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Aon Center (Chicago)

The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street, formerly Amoco Building)[3] is a modern supertall skyscraper in the Chicago Loop, Chicago, Illinois, United States, designed by architect firms Edward Durell Stone and The Perkins and Will partnership, and completed in 1974[4] as the Standard Oil Building.[5] With 83 floors and a height of 1,136 feet (346 m), it is the third tallest building in Chicago,[2] surpassed in height by the Willis Tower, and the Trump International Hotel and Tower.

Aon Center
2006-06-07 840x1500 chicago aon building.jpg
The Aon Center, designed by Edward Durell Stone
Aon Center (Chicago) is located in Chicago metropolitan area
Aon Center (Chicago)
Location within Chicago metropolitan area
Aon Center (Chicago) is located in Illinois
Aon Center (Chicago)
Aon Center (Chicago) (Illinois)
Aon Center (Chicago) is located in the US
Aon Center (Chicago)
Aon Center (Chicago) (the US)
General information
StatusComplete
TypeOffice
Location200 E. Randolph St.
Chicago, Illinois 60601,
United States
Coordinates41°53′07″N 87°37′17″W / 41.88528°N 87.62139°W / 41.88528; -87.62139Coordinates: 41°53′07″N 87°37′17″W / 41.88528°N 87.62139°W / 41.88528; -87.62139
Construction started1970
Opening1973
Cost$120,000,000 (USD)
OwnerMark Karasick
Victor Gerstein[1]
Height
Architectural346.3 m (1,136 ft)[2]
Tip362.5 m (1,189 ft)[2]
Top floor328 m (1,076 ft)[2]
Technical details
Floor count83 above ground[2]
5 below ground
Floor area3,599,968 sq ft (334,448 m2)[2]
Lifts/elevators50, made by the Otis Elevator Company
Design and construction
ArchitectEdward Durell Stone[2]
DeveloperStandard Oil of Indiana
Main contractorTurner Construction[2]
References
[2]

The building is managed by Jones Lang LaSalle, which is also headquartered in the building. Aon Center formerly had the world headquarters of Aon and Amoco. Aon's US operations are still headquartered here.[6][7] The building is also the co-headquarters of Kraft Heinz.[8][9]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Alternate views
from northwest
from south

ConstructionEdit

The Standard Oil Building was constructed as the new headquarters of the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, which had previously been housed at South Michigan Avenue and East 9th Street. When it was completed in 1973, it was the tallest building in Chicago and the fourth-tallest in the world, earning it the nickname "Big Stan".[10] (A year later, the Sears Tower took the title as Chicago's and world's tallest.) The building employs a tubular steel-framed structural system with V-shaped perimeter columns to resist earthquakes, reduce sway, minimize column bending, and maximize column-free space. This construction method was also used for the former World Trade Center towers in New York City.

RefacingEdit

When completed, it was the world's tallest marble-clad building, being sheathed entirely with 43,000 slabs of Italian Carrara marble. The marble used was thinner than previously attempted in cladding a building; this quickly proved to be a mistake. On December 25, 1973, during construction a 350-pound marble slab detached from the façade and penetrated the roof of the nearby Prudential Center.[11] In 1985, inspection found numerous cracks and bowing in the marble cladding of the building. To alleviate the problem, stainless steel straps were added to hold the marble in place.[10] Later, from 1990 to 1992, the entire building was refaced with Mount Airy white granite at an estimated cost of over $80 million.[5][12] (Amoco was reluctant to divulge the actual amount, but it was well over half the original price of the building, without adjustment for inflation.) Two-thirds of the discarded marble was crushed and used as landscaping decoration at Amoco's refinery in Whiting, Indiana, one-sixth was donated to Governors State University, in University Park, Illinois, and one-sixth donated to Regalo, a division of Lashcon Inc. Under a grant from the Illinois Department of Rehabilitative Services, Regalo's 25 handicapped workers carved the discarded marble into a variety of specialty items such as corporate gifts and mementos including desk clocks and pen holders.[5][13] The building's facade now somewhat resembles that of the former World Trade Center due to the upward flow of the columns.

