Albert Harry Schmitt is an American recording engineer and record producer. He has won twenty Grammy Awards for his work with Henry Mancini, Steely Dan, George Benson, Toto, Natalie Cole, Quincy Jones, and others.
|Birth name||Albert Harry Schmitt|
|Born||17 April 1930|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Recording engineer, record producer|
Schmitt grew up in New York City and lived in Brooklyn til the late 1940s. He bought his first 78 at the age of 10, Jimmie Lunceford's record "White Heat." Schmitt's favorite band was Jimmie Lunceford & His Orchestra. He had a younger sister and two younger brothers (Richy and Russ), both of who became audio engineers. His family was poor so some Saturdays he worked at a shop doing shoe repairs.
On the weekends, Schmitt would spend time at his uncle's recording studio, Harry Smith Recording (Smith had changed his name from "Schmitt" to "Smith" because of the anti-German sentiment of the era.) From the age of 8, Schmitt would ride the subway himself from Brooklyn to Manhattan to go to the studio.
Smith's studio was the first independent recording studio on the East Coast. engineered sessions for Brunswick Records including with Bing Crosby, and the Andrew Sisters. Smith was his father's brother and also Schmitt's godfather. Schmitt considers Smith one of his mentors for recording along with Tom Dowd.
After serving in the U.S. Navy, he began working at Apex Recording Studios at the age of 19 as an apprentice. He got the job based on a recommendation from his uncle. His job was primarily assisting on engineer Tom Dowd's recording sessions. After a few months, he was engineering small demo recordings (mono recordings at 78 rpm)
On a Saturday afternoon, Schmitt's had a recording session with Duke Ellington and his Orchestra - not the small demo recording he was expecting to do. Schmitt was the only one at the studio and couldn't get the owner or engineer Tom Dowd on the phone so he did the session himself. Schmitt said he told Ellington many times, "Mr. Ellington, I’m not qualified to do this". Ellington responded by patting him on the leg, looking him in the eye and saying, "It’s okay sonny, we are going to get through this". They cut three songs in four hours.
He worked at Apex for two years until it closed.
When Apex closed, he moved to Nola Studios for a year (Tom Dowd told him of the opening) then worked at Fulton Recording. At Fulton, he worked with engineer Bob Doherty who taught him how to mix large orchestras.
In 1963 he moved to RCA in Hollywood as a staff engineer, the first engineer hired for the studio. While at RCA he engineered albums for Henry Mancini, Cal Tjader, Al Hirt, Rosemary Clooney, Liverpool Five, The Astronauts, Sam Cooke ("Bring It On Home to Me," "Cupid," "Another Saturday Night") in 1961. He also did a lot of motion picture scoring work for Alex North and Elmer Bernstein. In addition, Schmitt worked with Jascha Heifetz's "Million Dollar Trio", which comprised Heifetz himself, Arthur Rubinstein on the piano, and Gregor Piatigorsky or Emanuel Feuermann on cello. Schmitt once stated that "Mr. Heifetz was very temperamental in the Studio." He has also stated that Heifetz would have angry fits during recording sessions. Schmitt also engineered the recording sessions held at RCA Hollywood for Elvis Presley's first post-army motion picture for Paramount Pictures, titled G.I. Blues. These recording sessions were held on 27–28 April 1960.
From the mid-60s to presentEdit
In 1966 Schmitt left RCA and became an independent producer. He produced albums for Jefferson Airplane, Eddie Fisher, Glenn Yarborough, Jackson Browne and Neil Young. In the mid 1970s he began spending more time engineering again, recording and mixing artists from Willy DeVille to Dr. John.
Other career highlights include engineering both Frank Sinatra Duets albums, Ray Charles' Genius Loves Company and some of Diana Krall's albums. Much of his work in the last few years has been with producer Tommy LiPuma. He has also recorded Sammy Davis, Jr., Natalie Cole, Thelonious Monk, Elvis Presley, Tony Bennett, Madonna, Michael Jackson, and many others.
Since he moved to Hollywood, Schmitt has almost exclusively worked at Capitol Studios, with occasional sessions at United Recording Studios and EastWest Studios, formerly Western Recording. He made an advertisement for AMS Neve's 88R console at Capitol's Studio A, which currently holds an 88R.
Schmitt has also appeared on the online internet television series "Pensado's Place", hosted by Dave Pensado and Herb Trawick. During one of the segments he mentioned that his favorite microphone is the Neumann U 67 tube (valve) condenser microphone, and explained that he uses the microphone on numerous sources.
