Bel Air (or Bel-Air)[fn 1] is a residential neighborhood on the Los Angeles Westside, in the foothills of the Santa Monica Mountains in the U.S. state of California. Founded in 1923, it is the home of the Hannah Carter Japanese Garden and the American Jewish University.
The community was founded in 1923 by Alphonzo Bell. Bell owned farm property in Santa Fe Springs, California, where oil was discovered. He bought a large ranch with a home on what is now Bel Air Road. He subdivided and developed the property with large residential lots, with work on the master plan led by the landscape architect Mark Daniels. He also built the Bel-Air Bay Club in Pacific Palisades and the Bel-Air Country Club. His wife chose Italian names for the streets. She also founded the Bel-Air Garden Club in 1931.
On November 6, 1961, a fire ignited and devastated the community of Bel Air, destroying 484 homes in the area. On December 6, 2017, a fire started by a homeless encampment burned in the same area, destroying six homes.
Bel Air is situated about 12 miles (19 km) west of Downtown Los Angeles, set entirely within the Santa Monica Mountains. It lies across Sunset Boulevard from the northern edge of the main campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. At the heart of the community sits the Bel-Air Country Club and the Hotel Bel-Air.
|Climate data for Bel-Air, Los Angeles|
|Average high °F (°C)||67
|Average low °F (°C)||47
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.27
The 2000 U.S. census counted 7,691 residents in the 6.37-square-mile (16.5 km2) Bel Air neighborhood; with 1,207 per square mile (466/km2) it has among the lowest population densities for the city and the county. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 8,253.
In 2000, the median age for residents was 46, which was high for city and county neighborhoods. The percentages of residents aged 50 and older was among the county's highest.
The median yearly household income in 2008 was $207,938, the highest figure for any neighborhood or city in Los Angeles County. Renters occupied 14.5% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 85.5%. The average household size of 2.4 people was considered typical for Los Angeles.
The 4.1% of families headed by single parents was considered low for city and county neighborhoods. The percentages of married people in Bel Air were among the county's highest—66.0% for men and 65.7% for women. There were 808 veterans, or 12.9% of the population.
The neighborhood was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles, with a relatively high percentage of white people. The breakdown was whites, 83.0%; Asians, 8.2%; Latinos, 4.6%; African Americans, 0.9%; and others, 3.2%. Iran (26.1%) and South Africa (8.2%) were the most common places of birth for the 24.1% of the residents who were born abroad—which was an average percentage for Los Angeles as a whole.
Of several entrances, there are two main ones: (1) the East Gate at Beverly Glen and Sunset Boulevards and (2) the West Gate at Bellagio Way and Sunset Boulevard, opposite an entrance to UCLA. Bel Air is generally subdivided into three distinct neighborhoods: East Gate Old Bel Air, West Gate Bel Air, and Upper Bel Air.
Bel Air Estates, the original subdivision of the Bel Air community, is generally bounded by Nimes Road to the north, Sunset Boulevard to the south, Beverly Glen Boulevard to the east and both sides of Bel Air Road to the west.
The Hannah Carter Japanese Garden is located in Bel Air. It was inspired by the gardens of Kyoto. Many structures in the garden—the main gate, garden house, bridges, and shrine—were built in Japan and reassembled on site. Antique stone carvings, water basins and lanterns, as well as the five-tiered pagoda, and key symbolic rocks are also from Japan.
Government and infrastructure edit
It lies within the 5th city council district, represented by Paul Koretz. It is located in the 90077 (Bel Air Estates & Beverly Glen) ZIP code, which is part of the city of Los Angeles. Stone Canyon Reservoir lies in the northeastern part of Bel Air. Established in 1994, it serves around 500,000 people. The Bel Air Association has been operational since 1942, dedicated to preserving the aesthetic appearance of the residential community. The Bel Air Association is located at the entrance of the East Gate of Bel Air at 100 Bel Air Road.
Emergency services edit
Fire services edit
Police services edit
Almost two-thirds (66.1%) of Bel Air residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high percentage for the city and the county. The percentages of residents in that age range with a bachelor's degree or greater were high for the county. The community is within the Los Angeles Unified School District. The area is within Board District 4. As of 2009, Steve Zimmer represented the district.
The schools within Bel Air are as follows:
- Roscomare Road Elementary School, 2425 Roscomare Road
- Community Magnet Charter Elementary School, 11301 Bellagio Road. As of 2010[update], because the school's points-based admissions system does not favor area residents, children living in Bel Air generally do not attend the school. It is located in the former Bellagio Road School campus.