DesignationEdit

The Standard Oil Building was renamed the Amoco Building when the company changed names in 1985. In 1998, Amoco sold the building to The Blackstone Group for an undisclosed amount, estimated to be between $430 and $440 million.[5][10] It was renamed as the Aon Center on December 30, 1999, although the Aon Corporation would not become the building's primary tenant until September 2001.[14] In May 2003, Wells Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. acquired the building for between $465 and $475 million.[5][15] (On August 10, 2007, Wells Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc. changed its name to Piedmont Office Realty Trust, Inc.)[16]

 
Looking up the building from the ground.
 
Looking from the North, with Aqua visible.

Real estate investors Mark Karasick and Victor Gerstein acquired the building from Piedmont in 2015 for $713 million.[1]

Planned observation deckEdit

On May 14, 2018 the owners unveiled $185 million proposal for an observatory featuring a thrill ride on the roof called the Sky Summit, the world tallest exterior elevator, and new entrance pavilion.[17]

Exterior lightingEdit

In recent years, the top floors of the building have been lit at night with colors to reflect a particular season or holiday. Orange is used for Thanksgiving, green or red for Christmas, and pink during National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. The lighting commonly matches the nighttime lighting on the antenna of Willis Tower, the John Hancock Center and the upper floors of the Merchandise Mart.

PlazaEdit

In the plaza, there is a sounding sculpture by Harry Bertoia.

Position in Chicago's skylineEdit

311 South WackerWillis TowerChicago Board of Trade Building111 South WackerAT&T Corporate CenterKluczynski Federal BuildingCNA CenterChase TowerThree First National PlazaMid-Continental PlazaRichard J. Daley CenterChicago Title and Trust Center77 West WackerPittsfield BuildingLeo Burnett BuildingThe Heritage at Millennium ParkCrain Communications BuildingIBM PlazaOne Prudential PlazaTwo Prudential PlazaAon CenterBlue Cross and Blue Shield Tower340 on the ParkPark TowerOlympia Centre900 North MichiganJohn Hancock CenterWater Tower PlaceHarbor PointThe ParkshoreNorth Pier ApartmentsLake Point TowerJay Pritzker PavilionBuckingham FountainLake MichiganLake MichiganLake Michigan 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "J.P. Morgan, Brookfield Provide $678M Financing Package for Chicago's Aon Center". Commercial Observer. 2018-06-08.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Aon Center - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08.
  3. ^ Roeder, David (2003-02-21). "New owner expected for Aon Center". Chicago Sun-Times. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  4. ^ "The Sky's the Limit: A Century of Chicago Skyscrapers" New York: Rizzoli, 1990, Saliga, Pauline, ed.
  5. ^ a b c d e Emporis. "Aon Center, Chicago". Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  6. ^ Aon Shifts Headquarters to London
  7. ^ "Contacts." Amoco. February 12, 1998. Retrieved on March 31, 2010.
  8. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-kraft-heinz-job-cuts-20170223-story.html
  9. ^ https://www.bizjournals.com/chicago/news/2015/07/16/kraft-heinz-preps-hq-move-into-chicago.html
  10. ^ a b c Glass Steel and Stone. "Aon Center". Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  11. ^ Chicago Tribune, December 26, 1973
  12. ^ McMillan, Greg (2007-06-12). "Two buildings, two cities, one problem". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved 2007-09-25.[dead link]
  13. ^ Stephen D. Cosper; William H. Hallenbeck; Gary R. Brenniman (January 1993). "Construction and Demolition Waste: Generation, Regulation, Practices, Processing, and Policies" (PDF). University of Illinois at Chicago, Office of Solid Waste Management. p. 31. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  14. ^ Business Wire. "ADVISORY/Chicago Landmark Office Tower Officially Renamed Aon Center During Unveiling Ceremony". Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  15. ^ Miller Cicero, LLC (2003-10-07). "Trophy Building Sale Sets New Record". Archived from the original on 2007-05-18. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  16. ^ Piedmont Office Realty Trust, Inc. "Wells REIT Changes Name to Piedmont Office Realty Trust". Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
  17. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-biz-chicago-observation-decks-20180511-story.html

External linksEdit

Preceded by
John Hancock Center
Tallest building in Chicago
1972–1973
346 m
Succeeded by
Willis Tower
Tallest building in the United States outside of New York City
1972–1973
346 m