Paul Horn (musician)
|Born||March 17, 1930|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||June 29, 2014 (aged 84)|
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
|Associated acts||R. Carlos Nakai|
Horn was born on March 17, 1930 in New York City and has Jewish roots through his father. The family moved to Washington, D.C. when Horn was four. He took up the piano at age four, followed by the clarinet at 12. While in Washington, D.C., Horn attended Theodore Roosevelt High School and the Washington College of Music. In the summer of 1942, Horn worked as an usher at the Earl Theatre to buy a clarinet. He studied the clarinet and flute at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio, earning a bachelor's degree. In June 1953, Horn gained a master's from the Manhattan School of Music.
Moving to Los Angeles he played with Chico Hamilton's quintet from 1956 to 1958 and became an established West Coast session player. He played on the Duke Ellington Orchestra's Suite Thursday and worked with Nat King Cole, Tony Bennett and others. He scored the 1959 animated television series Clutch Cargo.
In 1960 Horn recorded for Fantasy Records with Latin Jazz vibraphonist Cal Tjader (with drummers Willie Bobo and Mongo Santamaria) for the album Latino! (originally released in 1962 and later re-released with the same title in 1992.)
Horn became a practitioner of Transcendental Meditation. He attended training at the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's ashram along with The Beatles on their 1968 trip to India. Following his experiences in India Horn's recordings moved from jazz to world and new-age music.
In 1955, Horn married his first wife, Lilian Yvonne Jourdan. By 1959, the marriage had started to fall apart and their divorce was finalised a few years later. In 1970, he moved with his two sons Marlen and Robin from his marriage, and second wife Tryntje Baum to Victoria, British Columbia, on Vancouver Island. He formed his own quintet and recorded film scores for the National Film Board of Canada.
While well practiced as a jazz musician, many of his works defy such categorization. As well as the Inside series, he recorded other albums of jazz with musicians from a range of cultures and backgrounds including China and Africa.
- House of Horn (Dot, 1957)
- Plenty of Horn (Dot, 1958)
- Impressions! (World Pacific, 1959)
- Something Blue (HiFi Jazz, 1960)
- The Sound of Paul Horn (Columbia, 1961)
- Profile of a Jazz Musician (Columbia, 1962)
- Impressions of Cleopatra (Columbia, 1963)
- Jazz Suite on the Mass Texts (RCA Victor, 1964) written, arranged and conducted by Lalo Schifrin
- Cycle (RCA Victor, 1965)
- Here's That Rainy Day (RCA Victor, 1966)
- Monday, Monday (RCA Victor, 1966) arranged and conducted by Oliver Nelson
- Paul Horn In India (1967, World Pacific), composed and adapted by Paul Horn, Ravi Shankar and Allaudin Kahn
- Paul Horn In Kashmir (1967, World Pacific)
- Inside (1969, Epic) (also known later as Inside the Taj Mahal)
- Paul Horn and the Concert Ensemble (1970, Ovation Records)
- Inside II, (1972, Epic)
- Visions (1974, Epic)
- Altura Do Sol (High Sun)/The Altitude of the Sun (1975, Epic), composed and accompanied by Egberto Gismonti
- Special Edition (1975, Mushroom Records)
- Nexus (1975, Epic)
- Inside the Great Pyramid (1976)
- Dream Machine (1978, Mushroom Records), composed, arranged and conducted by Lalo Schifrin
- Riviera Concert (1980)
- China (1981, Golden Flute Records), with David M.Y. Liang, cheng, sheng and erh-hu
- Inside the Cathedral (1983)
- Jupiter 8 (1983, Golden Flute Records), with Ralph Dyck, synthesizer
- Paul Horn in Concert (1984, Golden Flute Music), with David Friesen, Oregon bass, and Ralph Hooper, organ
- Connections (1984, Gramavision), with Steven Halpern
- Traveler (1985)
- Sketches: A Collection, selections from the Golden Flute series (1986) (Lost Lake Arts/Windham Hill)
- The Peace Album (1988) – music for Christmas
- Brazilian Images (1989)
- Inside the Taj Mahal, Volume 2 (1989)
- Nomad (1990)
- Africa (1994)
- Music (1997)
- Inside Canyon de Chelly (1997) – with R. Carlos Nakai
- Inside Monument Valley (1999) – with Nakai
- Tibet: Journey to the Roof of the World (2000)
- Imprompture (2001)
- Journey Inside Tibet (2001)
With Mongo Santamaria
- Mongo (Fantasy, 1959)
With Cal Tjader
With Lorez Alexandria
- More of the Great Lorez Alexandria (Impulse!, 1964)
With Nat King Cole
- L-O-V-E (Capitol, 1965)
With Buddy Collette
With Duke Ellington
- Swinging Suites by Edward E. and Edward G. (Columbia, 1960)
With Chico Hamilton
- Chico Hamilton Quintet (Pacific Jazz, 1957)
- Sweet Smell of Success (Decca, 1957)
- South Pacific in Hi-Fi (World Pacific, 1958)
- Ellington Suite (World Pacific, 1959)
- The Three Faces of Chico (Warner Bros., 1959)
With Fred Katz
- Zen: The Music of Fred Katz (Pacific Jazz, 1957)
- Soul° Cello (Decca, 1958)
- Folk Songs for Far Out Folk (Warner Bros., 1958)
With Shelly Manne
- My Fair Lady with the Un-original Cast (Capitol, 1964)
With Ken Nordine
With Shorty Rogers
- Chances Are It Swings (RCA Victor, 1958)
- An Invisible Orchard (RCA Victor, 1961 )
- The Fourth Dimension in Sound (Warner Bros., 1961)
- Bossa Nova (Reprise, 1962)
- Jazz Waltz (Reprise, 1962)
With Pete Rugolo
With Lalo Schifrin
- Gone with the Wave (Colpix, 1964)
With The Beach Boys
- Pet Sounds (Capitol, 1966)
- "Early Years". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- Fordham, John (7 July 2014). "Paul Horn obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- Horn & Underwood 1990, p. 49.
- Horn & Underwood 1990, p. 50.
- Horn & Underwood 1990, p. 51.
- Horn & Underwood 1990, p. 61.
- Obituary in Times Colonist
- Horn & Underwood 1990, p. 4, 62.
- "California Cool Jazz". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- "India and Beyond". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- "Inside Paul Horn". Paul Horn Music. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- Horn, Paul; Underwood, Lee (1990). Inside Paul Horn: The Spiritual Odyssey of a Universal Traveler. Harper. ISBN 978-0-062-50388-6.