The Amalfi Coast (Italian: Costiera amalfitana) is a stretch of coastline in southern Italy overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Gulf of Salerno. It is located south of the Sorrentine Peninsula and north of the Cilentan Coast.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name||Costiera Amalfitana|
|Criteria||Cultural: (ii), (iv), (v)|
|Inscription||1997 (21st Session)|
|Area||11,231 ha (43.36 sq mi)|
Celebrated worldwide for its Mediterranean landscape and natural diversity, the Coast is named after the town of Amalfi, which makes up its main historical and political centre. It is a very popular jet set destination, and has been an attraction to upper-class Europeans since the 18th century, when it was a frequent stopover on their Grand Tours. An attraction to thousands of international tourists of all classes annuallym the Amalfi Coast was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
During the 10th–11th centuries, the Duchy of Amalfi existed on the territory of the Amalfi Coast, centered in the town of Amalfi. The Amalfi coast was later controlled by the Principality of Salerno until Amalfi was sacked by the Republic of Pisa in 1137.
Like the rest of the region, the Amalfi Coast has a Mediterranean climate, featuring warm summers and mild winters. It is located on the relatively steep southern shore of the Sorrentine Peninsula, leaving little room for rural and agricultural development. The only land route to the Amalfi Coast is the 40 kilometres (25 mi) long Amalfi Drive (Strada Statale 163) which runs along the coastline from the town of Vietri sul Mare in the east to Positano in the west. Thirteen municipalities are located on the Amalfi Coast, many of them centered on tourism.
|Vietri sul Mare||Albori, Benincasa, Dragonea,[a] Molina, Raito||Church of Saint John Baptist|
|Cetara||Fuenti||Tower of Cetara|
|Maiori||Erchie, Ponteprimario, San Pietro, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Vecite||Collegiata di Santa Maria, Castle of San Nicola de Thoro Plano, Santa Maria de Olearia|
|Tramonti||Campinola, Capitignano, Cesarano, Corsano, Figlino, Gete, Novella, Paterno Sant'Arcangelo, Paterno Sant'Elia, Pietre, Polvica,[b] Ponte, Pucara||Conservatory of Pucara, Rupestrian Church in Gete|
|Minori||Montecita, Torre||Church of Santa Trofimena and the ancient Roman villa|
|Ravello||Casa Bianca, Castiglione, Marmorata, Sambuco, Torello||Villa Cimbrone, Villa Rufolo, San Giovanni del Toro, and the Duomo (Cathedral)|
|Scala||Campidoglio, Minuta, Pontone||Scala Cathedral|
|Atrani||none||Churches of San Salvatore del Birecto and Santa Maria Maddalena|
|Amalfi||Lone, Pastena, Pogerola, Tovere, Vettica Minore||Amalfi Cathedral, and its cloister (Italian: Chiostro del Paradiso)|
|Conca dei Marini||none||Main church of Saint John Baptist and the Emerald Grotto|
|Furore||Fiordo di Furore, Marina di Praia[c]||Fjord of Furore|
|Praiano||Vettica Maggiore||Churches of San Luca and San Gennaro and Saint John Baptist|
|Positano||Montepertuso, Nocelle||Church of Santa Maria Assunta|
The Amalfi Coast is known for its production of limoncello liqueur, made from lemon (known as sfusato amalfitano in Italian) grown in terraced gardens along the entire coastline between February and October. Amalfi is also a known maker of a hand-made thick paper called bambagina, symbolic of Italy’s ancient traditional technique for paper production and historically used for private writings, legal acts, and revenue stamps.  Other renowned local products are a particular kind of anchovy (local Italian: alici) from Cetara, and the colorful handmade ceramics from Vietri.
Buses and ferries run along the Amalfi Coast, as well as boat excursions from Positano and Amalfi.
In popular cultureEdit
The natural beauty and picturesque landscapes of the Amalfi Coast have made it one of the most popular destinations of the world's jet set, earning it the nickname of "Divine Coast" (Divina costiera).
The rulers of Amalfi are the central figures in John Webster's Jacobean tragedy The Duchess of Malfi. The Dutch artist M.C. Escher produced a number of artworks of the Amalfi coast, and Spike Milligan describes his time in Amalfi during a period of leave in the fourth part of his war memoirs, Mussolini: His Part in My Downfall.
The city of Positano is featured in John Steinbeck's 1953 short story Positano. The city is also featured in Under the Tuscan Sun, Christopher Nolan's Tenet and the Kath and Kim movie Kath & Kimderella.
- Includes the localities of Iaconti and San Vincenzo.
- Polvica is the municipal seat of Tramonti.
- Partly included in the municipality of Praiano.
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