Aromanians in North Macedonia

The Aromanians in North Macedonia (Aromanian: Armãnji, Macedonian: Аромани, Aromani), also known as Vlachs (Aromanian: Vlahi, Macedonian: Власи, Vlasi), are an officially recognised minority group numbering some 9,695 people according to the 2002 census. They are concentrated in Kruševo, Štip, Bitola and Skopje. They are referred to as Vlachs by the Macedonian authorities and society.

Aromanians in North Macedonia
Armãnji tu Machedonia di Nord
Македонски Власи
Total population
9,695 (2002 census)
Regions with significant populations
Kruševo, Štip, Bitola, Sveti Nikole
Aromanian (native), Macedonian
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Related ethnic groups


The Aromanian population in North Macedonia are commonly known as Vlachs (Власи, Vlasi) or Tsintsars (Цинцари, Cincari), and have historically been called "Macedo-Romanians".[citation needed]


The Aromanians are a unique ethno-linguistic group, having their own culture and language, who have existed for over two thousand years in the Balkan peninsula.[1] They were for centuries considered a traditional mountain people and soon the word Vlach became synonymous with animal-husbandry and herdsmanship throughout the Balkans.[2] Although traditionally live-stock herders many began to emigrate to larger cities in the 16th and 17th centuries. Many Aromanians who fled from Moscopole and the nearby mountainous Gramos region also helped develop Kruševo (Crushuva) and Bitola (Bituli, Bitule) into large prosperous cities. Shepherds of the Pelister region near Bitola used to herd huge flocks of sheep from the summer pastures on Pelister (Pilister) to the winter lowlands near Ghevgelia, Giannitsa and Salonica (Sãruna). Typical Aromanian goods were cheese, meat, wool and wool garments, leather, rugs and carpets. Many Aromanians also entered the rug and carpet trade by selling kilimi and flocati. A part of Aromanians adhered to the Bogomil faith around the 10th and 11th centuries and contributed to the spread of Bogomilism in Herzegovina[3] Wealthier Aromanians established themselves in Bitola and Štip (Shtip) as inn-keepers, artisans, caravan traders and merchants. An Aromanian market (Macedonian: Vlaška čaršija) was established in Bitola's Aromanian quarter. The Aromanian presence is still present in Bitola to this day.

Pitu Guli, IMRO activist and hero of the Krushevo Republic
Map showing areas with Romanian schools for Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians in the Ottoman Empire (1886)
Ioryi Mucitani, leader of the first Aromanian band in IMRO.

The Macedonian-Aromanian mountain villages of Magarevo (Magaruva, Mãgãreva), Gopeš (Gopish, Gopeshi) , and Trnovo (Aromanian: Tãrnuva/Tãrnova) were founded on the foot hills of Mount Pilister. By the 1860s many Aromanians had joined the agitation present in Macedonia and supported the Macedonian Revolutionary movement. Many Aromanians had also identified with Romanians or Greeks and some even Bulgarians. The first Romanian school was established in 1864 in the village of Trnovo and was followed by another 40 Romanian language-Vlach schools. Many of these schools provided an education in both the Romanian and Aromanian languages. In the late 19th century a split between the Grecophile and Romanophile Aromanians occurred. This struggle became violent with schools burnt down, cemeteries desecrated and people assaulted.[2] The Aromanian people participated in the Ilinden Uprising and the establishment of the Kruševo Republic. The Kruševo Republic is hailed by Aromanians as the Ten Days of Freedom. The Prime Minister of the Republic was Dinu Vangeli, with other Aromanians occupying high administrative positions too. Another notable Aromanian who participated was the heroic Pitu Guli who was killed on the Mečkin Kamen (Bear's Rock).

Distribution of the Aromanians.

After the First Balkan War most of the Romanian schools were closed down. Many of the Aromanian villages were destroyed during World War I. To escape the conflict many Aromanians fled to Greece or Romania. Aromanians who lived in what is now known as North Macedonia were subject to strict Serbianization along with the rest of the population. After the outbreak of World War II most Aromanians once again found themselves subject to Bulgarian control.[2] Many Aromanians joined the Communist Partisans.

After the war many Aromanians began to assert their ethnic identity. High levels of intermarriage with Macedonians and urbanization also began to affect the community. In the 1970s new initiatives were started to create Aromanian social and cultural societies. The Society of Arts and Culture (Aromanian: Sutsat di Culturi sh Arti) was established in 1979 and in 1981 another cultural society was established. In 1985 the first Aromanian song was recorded by Risto Pulevski-Kicha. A tape was made for Macedonian television and this tape was used to support the request to create a cultural society. The Pitu Guli society of Skopje and the Manaki Brothers Society of Bitola were founded.

After the Declaration of Independence from Yugoslavia, Aromanians were officially recognised as a minority group. They receive full minority rights from the Macedonian government.

Minority statusEdit

Distribution of Aromanians in North Macedonia:
  Areas where Aromanians are an officially recognised minority group
  Areas where Aromanians are concentrated
  Areas where Megleno-Romanians are concentrated

The Aromanians are an officially recognised minority group in North Macedonia under the name ”Vlachs”.[4] The Aromanian language is taught among Aromanian students and the language is co-official in the Krusevo municipality. Aromanian-language media is available, and regular television and radio broadcasts in the Aromanian language help to ensure its survival. The Aromanian National Day is officially celebrated in North Macedonia on May 23.[5]


The Aromanian National Day is celebrated on May 23.


Aromanians have traditionally spoken the Aromanian language. Use of this language has recently been in a period of decline. High rates of intermarriage with Macedonians and assimilation have reduced the number of speakers. The Kruševo municipality is the only place in the world where the Aromanian language is a recognised minority language. The language has recently undergone a revival and is now taught to Aromanian students throughout the country.[2]


Many forms of Aromanian-language media have been established since the 1990s. The Macedonian Government provides financial assistance to Aromanian-language newspapers and radio stations. Aromanian-language newspapers such as Phoenix (Aromanian: Fenix) service the Aromanian community. The Aromanian television program Spark (Aromanian: Scanteao, Macedonian: Искра) broadcasts on the second channel of the Macedonian Radio-Television.

Historical censusesEdit

Vlachs in SR Macedonia and R. of Macedonia according to censuses 1948-2002[6]
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 1994 census 2002
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Vlachs 9,511 0.8 8,668 0.7 8,046 0.6 7,190 0.4 6,392 0.3 7,764 0.4 8,601 0.4 9,695 0.5

1900 censusEdit

Population of Aromanians in Ottoman Vardar Macedonia, 1900
Region Population
Veles 500
Kavadarci 122
Gevgelija 9430
Skopje 450
Tetovo 50
Kumanovo 50
Kratovo 340
Kriva Palanka 220
Kočani 2020
Bitola 15690
Kruševo 4095
Resen 3210
Prilep 745
Ohrid 1960
Total 38,882[7]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe. RECOMMENDATION 1333. 1997. [1]. Retrieved on 4 Jul 2008
  2. ^ a b c d NL23_1: Aromanians of Macedonia Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Isidor Iesan,Secta patarena in Balcani si in Dacia traiana,Institutul de arte grafice C. Sfetea, Bucuresti, 1912
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ "Macedonian Information Agency". Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Censuses of Population 1948-2002 State Statistical Office
  7. ^ Македония. Етнография и статистика, В. К'нчовъ, София, 1900