Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro
The Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Војска Србије и Црне Горе / Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore, ВСЦГ / VSCG) included ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense. Preceding the VSCG was the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia (1992–2003; Serbian: Војска Југославије / Vojska Jugoslavije, ВЈ / VJ) from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), the military of SFR Yugoslavia. The state, then named Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, participated in the Yugoslav Wars with limited direct intervention of its own armed forces. Following the end of the Wars and the constitutional reforms of 2003 by which the state was renamed "Serbia and Montenegro", the military accordingly changed its name. The military was heavily involved in combating Albanian separatists during the Kosovo War and Preševo Valley conflict, and also engaged NATO airplanes during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
|Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro|
|Војска Србије и Црне Горе|
Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore
Serbia and Montenegro Armed Forces' seal
|Founded||May 20, 1992|
|Disbanded||June 5, 2006|
|Headquarters||Belgrade, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro|
|Commanders of General Staff HQ|
|History||Bosnian War, Kosovo War, Preševo Valley conflict, Albania–Yugoslav border incident|
|Ranks||Ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro|
Upon the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro with the Montenegrin independence referendum (2006), a fraction of the joint military was given to Montenegro, with the bulk of the force remaining in Serbia. Montenegro inherited the navy as Serbia is landlocked.
The Armed Forces of Yugoslavia (VJ) was organized into the following:
- 1st Army
- Novi Sad Corps
- Belgrade Command
- Kragujevac Corps
- Independent units
- 2nd Army
- Podgorica Corps
- Užice Corps
- Independent units
- 3rd Army
- Niš Corps
- Leskovac Corps
- Priština Corps
- Independent units
- War Command
- Armoured vehicles
- Air Defence
- Infantry weapons
The inventory included MiG-21 (fighter/recon/trainer), MiG-29 (fighter/trainer), Soko J-22 (ground/recon/trainer), Soko G-2 (fighter/bomber/trainer), Soko G-4 (fighter/bomber/target/trainer, Antonov An-2 (cargo), Antonov An-26 (cargo), Yakovlev Yak-40 (VIP), Mil Mi-8 (multirole), Mil Mi-14 (anti-submarine), Kamov Ka-25 (anti-submarine), Kamov Ka-28 (anti-submarine), Aérospatiale Gazelle (attack/utility/recon).
The Federal Yugoslav Navy was based in Kotor and was largely made of vessels inherited from the SFR Yugoslav Navy. During NATO's Operation Allied Force in 1999, the Navy took control over civilian shipping around Kotor, despite NATO's blockade and in several actions the navy's warships fired at NATO aircraft that were on their way to strike Yugoslav targets. The Navy claimed to have shot down three UAVs over Boka Kotorska. The images of the remains of one of them were displayed online.
- Croatian War and Bosnian War (1992–1995), unofficially, logistical support and supplies
- Insurgency in Kosovo (27 May 1995 – 28 February 1998), belligerent, counter-terrorism
- Kosovo War (28 March 1998 – 11 June 1999), including NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (23 March – 10 June 1999), belligerent
- Insurgency in the Preševo Valley (12 June 1999 – 1 June 2001), belligerent, counter-terrorism
Civilians fit for military service were estimated at about 4,888,595 (2001 est.). The 2002 estimate for military expenditures as percent of GDP was 4.6%. Significant reforms were undertaken in the military of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2002 the Serbo-Montenegrin Military force numbered around 117,500 soldiers, supported by some 450,000 reserves. The 100,000 strong Army had 1,500 main battle tanks and 687 armed infantry vehicles. The Navy had 3,500 personnel, of whom 900 were marines. The entire Navy was composed totally out of 6 submarines, 3 frigates, 41 patrol & coastal ships and 14 "other" vessels. The Air force 14,000 personnel had 192 combat aircraft and 72 armed helicopters.
- Army or Ground Forces (Kopnena vojska – KoV VSCG)
- Air Force and Air Defense (Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna odbrana – RV i PVO VSCG)
- Navy (Ratna Mornarica – RM VSCG)
Military manpower – military age: 19 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower – availability:
males age 15–49: 3,579,620 (2003 est.)
Military manpower – fit for military service:
males age 15–49: 3,077,660 (2003 est.)
Military manpower – reaching military age annually:
males: 101,547 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures – dollar figure: $954 million (2002)
Military expenditures – percent of GDP: 4.6% (2002. est.)
Last chief of staff of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro was general Ljubiša Jokić.
- "Arsenal" magazine, 15 October 2007 Archived 26 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
- Hattendorf, John B. (2013-11-05). Naval Strategy and Power in the Mediterranean: Past, Present and Future. ISBN 9781136713163.
- Crisis in the Balkans: The Blockade, by Steven Lee Mayers, The New York Times, May 5, 1999
- Between Milosevic and the West, Montenegro's balance of fear, by Anna Husarska (17 April 1999), The New York Times
- "UAV Remains in Yugoslavia"
- Yugoslavia Ground Forces
- Serbian and Montenegrin Armed Forces / Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore – VSCG
- Army of Yugoslavia / Vojska Jugoslavije
- The Great Secret of Serbian Military Affair, which covers the time when Serbia and Montenegro was in the state union
- Encyclopedia of the Nations