Resen, North Macedonia

Resen (Macedonian: Ресен [ˈrɛːsɛn] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in southwestern North Macedonia, with just under 9,000 inhabitants.[1] Resen is approximately equidistant between Bitola and Ohrid. The town rises 880 metres (2,887 feet) above sea level and is situated near Lake Prespa. Resen is also the only town in the Prespa Lake area and is the seat of Resen Municipality.

Resen

Ресен (Macedonian)
Resen in November 2019
Resen in November 2019
Flag of Resen
Flag
Official seal of Resen
Seal
Resen is located in Republic of North Macedonia
Resen
Resen
Location within North Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°05′20″N 21°00′44″E / 41.08889°N 21.01222°E / 41.08889; 21.01222Coordinates: 41°05′20″N 21°00′44″E / 41.08889°N 21.01222°E / 41.08889; 21.01222
Country North Macedonia
RegionLogo of Pelagonia Region.svg Pelagonia
MunicipalityCoat of arms of Resen Municipality.svg Resen
Government
 • MayorZhivko Gosarevski (SDSM)
Elevation
885 m (2,904 ft)
Population
 (2002)
 • Total8,748
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7310
Area code(s)+389
Car platesRE
ClimateCfb

NameEdit

The name of the city in Macedonian is Resen (Ресен) and in Turkish Resne, while in Albanian it is known as Resnjë (definite form: Resnja). In Aromanian, it is Reșani and in Greek Resinion, Ρησίνιον.

HistoryEdit

The ancient Illyrian city of Damastion (in greek Δαμάστιον) [2] may be near Resen. Resen's history dates back to Roman times when the famous road Via Egnatia was built, passing through the city.

During the Middle Ages, the Prespa area was part of the Bulgarian empire under Samuil. After the Battle of Klyuch, some of Samuil's soldiers, who were each blinded in one eye, settled in a village on the shore of Lake Prespa. The Byzantines called the village Asamati. The Byzantine meaning of this word is "settlement of one-eyed people". From then on, Resen was under Byzantine rule.

Later, Resen became part of the Second Bulgarian Empire, Serbian Empire and Ottoman Empire, and it was the birthplace of Ahmed Niyazi Bey, an Albanian officer from a noble family of the town, who was one of the initiators and leaders of the Young Turk Revolution in the region in 1908.[3] Ahmed Niyazi Bey's most famous monument in Resen is the Saraj, a French-style estate he built.[4] In the late 19th and early 20th century, Resen was part of the Manastir Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. From 1929 to 1941, Resen was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

DemographicsEdit

In the late Ottoman period, according to N. Th. Shinas (1886), Resen had a total population of 5,530 divided by 3,300 Muslims and 3,300 Christians.[5] According to Spiridon Gopčević (1889), Resen (5,200) had 2,150 Muslims, 2,400 Christians, 500 Romani, 660 Aromanians and 700 Muslim Serbs.[5] Vasil Kanchov (1900) in his statistics had listed Resen (4,450) as composed of 2,400 Bulgarian Christians, 800 Bulgarian Muslims, 350 Romani, 300 Muslim Albanians, 570 Aromanians and 30 Turks.[6][5] According to the statistics of Dimitri Mishev and D. M. Brancoff, the town had a total Christian population of 4.388 in 1905, consisting of 2.096 Exarchist Bulgarians, 1.296 Patriarchist Bulgarians, 696 Christian Albanians and 300 Vlachs.[5][7] The town had also 5 schools, of which 2 were Bulgarian, 2 Greek and 1 Vlach.[7] According to A. Arvanitis, in Resen (7,500) there were 2,500 Turks, 2,000 Bulgarians and 3000 Greeks.[5] According to K. Andreadis (1910), the population of Resen was 5,000-6000 consisting of 1,700-2000 Muslims and 3,300-4000 Christians with Bulgarians being the majority demographic element and some Greeks.[5] According to Ath. Haliopoulos (1910), Resen (4,990) was composed of 2,200 Muslims, 1,700 Bulgarians, 1000 Aromanians (Greeks), 60 Romanians and 30 Serbs.[5] According to Tr. Evangelidis (1913), Resen (7,500) had 3,750 Greeks.[5]

