European Speed Skating Championships for Men

The International Skating Union has organised the European Speed Skating Championships for Men since 1893. Unofficial championships were held in the years 1891–1892.

HistoryEdit

 
Medal winning countries at the European Speed Skating Championships.

ProgramEdit

  • In the years 1891–1892, three distances had to be skated: ⅓ mile (536 m) – 1 mile (1,609 m) – 3 miles (4,828 m).
  • In the years 1893–1895, three distances had to be skated: 500 m – 1500 m – 5000 m.
  • In the years 1896–1935, four distances had to be skated: 500 m – 1500 m – 5000 m – 10000 m (the big combination).
  • In the years 1936–1947, four distances had to be skated: 500 m – 1500 m – 3000 m – 5000 m (the small combination).
  • In the years 1948–2017 and subsequent odd years, four distances are skated: 500 m – 1500 m – 5000 m – 10000 m (the big combination).
  • Starting in 2017, in odd years, a separate competition with four distances is held: 500 m – 1000 m – 500 m – 1000 m (the sprint combination).
  • Starting in 2018, in even years, a single distance championships with seven events will be held: 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, 5000 m, team pursuit, mass start, and team sprint.[1]

Note that at the 1967 European Championships in Lahti, Finland, it was so cold that the officials decided that they did not want to expose the skaters to the extreme cold for a long time and so they replaced the 10000 m event with a 3000 m event, in effect using the small combination distances instead of the big combination ones.

Ranking systems usedEdit

  • In the years 1891–1892, one could only win the European Championships by winning all three distances. If no one won all three distances, no winner would be declared. Silver and bronze medals were not awarded.
  • In the years 1893–1907, one could only win the European Championships by winning the majority of the distances, so there would be no European Champion if no skater won at least three distances (two distances in the years 1893–1895, when only three distances were skated). Silver and bronze medals were never awarded.
  • In the years 1908–1925, ranking points were awarded (1 point for 1st place, 2 points for 2nd place, and so on); the final ranking was then decided by ordering the skaters by lowest point totals. The rule that a skater winning at least three distances was automatically European Champion was still in effect, though, so the ranking could be affected by that. Silver and bronze medals were awarded now as well.
  • In the years 1926–1927, the ranking points on each distance were percentage points, calculated from a skater's time and the current European record time. Apart from that, the system used was the same as in the immediately preceding years.
  • Since 1928, the samalog system has been in use.

Medal winnersEdit

Unofficial Allround championshipsEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1891 Hamburg None declared None declared None declared
1892 Vienna   Franz Schilling None declared None declared
1946 Trondheim   Göthe Hedlund   Aage Johansen   Nikolay Petrov

Official Allround championshipsEdit

Note that from 1936 to 1948, non-European skaters were allowed to participate if they were members of European skating clubs.

