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Andrew Philip Drummond-Murray (born 3 July 1958),[1] commonly known as Andrew Murray, is a British trade union and Labour Party official, and activist. Murray was seconded from Unite to Labour headquarters for the 2017 general election, subsequently becoming an adviser to Jeremy Corbyn.

Andrew Murray
Special Political Advisor
for the Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
26 February 2018
LeaderJeremy Corbyn
Preceded byPosition established
Chair of the Stop the War Coalition
In office
12 September 2015 – 12 October 2016
DeputyChris Nineham
Preceded byJeremy Corbyn
Succeeded byMurad Qureshi
In office
21 September 2001 – 14 June 2011
PresidentTony Benn
DeputyChris Nineham
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byJeremy Corbyn
Chief of Staff of Unite the Union
Assumed office
1 January 2011
General SecretaryLen McCluskey
Personal details
Born
Andrew Philip Drummond-Murray

(1958-07-03) 3 July 1958 (age 61)
Political partyLabour Party (2016–present)
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of Great Britain (1976–1991)
Communist Party of Britain (1995–2016)
Spouse(s)Susan Michie (1981–1997)
Anna Kruthoffer (2003–present)
RelationsArthur Hope, 2nd Baron Rankeillour
(maternal grandfather)
ParentsPeter Drummond-Murray of Mastrick
Hon. Barbara Mary Hope
EducationWorth School
OccupationTrade union official
CommitteesGeneral Council of the Trades Union Congress (2011–present)
Executive Committee of the Communist Party of Britain (2000–2004, 2008–2011)

Born into an aristocratic Scottish family, Murray began his career as a journalist and later became a senior official for various trade unions.[2]

After forty years in the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) and then the Communist Party of Britain, he joined the Labour Party towards the end of 2016.[3][4] He was chair of the Stop the War Coalition from its formation in 2001 until June 2011, and again from September 2015 to 2016.

BiographyEdit

Education and journalismEdit

 
Worth School

Murray was born in 1958 to Peter Drummond-Murray of Mastrick, a stockbroker and banker who was Slains Pursuivant from 1981 to 2009, and The Honourable Barbara Mary Hope, daughter of former Conservative MP and governor of the Madras Presidency in British India from 1940 to 1946 Lord Rankeillour.[5][6] He was educated at Worth School, a Benedictine independent boarding school in Sussex.[7] Murray left school at 16 with 4 'O' levels.

After working as a messenger at Reader's Digest and a copy boy for the International Herald Tribune, he undertook journalism training at the Sussex Express.[8] Murray was appointed as a parliamentary lobby correspondent at the age of 19.[9] In this post, he "[marched] with a million Leningraders to mark the 60th anniversary of the October Revolution in 1977"[10] and was reportedly the first journalist at the scene when Airey Neave was assassinated in 1979 by the Irish National Liberation Army.[8] From 1986 to 1987, he worked for the Soviet Novosti news agency.[9] He was also a Morning Star journalist, a publication to which he still contributes.

Trade union rolesEdit

At the Transport and General Workers Union, an organisation for which Murray worked from 1987 to 1998 and again from 2003,[11] he was heavily involved in the conduct of the British Airways cabin crew strike of 1997, and in the successful general secretary election campaigns of Bill Morris (1991 and 1995) and Tony Woodley (2003) and, after the formation of Unite as a merger of the T&G and Amicus, of Len McCluskey in 2010. Murray was appointed as chief of staff for Unite in 2011 following Len McCluskey's election as general secretary late the previous year.[12] Responsible for most of the union's central departments and for its ten regions, he was elected to the TUC General Council in April 2011. Ahead of the public sector pension strike, he was named by Education Secretary Michael Gove in November 2011 as being, along with McCluskey and Mark Serwotka, one of three union "militants" who were "itching for a fight".

He has also worked as an official for the Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF).

