|30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate |
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
|Reign||29 August 1135 – 17 August 1136|
|Died||6 June 1138 (aged 29)|
Isfahan, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iran
Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuq Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the Sultan Mas'ud's envoy who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to sultan because of the murder of Dubeis, set up a rival sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The sultan's power restored, a council was held, the caliph deposed, and his uncle, son of Al-Muqtafi, appointed as the new caliph.
- This text is adapted from William Muir's 1924 book The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline, and Fall, which is in the public domain.
Cadet branch of the Banu HashimBorn: 1109 Died: 6 June 1138
|Sunni Islam titles|
| Caliph of Islam
29 August 1135 – 1136
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