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1893 Berlin   Rudolf Ericson None declared None declared
1894 Hamar None declared None declared None declared
1895 Budapest   Alfred Næss None declared None declared
1896 Hamburg   Julius Seyler None declared None declared
1897 Amsterdam   Julius Seyler (2) None declared None declared
1898 Helsingfors (Helsinki)   Gustaf Estlander [2] None declared None declared
1899 Davos   Peder Østlund None declared None declared
1900 Štrbské Pleso   Peder Østlund (2) None declared None declared
1901 Trondhjem (Trondheim)   Rudolf Gundersen None declared None declared
1902 Davos   Johan Schwartz None declared None declared
1903 Kristiania (Oslo) None declared None declared None declared
1904 Davos   Rudolf Gundersen None declared None declared
1905 Stockholm   Johan Vikander [3] None declared None declared
1906 Davos   Rudolf Gundersen (3) None declared None declared
1907 Davos   Moje Öholm None declared None declared
1908 Klagenfurt   Moje Öholm (2)   Oscar Mathisen   Thomas Bohrer
1909 Budapest   Oscar Mathisen   Thomas Bohrer   Moje Öholm
1910 Viipuri   Nikolay Strunnikov   Magnus Johansen   Oscar Mathisen
1911 Hamar   Nikolay Strunnikov (2)   Thomas Bohrer   Otto Andersson
1912 Stockholm   Oscar Mathisen   Gunnar Strömstén [4]   Martin Sæterhaug
1913 St. Petersburg   Vasily Ippolitov   Oscar Mathisen   Nikita Naidenov
1914 Berlin   Oscar Mathisen (3)   Vasily Ippolitov   Bjarne Frang
1915 Not held due to World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922 Helsingfors (Helsinki)   Clas Thunberg   Ole Olsen   Asser Wallenius
1923 Hamar   Harald Strøm   Clas Thunberg   Roald Larsen
1924 Kristiania (Oslo)   Roald Larsen   Clas Thunberg   Oskar Olsen
1925 St. Moritz   Otto Polacsek   Roald Larsen   Oskar Olsen
1926 Chamonix   Julius Skutnabb   Otto Polacsek   Uuno Pietilä
1927 Stockholm   Bernt Evensen   Clas Thunberg   Ivar Ballangrud
1928 Oslo   Clas Thunberg   Bernt Evensen   Roald Larsen
1929 Davos   Ivar Ballangrud   Clas Thunberg   Roald Larsen
1930 Nidaros (Trondheim)   Ivar Ballangrud   Michael Staksrud   Thorstein Stenbek
1931 Stockholm   Clas Thunberg   Ossi Blomqvist   Dolf van der Scheer
1932 Davos   Clas Thunberg (4)   Ossi Blomqvist   Rudolf Riedl
1933 Viipuri   Ivar Ballangrud   Birger Wasenius   Kalle Paananen
1934 Hamar   Michael Staksrud   Max Stiepl   Karl Wazulek
1935 Helsinki   Karl Wazulek   Bernt Evensen   Birger Wasenius
1936 Oslo   Ivar Ballangrud (4)   Charles Mathiesen   Harry Haraldsen
1937 Davos   Michael Staksrud (2)   Hans Engnestangen   Birger Wasenius
1938 Oslo   Charles Mathiesen   Harry Haraldsen   Ivar Ballangrud
1939 Riga   Alfons Bērziņš   Charles Mathiesen   Aage Johansen
1940 Not held due to World War II
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947 Stockholm   Åke Seyffarth   Göthe Hedlund   Sverre Farstad
1948 Hamar   Reidar Liaklev   Göthe Hedlund   Odd Lundberg
1949 Davos   Sverre Farstad   Hjalmar Andersen   Kornél Pajor
1950 Helsinki   Hjalmar Andersen   Reidar Liaklev   Sverre Haugli
1951 Oslo   Hjalmar Andersen   Wim van der Voort   Henry Wahl
1952 Östersund   Hjalmar Andersen (3)   Kees Broekman   Kornél Pajor [5]
1953 Hamar   Kees Broekman   Wim van der Voort   Ivar Martinsen
1954 Davos   Boris Shilkov   Hjalmar Andersen   Sigvard Ericsson
1955 Falun   Sigvard Ericsson   Oleg Goncharenko   Dmitry Sakunenko
1956 Helsinki   Yevgeny Grishin   Knut Johannesen   Sigvard Ericsson
1957 Oslo   Oleg Goncharenko   Knut Johannesen   Roald Aas
1958 Eskilstuna   Oleg Goncharenko (2)   Vladimir Shilykovsky   Knut Johannesen
1959 Gothenburg   Knut Johannesen   Juhani Järvinen   Toivo Salonen
1960 Oslo   Knut Johannesen (2)   Boris Stenin   Roald Aas
1961 Helsinki   Viktor Kosichkin   Henk van der Grift   André Kouprianoff
1962 Oslo   Robert Merkulov   André Kouprianoff   Boris Stenin
