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Veles, North Macedonia

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Veles (Macedonian: Велес [ˈvɛlɛs] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in the central part of the Republic of North Macedonia on the Vardar river. The city of Veles is the seat of Veles Municipality.

Veles

Велес
Veles panoram.JPG
Official seal of Veles
Seal
Veles is located in Republic of North Macedonia
Veles
Veles
Location within North Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°43′12″N 21°47′36″E / 41.72000°N 21.79333°E / 41.72000; 21.79333Coordinates: 41°43′12″N 21°47′36″E / 41.72000°N 21.79333°E / 41.72000; 21.79333
Country North Macedonia
MunicipalityVeles Municipality
Government
 • MayorAce Kocevski[1] (SDSM)
Population
 • Total43,716
Demonym(s)Veleshanec
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
1400
Area code(s)+389 043
Vehicle registrationVE
Websitewww.Veles.gov.mk/

Contents

NamesEdit

Vilazora was initially the Paeonian city Bylazora from the period of early Classical Antiquity. The city's name was Βελισσός Velissos in Ancient Greek.

Under Turkish rule it became a township (kaza) called Köprülü in the Üsküp sanjak (one of the administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire). From 1877 to 1912 the sandjak was part of the Kosovo vilayet. From 1929 to 1941, Veles was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, the city was known as Titov Veles after Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito, but the 'Titov' was removed in 1996.[2] Cars registered in Veles were identified by the code TV (Titov Veles), which was changed as late as 2000 to VE.

HistoryEdit

 
Veles in the 19th century.

The area of present-day Veles has been inhabited for over a millennium. In antiquity, it was a Paionian city called Bylazora, and contained a substantial population of Thracians and possibly Illyrians. It was then part of the Byzantine Empire, and at times the First and Second Bulgarian Empire. It became part of the Kingdom of Serbia at the end of the 13th century, while during the Serbian Empire (1345–71) it was an estate of Jovan Oliver and subsequently the Mrnjavčević family until Ottoman annexation after the Battle of Rovine (1395). Before the Balkan Wars, it was a township (kaza) with the name Köprülü, part of the Sanjak of Üsküp.[3]

Ecclesiastical historyEdit

Some identify Veles with the Velitza of which Saint Clement of Ohrid was bishop.[4][5][better source needed]

The Annuario Pontificio identifies Veles instead with the Diocese of Bela, a suffragan of the Metropolitan Latin Archdiocese of Achrida (Ohrid) in Bulgaria, and lists it, as no longer a residential diocese, among the Latin titular bishoprics.[6] It is probably in Bosnia and Hercegovina [7] (modern Velika?).

Modern CityEdit

 
St. Pantelejmon Church in Veles

Through Macedonia Veles is known as industrial center and recently, as a leader in the implementing of IT in the local administration in Macedonia.

Veles is a place of poetry, culture, history and tradition, as well as a city with plentiful and precious cultural heritage and centuries old churches.

Veles is a municipality of 55,000 residents.[8] The geographic location of the city of Veles makes it suitable for hiking and camping, especially at the west side of the city. One such location is the tranquil village Bogomila. Nearby there is the man made lake Mladost, which is known as the city's recreational centre.

Veles made international news in 2016 when it was revealed that a group of teenagers in the city were controlling over 100 websites producing fake news articles in support of U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump, which were heavily publicised on the social media site Facebook.[9][10][1]

MediaEdit

Two TV stations operate in Veles -Channel 21 & Zdravkin- and many radio stations.

SportsEdit

Veles has many sports teams, the most popular of which are :

  • FK Borec, football (soccer)
  • RK Borec, handball
  • BK Borec, wrestling
  • KK Borec, basketball

International relationsEdit

 
The clocktower in Veles

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Veles (city) is twinned with three other Balkanic towns :

Other forms of partnership :

  •   Pula (Croatia) (Document of friendship and cultural cooperation in 2002)[11]

Notable localsEdit

History, royalty and politics
Culture
Sports

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tavernise, Sabrina (7 December 2016), "As Fake News Spreads Lies, More Readers Shrug at the Truth", The New York Times, p. A1, retrieved 9 December 2016
  2. ^ Велес по осамостојувањето на Македонија Општина Велес
  3. ^ Rahmi Tekin, Osmanli Atlasi, Istanbul 2003
  4. ^ Angeliki Delikari, "Clement of Ochrid (Saint)." Religion Past and Present. Brill Online, 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013
  5. ^ Clemens van Ohrid
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 847
  7. ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/former/t0288.htm
  8. ^ veles.gov.mk Archived April 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Nicholas Kristof (2016-11-12). "Lies in the Guise of News in the Trump Era". Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  10. ^ Dan Tynan (2016-08-24). "How Facebook powers money machines for obscure political 'news' sites". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  11. ^ "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian and Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28.

Sources and external linksEdit