Roscomare Road and Warner Avenue Elementary School in Westwood are the zoned elementary schools serving Bel Air. Bel Air is within the attendance boundaries of Emerson Middle School in Westwood and University High School, West Los Angeles.
In April 1983, an advisory committee of the LAUSD recommended closing eight LAUSD schools, including Bellagio Road School. The committee did not target Fairburn Avenue School in Westwood, as a way of allowing it to preserve its ethnic balance, and so it can take children from Bellagio Road in case it closed. In August 1983, the board publicly considered closing Bellagio, which had 240 students at the time. The school's enrollment had been decreasing. In May 1983 the board voted to keep the school open. In February 1984, after the composition of the board had changed, the board voted to close the Bellagio Road School.
Bel Air previously housed the Bellagio Road Newcomer School, a 3rd–8th grade school for newly arrived immigrants. In 2002, it had 390 students from Armenia, China, El Salvador, Guatemala, Korea, Russia, and other countries. This program was housed in the former Bellagio Road school.
- Marymount High School, 10643 Sunset Boulevard
- Stephen S. Wise Temple Elementary School/Milken Community Schools, K–12, 15500 Stephen S. Wise Drive
- John Thomas Dye School, K–6, 11414 Chalon Road
- The Mirman School
- Westland School, 16200 Mulholland Drive, was founded in 1949. It moved to its current location in 1965, becoming the first school to locate in what has now developed into a major 'institutional corridor' in the area of the Sepulveda Pass.
In popular culture edit
Television shows and films have been filmed in Bel Air, or are said to take place in the community. Exterior shots for the Beverly Hillbillies were shot in and around 750 Bel Air Road, built by Lynn Atkinson (and later sold to hotelier Arnold Kirkeby after Atkinson's wife refused to move into a house she thought too ostentatious). Several scenes in the film "Get Hard" (2015) were set in Bel Air. Exterior scenes from films such as Get Shorty (1995) have also been filmed in the area. Several episodes of the television show The Rockford Files were filmed in Bel Air.
Bel Air is also represented in music, such as in the song "Bel Air" by Lana Del Rey.
Notable people edit
- Jennifer Aniston, actress
- Warner Baxter, actor
- Arie and Rebecka Belldegrun, doctors
- Jack Benny, comedian
- Beyoncé, singer-songwriter, actress
- Wilt Chamberlain, Basketball Hall of Fame inductee
- Glenn Cowan (1952–2004), table tennis player
- Clint Eastwood, actor, film director
- Eric Eisner, Hollywood lawyer and executive, former president of The Geffen Film Company
- John Gilbert, actor
- George Herbert Harries, US Army major general
- Kathy Hilton, socialite and philanthropist
- Richard Hilton, businessman and real estate broker
- Alfred Hitchcock, film director
- Ethan and Hila Klein, YouTube personalities
- Jay-Z, rapper
- Mary Livingstone, actress and comedian
- Sondra Locke, actress, film director
- Joni Mitchell, singer-songwriter
- Steven Mnuchin, 77th United States Secretary of the Treasury
- Leonard Nimoy, actor, film director, poet, singer and photographer
- Chris Paul, basketball athlete
- President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan
- Naty Saidoff, diamond dealer, real estate investor, founding member of the Israeli-American Council
- Darren Star, show and movie producer, writer
- Elizabeth Taylor, actress at 700 Nimes Road from 1982 until 2011
- Walter and Shirley Wang, Chinese-American philanthropists, son and daughter-in-law of Taiwanese business magnate Wang Yung-ching
- The Weeknd, singer-songwriter, actor
See also edit
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...in Beverly Hills, Bel Air, and Brentwood, known in local parlance as 'the three Bs.'
- Melton, Mary (August 25, 1996). "The Stars of Star Maps". Los Angeles Times.
Each map tends to cover the 'three Bs': Brentwood, Bel-Air and Beverly Hills. A few toss in a Malibu sidebar.
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But, as Meyer's case suggests, nowhere have those losses been as dramatic as the high-priced area on the Westside known as the 'three Bs' – Brentwood, Bel-Air and Beverly Hills.
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The diversity index measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50."
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...a bright and talkative black girl, rode a school bus from her home west of down-town Los Angeles to Roscomare Road Elementary School in the hills of Bel Air.
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