- Jazz Suite on the Mass Texts – Paul Horn, composed and conducted by Lalo Schifrin (RCA Victor, 1965)
- After Bathing at Baxter's – Jefferson Airplane (1967)
- Crown of Creation – Jefferson Airplane (1968)
- Bless Its Pointed Little Head – Jefferson Airplane (1969)
- Volunteers – Jefferson Airplane (1969)
- Hot Tuna – Hot Tuna (1970)
- Playing My Fiddle for You - Papa John Creach (1974)
- On the Beach – Neil Young (1974)
- Late for the Sky – Jackson Browne (1974)
- We Got By – Al Jarreau (1975)
- Farther Along – Spirit (1976)
- Glow – Al Jarreau (1976)
- Look to the Rainbow – Al Jarreau (1977) (co–produced w/Tommy LiPuma)
- All Fly Home – Al Jarreau (1978)
- Dream Machine – Paul Horn (1978)
Awards and honorsEdit
He has won more Grammy Awards than any other engineer or mixer. He was the first person to win both the Grammy and Latin Grammy for Album of the Year. He won his first Grammy in 1963 for engineering the Hatari! soundtrack by Henry Mancini. The song "Moon River" and its associated album won two Grammy awards in 1961 as well as an Academy Award for Best Song with its appearance in the film Breakfast at Tiffany's. He was awarded two Latin Grammy Awards in 2000 including Album of the Year. In 2005 he won five Grammys for his work on Ray Charles' Genius Loves Company, including Album of the Year, setting the record for most Grammys won by an engineer or mixer in one night. In 2006, he was given the Grammy Trustees Lifetime Achievement Award.
Don Was, Joe Walsh, and President/CEO of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, Leron Gubler were speakers at Schmitt's Star Unveiling Ceremony. Gubler declared that 13 August would be designated 'Al Schmitt Day' in Hollywood. Although Natalie Cole and Paul McCartney were unable to attend the ceremony, both released statements that were read by Gubler at the ceremony.
|1962||Best Engineering Contribution – Other Than Novelty And Other Than Classical||Hatari!||Henry Mancini|
|1976||Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical||Breezin'||George Benson|
|1977||Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical||Aja||Steely Dan|
|1978||Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical||"FM (No Static at All)"||Steely Dan|
|1982||Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical||Toto IV||Toto|
|1991||Best Engineered Album – Non-Classical||Unforgettable… with Love||Natalie Cole|
|1996||Best Engineered Album – Non-Classical||Q's Jook Joint||Quincy Jones|
|1999||Best Engineered Album – Non-Classical||When I Look in Your Eyes||Diana Krall|
|2000||Album of the Year||Amarte Es Un Placer||Luis Miguel|
|Pop Album||Amarte Es Un Placer||Luis Miguel|
|2001||Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical||The Look of Love||Diana Krall|
|2002||Best Jazz Vocal Album||Live in Paris||Diana Krall|
|2004||Best Surround Sound Album||Genius Loves Company||Ray Charles|
|Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical||Genius Loves Company||Ray Charles|
|Best Pop Vocal Album||Genius Loves Company||Ray Charles|
|Album of the Year||Genius Loves Company||Ray Charles|
|Record of the Year||"Here We Go Again"||Norah Jones & Ray Charles|
|2006||Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group||The Ultimate Adventure||Chick Corea|
|2008||Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album||Still Unforgettable||Natalie Cole|
|2010||Best Jazz Vocal Album||Eleanora Fagan (1915-1959): To Billie with Love from Dee Dee Bridgewater||Dee Dee Bridgewater|
|2012||Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album||Kisses on the Bottom||Paul McCartney|
|2013||Best Surround Sound Album||Live Kisses||Paul McCartney|
- Larry LeBlanc. "Industry Profile: Al Schmitt". celebrityaccess.com. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Al, Schmitt (2018). Al Schmitt on the record : the magic behind the music. Droney, Maureen. Milwaukee, WI. ISBN 9781495061059. OCLC 1045666473.
- "Al Schmitt: a living legend and 'just a simple analogue kind of guy'". Abbey Road Institute Amsterdam. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- Hogan, Ed. "Al Schmitt Biography". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Stephen Peeples (4 January 2015). "Al Schmitt Pt. 1/8 - Bob Dylan's 'Shadows in the Night'/'Fallen Angels'". Retrieved 14 November 2016 – via YouTube.
- Pool, Bob (18 June 2008). "Capitol fears for its sonic signature". Los Angeles Times.
- "Engineer and Producer Al Schmitt". Pensado's Place. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Walsh, Christopher (13 July 2002). Al Schmitt four decades of Grammy hits. Billboard. pp. 47, 58, 60.
- Holman, Jordyn (19 June 2014). "Hollywood Walk of Fame 2015 Honorees Revealed". Variety. ISSN 0042-2738.
- "Al Schmitt | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Al Schmitt". latimes.com. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Barker, Andrew (13 August 2015). "Watch: Al Schmitt Receives Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame". Variety. ISSN 0042-2738.
- "Pensado Awards". Pensado's Place. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Edwards, Margot (25 August 2014). "Multiple Grammy-Winner Al Schmitt to Receive Honorary Doctorate". Berklee College of Music. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Past Winners Search". Grammy Award. Retrieved 12 December 2011.