 9 Ciudad Real
927 9 9 Cáceres
928 9 9 Las Palmas
931 9 9 Barcelona
932 9 9 Barcelona
933 9 9 Barcelona
934 9 9 Barcelona
935 9 9 Barcelona
936 9 9 Barcelona
937 9 9 Barcelona
938 9 9 Barcelona
940 9 9 Pager Services
941 9 9 La Rioja
942 9 9 Cantabria
943 9 9 Gipuzkoa
944 9 9 Biscay
945 9 9 Álava
946 9 9 Biscay
947 9 9 Burgos
948 9 9 Navarre
949 9 9 Guadalajara
950 9 9 Almería
951 9 9 Málaga
952 9 9 Málaga
953 9 9 Jaén
954 9 9 Seville
955 9 9 Seville
956 9 9 Cádiz
957 9 9 Córdoba
958 9 9 Granada
959 9 9 Huelva
960 9 9 Valencia
961 9 9 Valencia, Center of province
962 9 9 Valencia, South of province
963 9 9 Valencia, City and surroundings
964 9 9 Castellón
965 9 9 Alicante
966 9 9 Alicante
967 9 9 Albacete
968 9 9 Murcia
969 9 9 Cuenca
971 9 9 Balearic Islands
972 9 9 Girona
973 9 9 Lleida
974 9 9 Huesca
975 9 9 Soria
976 9 9 Zaragoza
977 9 9 Tarragona
978 9 9 Teruel
979 9 9 Palencia
980 9 9 Zamora
981 9 9 A Coruña
982 9 9 Lugo
983 9 9 Valladolid
984 9 9 Asturias
985 9 9 Asturias
986 9 9 Pontevedra
987 9 9 León
988 9 9 Ourense

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Spain & Portugal, 1994: The Most In-Depth Guide to the Spectacle and Romance of Spain & Portugal, A. Hoyt Hobbs, Joy Adzigian, Fielding Worldwide, 1994, page 34
  2. ^ In Spain, Francisco J. Uriz, Birgit Harling, EMC Publishing, 1990, page 57
  3. ^ Gibraltar: British Or Spanish?, Peter Gold, Routledge Press, 2005, page 359
  4. ^ Fodor's Spain, 1987: (excluding the Canaries), Fodor's Travel Guides, 1987, page 264
  5. ^ Mediterranean Europe, Lonely Planet, 1995, page 104
  6. ^ Fodor's Europe, Eugene Fodor, D. McKay, 1996, page 35
  7. ^ Fairplay, Fairplay Publications Limited, 1997, page 32
  8. ^ Official Journal of the European Communities: Legislation, Volume 40, Issues 240-251
  9. ^ Mediterranean Europe, Lonely Planet, 2005, page 438
  10. ^ Lloyd's Ports of the World, Lloyd's of London Press, 2000, page 788
  11. ^ Southern Spain, Insight Guides, 1998
  12. ^ Danmarks posten, Volume 83, Dansk Samvirke, 2002, page 40
  13. ^ International Dialing codes implemented, Gibraltar Regulatory Authority, 10th February 2007
  14. ^ Gibraltar.- Las llamadas telefónicas al Peñón introducen a partir de mañana el prefijo internacional sin coste adicional, Europa Press, 9 February 2007
  15. ^ Los nuevos números de móvil empezarán por siete cuando se agoten los encabezados por seis, El Mundo, 19 October 2009 (Spanish)
  16. ^ El Mundo. El 016, el teléfono confidencial para maltratadas que no deja huella
  17. ^ Unión de Consumidores de España (UCE) denuncia los números 905, Diputación de Huelva, 24 October 2007
  18. ^ El País. Los teléfonos 906 se convierten desde hoy en 806 salvo para acceder a la Red
  19. ^ a b c Reclamador. Coste llamadas: ¿Cuánto cuestan los números 900, 901, 902 y 800? (Spanish)

External linksEdit