1963 Gothenburg   Nils Aaness   Knut Johannesen   Per Ivar Moe
1964 Oslo   Ants Antson   Yuri Yumashev   Per Ivar Moe
1965 Gothenburg   Eduard Matusevich   Per Ivar Moe   Viktor Kosichkin
1966 Deventer   Ard Schenk   Kees Verkerk   Valeri Kaplan
1967 Lahti   Kees Verkerk   Valeri Kaplan   Eduard Matusevich
1968 Oslo   Fred Anton Maier   Eduard Matusevich   Magne Thomassen
1969 Inzell   Dag Fornæss   Kees Verkerk   Göran Claeson
1970 Innsbruck   Ard Schenk   Dag Fornæss   Göran Claeson
1971 Heerenveen   Dag Fornæss (2)   Ard Schenk   Kees Verkerk
1972 Davos   Ard Schenk (3)   Roar Grønvold   Jan Bols
1973 Grenoble   Göran Claeson   Hans van Helden   Harm Kuipers
1974 Eskilstuna   Göran Claeson (2)   Amund Sjøbrend   Hans van Helden
1975 Heerenveen   Sten Stensen   Harm Kuipers   Piet Kleine
1976 Oslo   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet   Sten Stensen   Jan Egil Storholt
1977 Larvik   Jan Egil Storholt   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet   Amund Sjøbrend
1978 Oslo   Sergey Marchuk   Sten Stensen   Jan Egil Storholt
1979 Deventer   Jan Egil Storholt (2)   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet   Sergey Marchuk
1980 Trondheim   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet (2)   Jan Egil Storholt   Tom Erik Oxholm
1981 Deventer   Amund Sjøbrend   Hilbert van der Duim   Kay Arne Stenshjemmet
1982 Oslo   Tomas Gustafson   Rolf Falk-Larssen   Hilbert van der Duim
1983 The Hague   Hilbert van der Duim   Yep Kramer   Bjørn Nyland
1984 Larvik   Hilbert van der Duim (2)   Rolf Falk-Larssen   Frits Schalij
1985 Eskilstuna   Hein Vergeer   Frits Schalij   Oleg Bozhev
1986 Oslo   Hein Vergeer (2)   Aleksandr Mozin   Tomas Gustafson
1987 Trondheim   Nikolay Gulyayev   Michael Hadschieff   Hein Vergeer
1988 The Hague   Tomas Gustafson (2)   Leo Visser   Gerard Kemkers
1989 Gothenburg   Leo Visser   Gerard Kemkers   Geir Karlstad
1990 Heerenveen   Bart Veldkamp   Tomas Gustafson   Leo Visser
1991 Sarajevo   Johann Olav Koss   Leo Visser   Bart Veldkamp
1992 Heerenveen   Falko Zandstra   Johann Olav Koss   Rintje Ritsma
1993 Heerenveen   Falko Zandstra (2)   Johann Olav Koss   Rintje Ritsma
1994 Hamar   Rintje Ritsma   Johann Olav Koss   Falko Zandstra
1995 Heerenveen   Rintje Ritsma   Falko Zandstra   Roberto Sighel
1996 Heerenveen   Rintje Ritsma   Ids Postma   Martin Hersman
1997 Heerenveen   Ids Postma   Rintje Ritsma   Falko Zandstra
1998 Helsinki   Rintje Ritsma   Roberto Sighel   Vadim Sayutin
1999 Heerenveen   Rintje Ritsma   Roberto Sighel   Dmitry Shepel
2000 Hamar   Rintje Ritsma (6)   Eskil Ervik   Ids Postma
2001 Baselga di Pinè   Dmitry Shepel   Bart Veldkamp [6]   Ids Postma
2002 Erfurt   Jochem Uytdehaage   Carl Verheijen   Dmitry Shepel
2003 Heerenveen   Gianni Romme   Rintje Ritsma   Mark Tuitert
2004 Heerenveen   Mark Tuitert   Carl Verheijen   Jochem Uytdehaage
2005 Heerenveen   Jochem Uytdehaage (2)   Sven Kramer   Carl Verheijen
2006 Hamar   Enrico Fabris   Eskil Ervik   Håvard Bøkko
2007 Collalbo   Sven Kramer   Enrico Fabris   Carl Verheijen
2008 Kolomna   Sven Kramer   Håvard Bøkko   Enrico Fabris
2009 Heerenveen   Sven Kramer   Håvard Bøkko   Wouter olde Heuvel
2010 Hamar   Sven Kramer   Enrico Fabris   Ivan Skobrev
2011 Collalbo   Ivan Skobrev   Jan Blokhuijsen   Koen Verweij
2012 Budapest   Sven Kramer   Jan Blokhuijsen   Håvard Bøkko
2013 Heerenveen   Sven Kramer   Jan Blokhuijsen   Håvard Bøkko
2014 Hamar   Jan Blokhuijsen   Koen Verweij   Håvard Bøkko
2015 Chelyabinsk   Sven Kramer   Koen Verweij   Denis Yuskov
2016 Minsk   Sven Kramer   Bart Swings   Jan Blokhuijsen
2017 Heerenveen   Sven Kramer   Jan Blokhuijsen   Bart Swings
2019 Collalbo   Sven Kramer (10)   Patrick Roest   Sverre Lunde Pedersen
2021 Heerenveen   Patrick Roest   Marcel Bosker   Sverre Lunde Pedersen