Murray defended Arthur Scargill in a review of Marching to the Fault Line by Francis Beckett and David Hencke, which criticises the NUM leader's role in the miners' strike, advising Morning Star readers not to buy the book as doing so would only "feed the jackals".[13]

Politicial activityEdit

Murray joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1976, aged 18, and became associated with its Straight Left faction. At this time, Murray became a close friend of Seumas Milne, who was also active in Straight Left.[8][12] Murray's allies during the period have been described by Francis Beckett as "more extreme than most of the Stalinists I knew. The Stalinists were known as tankies, but Murray’s lot were super-tankies".[12] Following the dissolution of the CPGB in 1991 he was a leader of the Communist Liaison group, which itself dissolved in 1995 with Murray and its other members joining the Communist Party of Britain.[14] Murray served on the Communist Party of Britain's executive committee from 2000 to 2004, and was an advocate of the party supporting the Respect Coalition in the European and municipal elections that year. He served once more on the party's executive from 2008 until 2011. He told John Harris in 2015: "Communism still represents, in my view, a society worth working towards – albeit not by the methods of the 20th century, which failed".[14]

As chair of Stop the War, Murray presided at the concluding rally against the Iraq War in 2003, a rally which is claimed as the largest political demonstration in British history. He announced his intention to stand down as Stop the War chair in June 2011 and was succeeded by the Labour MP Jeremy Corbyn in September 2011. Murray was elected by the Coalition's Steering Committee to the new post of Deputy President, but returned to the position of chair in September 2015, following Corbyn's election as Leader of the Labour Party.

Labour Party rolesEdit

By November 2016, Murray had joined the Labour Party[3][4] and, in May 2017 he was seconded from Unite to Labour headquarters during the 2017 general election.[15] The appointment was contentious because of Murray's previous leadership role within the Communist Party of Britain, and was described by one Labour Party source to The Huffington Post as "Corbyn's Labour has gone full Trump. Andrew Murray is the hard-left's Steve Bannon".[16][17] Asked by journalists about the appointment, Corbyn said Murray "is a person of enormous abilities and professionalism" who possesses "special skills".[18] Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell defended the decision saying "He has left the Communist Party, and joined Labour. We are converting people to democratic socialism."[19] The Daily Mirror's Associate Editor Kevin Maguire described him as "smart, shrewd, pragmatic and witty".[20]

Murray was quoted in The Guardian on the day after the election about the unexpected exit poll announced just after the polling stations had closed. "There was a tremendous moment of elation when the exit poll was announced because it became apparent that the campaign had achieved the most stunning turnaround in public opinion in seven weeks" which saw Labour rise "from mid 20s in the polls at the start of the campaign to denying the Tories a majority. It was a moment of shared achievement".[21] In a December 2017 interview with the Morning Star, Murray called for the readmission of George Galloway to the Labour Party.[22]

In late February 2018, The Guardian reported that Murray was working 1½ days a week as a consultant to the Labour Party.[23]

Angela Smith and Mike Gapes, former Labour MPs who left to found the centrist Independent Group of MPs, said that Murray's involvement in the Labour Party were factors in them leaving.[10]

Positions and other workEdit

Admiral Duncan pub bombingEdit

Regarding the neo-Nazi Admiral Duncan pub bombing in 1999 by David Copeland, Murray wrote in the Morning Star: "Everything about this episode strikes me as odd. It happened during a war [i.e. the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia] that is not going particularly well", and alleged that some neo-Nazi groups "may very well have been established with MI5 or Special Branch connivance. And certainly the state — or groups within the security apparatus — is more than capable of manipulating deranged human-haters without the latter even noticing that they are being manipulated."[10] Murray told The Times in 2019: "As I wrote at the time my speculations were no more than 'conjecture and supposition'. There is no basis for any suggestion that the bombing of the Admiral Duncan was the responsibility of anyone other than David Copeland."[10]

Communism and other issuesEdit

Murray is considered an apologist for Joseph Stalin by his critics, such as Nick Cohen.[9] Described as an "admirer" in The Independent on Sunday in 2003,[24] in 1999 he wrote in his Morning Star column:

Next Tuesday is the 120th anniversary of the birth of Josef Stalin. His career is the subject of a vast and ever expanding literature. Read it all and, at the end, you are still left paying your money and taking your choice. A socialist system embracing a third of the world and the defeat of Nazi Germany on the one hand. On the other, all accompanied by harsh measures imposed by a one-party regime. Nevertheless, if you believe that the worst crimes visited on humanity this century, from colonialism to Hiroshima and from concentration camps to mass poverty and unemployment have been caused by imperialism, then [Stalin's birthday] might at least be a moment to ponder why the authors of those crimes and their hack propagandists abominate the name of Stalin beyond all others. It was, after all, Stalin's best-known critic, Nikita Khrushchev, who remarked in 1956 that 'against imperialists, we are all Stalinists'.[25]

