Al-Mustansir (Baghdad)

Al-Mustansir Bi'llah (full name:Abû Ja`far al-Mustansir bi-llah al-Mansûr ben az-Zâhir[3] Surname Al-Mustansir)[4] was the penultimate Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from 1226 to 1242. He succeeded Caliph Az-Zahir in the year 1226.

Abû Ja`far Al-Mustansir bi-llah al-Mansûr ben az-Zâhir
ابو جعفر المستنصر باللہ المنصور بن الظاھر
36th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign10 July 1226 – 5 December 1242
Predecessoraz-Zahir
Successoral-Musta'sim
Born17 February 1192 [1]
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iraq
Died5 December 1242 (aged 50)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iraq
ConsortShahan,
Hajir[2]
IssueAl-Musta'sim
DynastyAbbasid
Fatheraz-Zahir
MotherZahra
ReligionSunni Islam

BiographyEdit

Al-Mustansir was born in Baghdad on 1192. On his father's death in 1226 he has succeeded his father Az-Zahir as the thirty-sixth Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad. Al-Mustansir died on 5 December 1242.[5] His son Al-Musta'sim succeeded him as the thirty-seventh Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate.

 
The Courtyard of Mustansiriya Medical College

Al-Mustansir established Mustansiriya Madrasah in 1227 (or 1232/34 A.D). It is one of the oldest universities in the world. The Madrasa taught many different subjects, including medicine, math, literature, grammar, philosophy and Islamic religious studies. However, the major focus of education was in Islamic law. It became the most prominent and high-ranking center for Islamic studies in all of Baghdad.[6] Madrasas during the Abbasid period were used as the predominant instrument to foster the spread of Islamic thought as well as a way to extend the founder's pious ideals.[7] The architecture of the Madrasa was also an important example of Islamic architectural development in Baghdad. The Madrasa has experienced several periods of decline and reemergence throughout its history. The most significant degradation to the Madrasa's architecture and position within Baghdad, was the Mongol Siege of Baghdad (1258). Today, the Madrasa is in a state of restoration as is it being overseen by the Directorate of Antiquities in Iraq. It is currently a part of the Al-Mustansiriya University, and is located on the left bank of the Tigris River, the building survived the Mongol sack of 1258, and has been restored. Nearby buildings included the Saray souq, the Baghdadi Museum, Mutanabbi Street, the Abbasid Palace and Caliph's Street.

See alsoEdit

  • Al-Mustansir Muslim regnal surname.
  • Sixth Crusade (1228–1229) was a military expedition to recapture the city of Jerusalem from Muslims.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir: Albidayah Wa-Nahaya, V. XIII. p. 147
  2. ^ Al-Hawadith al-Jami'a . Ibn al-Fuwaṭi
  3. ^ Arabic : abū jaʿfar al-mustanṣir bi-llāh al-manṣūr ben aẓ-ẓāhir,
    أبو جعفر المسنتصر بالله المنصور بن محمد الظاهر
  4. ^ Arabic : Al-Mustanṣir, المسنتصر بالله
  5. ^ 10 Jumada ath-thani 640 A.H.
  6. ^ Hillenbrand, Robert (1994). Islamic architecture : form, function, and meaning (Casebound ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231101325. OCLC 30319450.
  7. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M. (1997). Islamic arts. Blair, Sheila. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 9780714831763. OCLC 37265778.

SourcesEdit

Al-Mustansir (Baghdad)
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 17 February 1192 Died: 5 December 1242
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Az-Zahir
Caliph of Islam
Abbasid Caliph

10 July 1226 – 5 December 1242
Succeeded by
Al-Musta'sim