Sprint championshipsEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2017 Heerenveen   Kai Verbij   Kjeld Nuis   Nico Ihle
2019 Collalbo   Kai Verbij (2)   Håvard Holmefjord Lorentzen   Henrik Fagerli Rukke
2021 Heerenveen   Thomas Krol   Hein Otterspeer   Joel Dufter

500 metresEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Ronald Mulder   Mika Poutala   Pavel Kulizhnikov
2020 Heerenveen   Pavel Kulizhnikov   Dai Dai Ntab   Ruslan Murashov

1000 metresEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Pavel Kulizhnikov   Denis Yuskov   Nico Ihle
2020 Heerenveen   Pavel Kulizhnikov (2)   Thomas Krol   Kai Verbij

1500 metresEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Denis Yuskov   Thomas Krol   Koen Verweij
2020 Heerenveen   Thomas Krol   Denis Yuskov   Patrick Roest

5000 metresEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Nicola Tumolero   Aleksandr Rumyantsev   Marcel Bosker
2020 Heerenveen   Patrick Roest   Sven Kramer   Denis Yuskov

Mass startEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Jan Blokhuijsen   Andrea Giovannini   Ruslan Zakharov
2020 Heerenveen   Bart Swings   Arjan Stroetinga   Danila Semerikov

Team pursuitEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Netherlands
Jan Blokhuijsen
Marcel Bosker
Simon Schouten
  Russia
Sergey Gryaztsov
Aleksandr Rumyantsev
Danila Semerikov
  Poland
Zbigniew Bródka
Jan Szymański
Adrian Wielgat
2020 Heerenveen   Netherlands
Marcel Bosker (2)
Sven Kramer
Patrick Roest
  Russia
Aleksandr Rumyantsev
Danila Semerikov
Denis Yuskov
  Norway
Håvard Bøkko
Hallgeir Engebråten
Sverre Lunde Pedersen

Team sprintEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
2018 Kolomna   Russia
Pavel Kulizhnikov
Ruslan Murashov
Denis Yuskov
  Finland
Pekka Koskela
Harri Levo
Mika Poutala
  Poland
Sebastian Klosinski
Piotr Michalski
Artur Nogal
2020 Heerenveen   Russia
Pavel Kulizhnikov (2)
Ruslan Murashov (2)
Viktor Mushtakov
  Norway
Odin By Farstad
Håvard Holmefjord Lorentzen
Bjørn Magnussen
   Switzerland
Oliver Grob
Christian Oberbichler
Livio Wenger

All-time medal countEdit

Allround and Sprint Championships (1891–2021)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Netherlands39322697
2  Norway383838114
3  Soviet Union107825
4  Sweden103821
5  Finland79622
6  Russia51612
7  Austria35311
8  Germany2024
9  Italy1427
10  Latvia1001
11  Belgium0213
12  France0112
13  Hungary0011
Totals (13 nations)116102102320

Single Distance Championships (2018–2020)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Russia65516
2  Netherlands65415
3  Italy1102
4  Belgium1001
5  Finland0202
6  Norway0112
7  Poland0022
8  Germany0011
   Switzerland0011
Totals (9 nations)14141442

Combined all-time medal count (1891–2021)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Netherlands453730112
2  Norway383939116
3  Russia1161128
4  Soviet Union107825
5  Sweden103821
6  Finland711624
7  Austria35311
8  Italy2529
9  Germany2035
10  Belgium1214
11  Latvia1001
12  France0112
13  Poland0022
14  Hungary0011
   Switzerland0011
Totals (15 nations)130116116362

Multiple medalistsEdit

Boldface denotes active skaters and highest medal count among all skaters (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Allround and Sprint ChampionshipsEdit

Rank Skater Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Sven Kramer   Netherlands 2005 2019 10 1 11
2 Rintje Ritsma   Netherlands 1992 2003 6 2 2 10
3 Clas Thunberg   Finland 1922 1932 4 4 8
4 Ivar Ballangrud   Norway 1927 1938 4 2 6
5 Oscar Mathisen   Norway 1908 1914 3 2 1 6
6 Hjalmar Andersen   Norway 1949 1954 3 2 5
7 Ard Schenk   Netherlands 1966 1972 3 1 4
8 Rudolf Gundersen   Norway 1901 1906 3 3
9 Knut Johannesen   Norway 1956 1963 2 3 1 6
10 Kay Arne Stenshjemmet   Norway 1976 1981 2 2 1 5

All eventsEdit

Rank Skater Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Sven Kramer   Netherlands 2005 2020 11 2 13
2 Rintje Ritsma   Netherlands 1992 2003 6 2 2 10
3 Pavel Kulizhnikov   Russia 2018 2020 5 1 6
4 Clas Thunberg   Finland 1922 1932 4 4 8
5 Ivar Ballangrud   Norway 1927 1938 4 2 6
6 Jan Blokhuijsen   Netherlands 2011 2018 3 4 1 8
7 Oscar Mathisen   Norway 1908 1914 3 2 1 6
8 Hjalmar Andersen   Norway 1949 1954 3 2 5
9 Patrick Roest   Netherlands 2019 2021 3 1 1 5
10 Ard Schenk   Netherlands 1966 1972 3 1 4

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Footnotes
  1. ^ "EK sprint en EK afstanden toegevoegd aan schaatskalender". NU.nl (in Dutch). June 8, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  2. ^ Estlander represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  3. ^ Vikander represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  4. ^ Strömstén represented the Grand Duchy of Finland which was part of the Russian Empire at that time.
  5. ^ Pajor used to skate for Hungary until he defected in 1949. From then on the ISU allowed him to participate as an independent skater representing the ISU. In 1952 he skated for the Castor Sport Federation of Östersund in Sweden also representing Sweden.
  6. ^ Until 1995 Veldkamp skated for the Netherlands. From 1996 he skated for Belgium in order to avoid having to participate in Dutch qualification trials for the major tournaments.