In 1999, Murray said of KGB spy Melita Norwood: "She herself says that she has no regrets and I do not see why she should. She took advantage of the position that she was in to give her side a bit of help in the international class struggle. The strength of the Soviet Union was a huge factor in favour of world peace, something which has become more obvious in its absence today. Those who contributed, however slightly, to that strength did all of us a service."[10] When asked about these comments by The Times in 2019, he said "The Cold War is over. I would under no circumstances condone anyone acting as Melita Norwood did today."[10]

In 2008, Murray identified "one of the successes" of the "nationalities policy of the Soviet Union" as being the promotion of "the cultural, linguistic and educational development of each ethnic group, no matter how small or how historically marginalised."[26] This comment was criticised by author Edward Lucas in The Guardian who accused Murray of ignoring "the Chechens, Crimean Tatars and other victims of Stalin's murderous deportation policies."[27] In a short history of the CPGB, published in 1995, Murray wrote: "That things happened in the USSR which were inexcusable and which ultimately prejudiced Socialism’s whole prospect is today undeniable. Whether Communists in the capitalist world could or should have done more than they did is much more contentious".[28] Oliver Kamm, in The Times commented in 2016: "In short, Mr Murray believes that British communists in the 1930s were justified in backing the Great Terror, the Moscow Trials and the Ukraine famine. Mr Murray predictably supports the most nightmarish totalitarian state in the modern world".[28] Murray was a critic of David Miliband in his role as Foreign Secretary, arguing that his stance on the 2008 Georgian crisis revealed him as a 'neoconservative' whose approach had 'made it abundantly clear where he stands on the great divide in world politics today. He is for the US empire'.[29]

In his 2015 book The Empire and Ukraine, he described "the Putin regime" as "unquestionably capitalist, of a particularly corrupt and oligarchic sort".[10] Nevertheless, in June 2018 Murray was banned from entering Ukraine for three years by the country's Security Service, which stated that he was "considered part of Putin’s global propagandist network, selling Russian lies, especially in relation to Crimea and the war in Ukraine’s east."[30]

Murray is a defender of North Korea, saying in 2003 to a meeting of the CPB executive committee: "Our Party has already made its basic position of solidarity with Peoples' Korea clear".[31] In response to a Daily Telegraph letter from Conservative MP and Defence Spokesman Julian Lewis,[9][32] he replied that he had made no secret of his political beliefs.[33] "People throw the word 'Stalinist' around and demean it by trivialising it. But in the case of Murray it is just", wrote Cohen in 2015.[34]

Murray is a vocal critic of Israel. He stated in a 2012 speech that "Palestine stands today undefeated and unbowed despite the bloody aggression by one of the greatest military powers on earth" and that "we have a message for the Israeli embassy, the Israeli government ... every time you kill a Palestinian child, you are digging your own graves".[16]

WritingsEdit

Murray is the author of several books and numerous pamphlets, including The Communist Party of Great Britain: A Historical Analysis to 1941 (1995),[28] Flashpoint World War III (1997), Off the Rails (2001), A New Labour Nightmare: Return of the Awkward Squad (2003), Stop the War: The Story of Britain's Biggest Mass Movement (with Lindsey German, 2005), and The T&G Story (2008) Murray also contributes occasionally to The Guardian and Morning Star.

The Imperial ControversyEdit

The Imperial Controversy (2009) was described Nathaniel Mehr in Tribune magazine as "an important and timely book".[35] In 2019, Murray attracted controversy for arguing in the book that Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler is the most hated historical figure because he killed white rather than non-white people. Murray wrote, "Hitler is uniquely excoriated because his victims were almost all white Europeans, while those of Britain (and other classic colonialisms — French, Belgian, Dutch, Italian and Wilhelmine German) were Asian, African and Arabs."[36] He also wrote elsewhere in the book: "There is nothing in the imperial record as chilling as the systematic extermination of the great majority of Europe's Jews." [36]

