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Scala is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy. It is located on a rocky hill c. 400 m over the sea level and is part of the Amalfi Coast.

Scala
Comune di Scala
Scala viewed from Ravello
Scala viewed from Ravello
Location of Scala
Scala is located in Italy
Scala
Scala
Location of Scala in Italy
Scala is located in Campania
Scala
Scala
Scala (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°39′N 14°36′E / 40.650°N 14.600°E / 40.650; 14.600Coordinates: 40°39′N 14°36′E / 40.650°N 14.600°E / 40.650; 14.600
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
FrazioniSan Pietro, Santa Caterina, Campidoglio, Minuta, Pontone
Government
 • MayorLuigi Mansi
Area
 • Total13.86 km2 (5.35 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total1,516
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Scalesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84010
Dialing code089
Patron saintSt. Lawrence
Saint dayAugust 10
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

HistoryEdit

According to an ancient and unproven tradition, it was founded by Roman shipwrecks travelling to Constantinople. In the Middle Ages Scala was, together with Ravello, the most important fortification of the Duchy of Amalfi. Its two castles (mentioned in a document of c. 1000 AD) were sacked by Robert Guiscard in 1073 and destroyed by the Pisane sixty years later. In 1210 the fate repeated with the troops of Otto IV and, in the late century, during the Sicilian Vespers.

The Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, commonly known as the Redemptorists, were founded in Scala by Saint Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori.

Main sightsEdit

Scala is divided into six different hamlets with precise identities: from north to south, Santa Caterina, Campoleone, Campidoglio, Scala, Minuta and Pontone. Attractions include:

  • Santa Caterina: Porta Urbana, church of Santa Caterina, chapels of St. Paul and Santa Maria della Porta
  • Campoleone: church of San Pietro, in Angevine-Gothic style.
  • Campidoglio: church of San Giovanni Battista, with a Moresque bell tower.
  • The Duomo of Scala, modified in Baroque times. It has maintained the medieval crypt, the Angevine sepulchre of Marinella Rufolo, and an episcopal mitre and a Crucifix from the 13th century. Also notable is the Bishops' Palace.
  • Minuta: Romanesque church of Annunziata
  • Pontone: church of San Giovanni Battista and the remains of the basilica of Sant'Eustachio.
  • Hotel Zi'Ntonio: charming hotel with balconies in every room directly overlooking the Amalfi coast and a beautiful view of Ravello. The experience feels like a scene from the movie A Room With a View.

ChestnutsEdit

The town is famous for its cultivation of chestnuts. Every year, at the end of November, for two consecutive weekends, a Sagra delle Castagne (a chestnut festival) is held in the main square.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.