As of the 2002 census, the town of Resen has 8,748 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:[8]

  • Macedonians, 6,431 (73.5%)
  • Turks, 1,369 (15.7%)
  • Albanians, 325 (3.7%)
  • others, 623 (7.1%)

The mother tongues of the city's residents include the following:

  • Macedonian, 6,574 (75.2%)
  • Turkish, 1,355 (15.5%)
  • Albanian, 629 (7.2%)
  • others, 190 (2.2%)
 
St. George Church in Resen

The religious composition of the city was the following:

  • Orthodox Christians, 6,382 (73.0%)
  • Muslims, 2,272 (26.0%)
  • others, 94 (1.0%)

A sizable amount of the Macedonian population originates from the nearby villages of Podmočani, Bolno, Malovišta in addition to other villages from the Lake Ohrid area who settled in Resen during the middle of the 19th century.[9] The Albanian population settled in Resen during first decades of the 19th century originating from the Yanya vilayet.[9] In contemporary times Muslim Albanians live in small numbers within Resen.[10] In the latter decades of the 20th century, some Albanian speaking Muslim Romani from the villages of Krani and Nakolec have migrated to Resen.[10] Most of the Muslim population living in Resen speaks Turkish and are either descended from Turks settled in strategic areas or the descendants of local Turkified Slavs during Ottoman rule.[10] A small population of Orthodox Aromanians also lives in Resen.[10]

ClimateEdit

Resen has a mild continental climate with cold winters and warm summers, which makes it a tourist attraction, especially in summer. The climate and the quality of soil are key factors for Prespa's region to have a long tradition of agriculture. One of most important landmarks of Resen's today are the apple orchards, well known for the quality and specific taste of apples.

CultureEdit

 
Resen in the evening

Resen is home to Prespa's Ceramic Colony, established in the 1970s, which attracts renowned artists from all over the world. The organization is included in the UNESCO International Academy of Ceramics. It is housed in the Saraj, which also houses the Dragi Tozija House of Culture, the Keraca Visulčeva Gallery, and a library.

SportsEdit

Local football club FK Prespa plays in the Macedonian Third League (Southwest Division) and FK Jildirimspor plays in the 4th tier OFL Resen.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Resen
  2. ^ Barrington atlas of the Greek and Roman world: map-by-map directory, Tome 1,by Richard J. A. Talbert,page 758,near Resen?
  3. ^ Kedourie, Sylvia (2000). Seventy-five years of the Turkish Republic. Psychology Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-7146-5042-5. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  4. ^ Macedonia National Tourism Portal Archived November 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Papastathis, Haral. K. (1974). "Οι Έλληνες της Ρένσης κατά τας αρχάς του 20ου αιώνος: συμβολή εις την δημογραφικήν και οικονομικήν δομήν της Πελαγονικής κωμοπόλεως [The Greeks of Resen in the early 20th century (Contribution to the demographical and economical structure of the Pelagonian town)]". Macedonika. 14: 29.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. ^ Vasil Kanchov (1900). Macedonia: Ethnography and Statistics. Sofia. p. 240.
  7. ^ a b Dimitri Mishev and D. M. Brancoff, La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne, p. 168
  8. ^ "Macedonian census, language and religion" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-03.
  9. ^ a b Włodzimierz, Pianka (1970). Toponomastikata na Ohridsko-Prespanskiot bazen. Institut za makedonski jazik "Krste Misirkov". p. 125.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) "Македонски жители се дојдени во градот во средината на XIX в. од селата Подмочани, Болно, Маловишта и др. од Охридско. Албанците се дојдени во првите децении на XIX в. од Јанинскиот вилает."
  10. ^ a b c d Sugarman, Jane (1997). Engendering song: Singing and subjectivity at Prespa Albanian weddings. University of Chicago Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 9780226779720.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit