Ard Schenk

Adrianus "Ard" Schenk (born 16 September 1944) is a former speed skater from the Netherlands, who is considered to be one of the best in history. His first Olympic success came in 1968, when he won a silver medal at the 1968 Winter Olympics. Between 1970 and 1972 Winter Olympics, Schenk won three consecutive World Allround Speed Skating Championships. He won three gold medals at the 1972 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Galina Kulakova of Soviet Union, the most successful athlete there.

Ard Schenk
Ard Schenk 2006.jpg
Schenk in 2006
Personal information
Full nameAdrianus Schenk
NationalityDutch
Born (1944-09-16) 16 September 1944 (age 76)
Anna Paulowna, Netherlands
Height1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight90 kg (198 lb)
Sport
CountryNetherlands
SportSpeed skating
Turned pro1973
Retired1974
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)500 m: 39.8 (1971)
1000 m: 1:20.6 (1968)
1500 m: 2:05.3 (1966)
3000 m: 4:08.3 (1972)
5000 m: 7:09.8 (1972)
10 000 m: 14:55.9 (1971)

BiographyEdit

 
Schenk (1965)

Schenk competed in international meets from 1964 on, winning his first medal at the 1965 world championships and his first gold medal at the 1966 European championships. In the late 60s, Schenk was usually bested by his compatriot Kees Verkerk, but in the early 1970s he dominated international speed skating. The winning duo of Ard & Keesie were responsible for a lasting popularity of speed skating in the Netherlands.

Schenk's career peaked in 1972. He won three gold medals during the Olympic Games in Sapporo (a fall on the 500 m precluded gold in all 4 distances). Had the 1000 meters already been an Olympic distance, Schenk would have been the favorite for gold, as he had won five of the six 1000 meter races at World Sprint Championship he participated in. The same year, he also won the European Allround and the World Allround Championships. He became World Allround Champion by winning all 4 distances, a feat that nobody had achieved since Ivar Ballangrud 40 years earlier, and which only Eric Heiden has repeated since (in 1979). Finally, he won bronze that year at the World Sprint Championships.

The next season (1973), he turned professional with a number of other prominent speed skaters,[1] thereby foregoing the opportunity of winning more championships. The professional circuit lasted two seasons and Schenk retired from speed skating at the relatively young age of 30.

RecordsEdit

World recordsEdit

Schenk was the first to skate the 10,000 meters within 15 minutes, and the first skater to finish the 1500 meters in less than 2 minutes. Over the course of his career he broke a total of 18 (senior) world records, a feat no skater before or after him has bettered. Among men, the sprint specialist Jeremy Wotherspoon came closest with his 16th world record in 2007,[2] while among women long-distance specialist Gunda Niemann equalled Schenk's mark in 2001.[3] By March 1971, Schenk held 6 of the 7 official world records at the same time, missing only the 500 m.[4] His 1000 m record was broken in March 1972 by Erhard Keller, but the other five stood until 1975 to 1978, when world records started to be skated at the high-altitude rink of Medeo.

Discipline Time Date Location
1500 m 2:06.2 26 January 1966 Davos
3000 m 4:26.2 29 January 1966 Inzell
1500 m 2:05.3 30 January 1966 Inzell
3000 m 4:18.4 25 February 1967 Inzell
1000 m 1:20.6 28 February 1967 Inzell
1000 m 1:20.6 5 February 1968 Davos
3000 m 4:12.6 15 January 1971 Davos
1500 m 1:58.7 16 January 1971 Davos
Big combination 171.317 31 January 1971 Oslo
10000 m 15:01.6 14 February 1971 Gothenburg
Big combination 171.130 14 February 1971 Gothenburg
1000 m 1:18.8 20 February 1971 Inzell
5000 m 7:12.0 13 March 1971 Inzell
10000 m 14:55.9 14 March 1971 Inzell
Big combination 168.248 14 March 1971 Inzell
3000 m 4:08.3 2 March 1972 Inzell
5000 m 7:09.8 4 March 1972 Inzell
Big combination 167.420 5 March 1972 Inzell

