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Ar-Rashid (1109 – 6 June 1138) (Arabic: الراشد‎) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1135 to 1136. He succeeded his father Caliph Al-Mustarshid in the year 1135 as the thirtieth Abbasid Caliph.

Ar-Rashid
الراشد
30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign29 August 1135 – 17 August 1136
PredecessorAl-Mustarshid
SuccessorAl-Muqtafi
Born1109
Died6 June 1138 (aged 29)
Isfahan, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iran
FatherAl-Mustarshid
ReligionSunni Islam

Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuq Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the Sultan Mas'ud's envoy who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to sultan because of the murder of Dubeis, set up a rival sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The sultan's power restored, a council was held, the caliph deposed, and his uncle, son of Al-Muqtafi, appointed as the new caliph.

Ar-Rashid fled to Isfahan, where he was killed by Hashshashins in 1138.

ReferencesEdit

ar-Rashid
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 1109 Died: 6 June 1138
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Al-Mustarshid
Caliph of Islam
Abbasid Caliph

29 August 1135 – 1136
Succeeded by
Al-Muqtafi