Private lifeEdit

Andrew Murray was married Susan Michie from 1981 to 1997 and to Anna Kruthoffer from 2003 to date. He has three children with Michie – Jessica Katharine Murray, Jack Douglas Murray and Laura Catriona Murray,[1] and a stepdaughter, Sally Charlton.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Person Page - 19". The Peerage. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  2. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/16/why-are-labour-party-leaders-so-quiet-on-europe---maybe-it-is-the-lure-of-disaster?CMP=share_btn_tw
  3. ^ a b Maguire, Kevin (25 November 2016). "Commons Confidential: Murray comes in from the cold". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  4. ^ a b Boffey, Daniel (10 December 2016). "Unite leader's aide leaves Communist party to join Labour". The Observer. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Peter Drummond Murray". The Times. London. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2017. (subscription required)
  6. ^ "Person Page - 5711: William Edward Peter Louis Drummond-Murray". The Peerage. Burke's Peerage. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Person Page - 19: Andrew Philip Drummond-Murray". The Peerage. Burke's Peerage. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Eaton, George; Wilby, Peter; Bush, Stephen; Maguire, Kevin; Chakelian, Anoosh (5 March 2018). "The meaning of Corbynism". New Statesman. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d Cohen, Nick (7 April 2003). "Strange bedfellows". New Statesman. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Kennedy, Dominic (9 March 2019). "The privately educated red in bed with Corbyn". The Times. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  11. ^ Williams, Tom (7 November 2003). "Former ASLEF media boss takes on T&G comms role". PR Week UK. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011.
  12. ^ a b c Wilby, Peter (16 April 2016). "The Thin Controller". New Statesman.
  13. ^ Murray, Andrew (13 March 2009). "Miners strike hatchet job". Morning Star. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
  14. ^ a b Harris, John (11 December 2015). "Stop the War chair Andrew Murray: 'Everyone sees friends at Christmas. But Jeremy, apparently, has a problem'". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  15. ^ Waugh, Paul (14 May 2017). "Jeremy Corbyn Drafts In Unite Union Official Andrew Murray To 'Head Up' His Election Campaign Team". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  16. ^ a b Sugarman, Daniel (15 May 2017). "Corbyn appoints anti-Israel activist as campaign chief". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  17. ^ Waugh, Paul (15 May 2017). "Jeremy Corbyn Defends Labour Campaign Role For Ex-Communist Andrew Murray". The Huffington Post.
  18. ^ Pidd, Helen; Mills, Sian (15 May 2017). "Jeremy Corbyn vows to help underpaid and overworked nurses". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  19. ^ Kroet, Cynthia (16 May 2017). "UK shadow chancellor: Labour welcomes former communist as Corbyn comms chief". POLITICO.
  20. ^ Maguire, Kevin (25 November 2016). "Commons Confidential: Murray comes in from the cold". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  21. ^ MacAskill, Ewen (9 June 2017). "Corbyn team at Labour HQ 'stunned' by exit polls on election night". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Union chief calls for George Galloway's readmission to the Labour Party". Jewish News. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  23. ^ Stewart, Heather (26 February 2018). "Jeremy Corbyn makes Unite's Andrew Murray a part-time consultant". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  24. ^ Andy McSmith and Severin Carrell "Stalin apologists drink to the memory of Uncle Joe", The Independent on Sunday, 2 March 2003
  25. ^ Murray, Andrew (17 December 1999). "Eye's Left". Morning Star. Reprinted in Michael Mosbacher "British Anti-Americanism", Social Affairs Unit, 2004, p. 6
  26. ^ Murray, Andrew (12 August 2008). "Cheney, Bush and the Georgia crisis". Morning Star. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  27. ^ Lucas, Edward (3 September 2008). "To Russia, with love". The Guardian.
  28. ^ a b c Kamm, Oliver (19 September 2016). "Labour may have a communist as its general secretary". The Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016. (subscription required)
  29. ^ Murray, Andrew (22 August 2008). "Miliband's true colours". The Guardian.
  30. ^ Ukraine declares UK Labour Party adviser persona non grata for ‘Russian propaganda’ Kyiv Post, 17 September 2018
  31. ^ Murray, Andrew. "Communist Party of Britain: Report To the March 2003 Executive Committee Meeting". Archived from the original on 10 December 2003. Retrieved 2010-03-07. , The document was removed from the website of the Communist Party of Britain.
  32. ^ Lewis, Julian (25 March 2003). "(Letter:) Anti-war protests led by Communist". The Daily Telegraph. Reproduced on Lewis's website Archived 23 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Murray, Andrew (26 March 2003). "(Letter:) Stop the War spans the spectrum". The Daily Telegraph.
  34. ^ Cohen, Nick (15 May 2015). "Labour must understand that Unite is its enemy". The Spectator. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  35. ^ Mehr, Nathaniel (26 May 2010). "Murray mints our imperial history". Tribune.
  36. ^ a b Kennedy, Dominic (9 March 2019). "Andrew Murray: Hitler 'is the most-hated because he killed whites'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 11 March 2019.