Source: SpeedSkatingStats.com[5]

Personal recordsEdit

Personal records[6]
Men's speed skating
Event Result Date Location Notes
500 meter 38.9 15 January 1971 Davos
1000 meter 1:18.8 20 February 1971 Inzell
1500 meter 1:58.7 16 January 1971 Davos
3000 meter 4:08.3 2 March 1972 Inzell
5000 meter 7:09.8 4 March 1972 Inzell
10000 meter 14:55.9 14 March 1971 Inzell
Big combination 167.420 5 March 1972 Inzell

Schenk has an Adelskalender score of 166.241 points. He was number one on the Adelskalender from 13 January 1966 until 27 February 1967 and again from 13 February 1971 until 19 March 1976 for a total of 6 years and 58 days. The Adelskalender is an all-time allround speed skating ranking.[7]

Tournament overviewEdit

Season Dutch
Championships
Allround
European
Championships
Allround
Olympic
Games
World
Championships
Allround
World
Championships
Sprint
ISSL
European
Championships
Allround
ISSL
World
Championships
Allround

1963–1964

  500m
5th 5000m
  1500m
9th 10000m
  overall
INNSBRUCK
13th 1500m
HELSINKI

9th 500m
15th 5000m
11th 1500m
13th 10000m
7th overall

1964–1965

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
GOTHENBURG

  500m
12th 5000m
10th 1500m
6th 10000m
5th overall
OSLO

6th 500m
10th 5000m
  1500m
6th 10000m
  overall

1965–1966

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
DEVENTER

4th 500m
  5000m
  1500m
4th 10000m
  overall
GOTHENBURG

  500m
  5000m
5th 1500m
4th 10000m
  overall

1966–1967

  500m
  5000m
4th 1500m
  10000m
  overall
LAHTI

32nd 500m
  5000m
10th 1500m
4th 10000m
15th overall
OSLO

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
4th 10000m
  overall

1967–1968

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
5th 10000m
  overall
OSLO

4th 500m
7th 5000m
10th 1500m
8th 10000m
6th overall
GRENOBLE

13th 500m
  1500m
GOTHENBURG

  500m
8th 5000m
  1500m
8th 10000m
  overall

1968–1969

  500m
  5000m
5th 1500m
5th 10000m
  overall
INZELL

6th 500m
4th 5000m
5th 1500m
13th 10000m
4th overall
DEVENTER

9th 500m
  5000m
28th 1500m
8th 10000m
13th overall

1969–1970

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
INNSBRUCK

4th 500m
  5000m
  1500m
5th 10000m
  overall
OSLO

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
4th 10000m
  overall
WEST ALLIS

16th 500m
  1000m
19th 500m
  1000m
6th overall

1970–1971

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
5th 10000m
  overall
HEERENVEEN

  500m
11th 5000m
  1500m
3rd 10000m
  overall
GOTHENBURG

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
INZELL

10th 500m
  1000m
11th 500m
  1000m
  overall

1971–1972
DAVOS

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
5th 10000m
  overall
SAPPORO

34th 500m
  1500m
  5000m
  10000m
OSLO

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
ESKILSTUNA

16th 500m
  1000m
16th 500m
  1000m
  overall

1972–1973
SKIEN

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall
GOTHENBURG

  500m
  5000m
  1500m
  10000m
  overall

1973–1974
TYNSET

4th 500m
8th 5000m
7th 1500m
6th 10000m
6th overall

Source:[8]

Medal wonEdit

Championship Gold
 
Silver
 
Bronze
 
Dutch Allround
3
4
1
European Allround
3
1
0
Olympic Games
3
1
0
World Allround
3
2
2
World Sprint
0
0
2
ISSL European Allround
1
0
0
ISSL World Allround
1
0
0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koomen 1973
  2. ^ Most world records set by men at SpeedSkatingStats.com
  3. ^ Most world records set by women at SpeedSkatingStats.com
  4. ^ A sprint combination world record was only introduced in the next season.
  5. ^ "Ard Schenk". SpeedSkatingStats.com. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  6. ^ https://www.speedskatingnews.info/en/data/skater/ard-schenk/
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-12. Retrieved 2007-02-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Adelskalender pages of Evert Stenlund
  8. ^ https://www.speedskatingnews.info/en/data/skater/ard-schenk/

BibliographyEdit

  • Bal, Rien and Van Dijk, Rob. Schaatskampioenen, alles over het seizoen 68-69 (Speedskating Champions, all about the season 68-69) . Amsterdam, the Netherlands: N.V. Het Parool, 1969. (Dutch)
  • Eng, Trond. All Time International Championships, Complete Results: 1889 - 2002. Askim, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2002.
  • Froger, Fred R. Topsporters: Ard Schenk * Kees Verkerk (Elite Athletes: Ard Schenk * Kees Verkerk). Bussum, the Netherlands: Van Holkema & Warendorf, 1967. (Dutch)
  • ___________ Winnaars op de schaats (Victors on Skates), Een Parool Sportpocket. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: N.V. Het Parool, 1968. (Dutch)
  • Koomen, Theo. 10 Jaar Topschaatsen (10 Years Elite Speedskating). Laren (NH), the Netherlands: Uitgeverij Luitingh, 1971. ISBN 90-245-0114-8. (Dutch)
  • _________ Topschaatsen 1972 (Elite Speedskating 1972). Laren (NH), the Netherlands: Uitgeverij Luitingh, 1972. ISBN 90-245-0152-0. (Dutch)
  • _________ Topschaatsen 3 (Elite Speedskating 3). Laren (NH), the Netherlands: Uitgeverij Luitingh, 1973. ISBN 90-245-0194-6. (Dutch)
  • Maaskant, Piet. Flitsende Ijzers, De geschiedenis van de schaatssport (Flashing Blades, the History of Dutch Speedskating). Zwolle, the Netherlands: La Rivière & Voorhoeve, 1967 (Second revised and expanded edition). (Dutch)
  • _________ Heya, Heya! Het nieuwe boek van de Schaatssport (Heya, Heya! The New book of Dutch Speedskating). Zwolle, the Netherlands: La Rivière & Voorhoeve, 1970. (Dutch)
  • Peereboom, Klaas. Van Jaap Eden tot Ard Schenk (From Jaap Eden till Ard Schenk). Baarn, the Netherlands: De Boekerij, 1972. ISBN 90-225-0346-1. (Dutch)
  • Schenk, Ard and Racké, Fred. Ard Apart, mijn groei naar de top (Ard on his own, his growth to the Top). Alkmaar, the Netherlands: Verenigde Noordhollandse Dagbladen, 1971. (Dutch)
  • Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Internasjonale Mesterskap 1889 - 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior, allround/sprint. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989. (Norwegian)
  • Van Eyle, Wim. Een Eeuw Nederlandse Schaatssport (A Century of Dutch Speedskating). Utrecht, the Netherlands: Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, 1982. ISBN 90-274-9476-2. (Dutch)
  • Witkamp, Anton and Koning, Dolf (eds.). Schaatsgoud '72 (Speedskating Gold '72). Bussum, the Netherlands: Teleboek NV, 1972. ISBN 90-6122-204-4. (Dutch)

External linksEdit


Awards
Preceded by
  Anton Geesink
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
with Kees Verkerk

1966
Succeeded by
  Kees Verkerk
Preceded by
  Tom Okker
Dutch Sportsman of the Year
1970 to 1972
Succeeded by
  Johan Cruijff
Preceded by
  Dag Fornæss
Oscar Mathisen Award
1970–1972
Succeeded by
  Göran Claeson
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Kees Broekman
Flagbearer for   Netherlands
1964 Innsbruck
Succeeded by
Stien Kaiser