Az-Zahir (Abbasid caliph)

Az-Zahir or Al-Dhahir (1175 – 11 July 1226) (Arabic: الظاهر بأمر الله‎, romanizedAẓ-Ẓāhir bi-Amr Allāh | in full: أبو النصر محمد الظاهر بأمر الله بن أحمد الناصر) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1225 to 1226. He succeeded his father Caliph Al-Nasir in the year 1225 as the thirty-fifth Abbasid Caliph.

Aẓ-Ẓāhir bi-Amr Allāh
الظاهر بأمر الله
Khalīfah
Amir al-Mu'minin
35th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign5 October 1225 – 10 July 1226
PredecessorAn-Nasir
SuccessorAl-Mustansir
Born1176
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iraq
Died10 July 1226 (aged 51)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iraq
Burial
Baghdad
ConsortBab Jawhar,
Hayat Khatun,
Zahra
IssueAl-Mustansir Abu Ja‘far al-Mansur,
Al-Mustansir Abu al-Qasim Ahmad
Full name
Az-Zahir ibn Al-Nasir ibn Al-Mustadi ibn Al-Mustanjid
FatherAn-Nasir
MotherAsma
ReligionSunni Islam

BiographyEdit

Aẓ-Ẓāhir bi-Amr Allāh was the Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. He was the son of an-Nasir, and was named as his successor in 1189. In his short reign, he lowered the taxes, and built a strong army to resist invasions. He died on 10 July 1226, nine months after his accession.

SuccessionEdit

Az-Zahir died at the age of 51, He ruled as caliph for a short period of nine months.

He was succeeded by al-Mustansir Bi'llah (Abû Ja`far al-Mustansir bi-llah al-Mansûr ben az-Zâhir).[1] Al-Mustansir Bi'llah was born in 17 February 1192.[2] On Az-Zahir's death in 1226 he succeeded him as the thirty-sixth Abbasid Caliph. He died on 5 December 1242.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arabic : abū jaʿfar al-mustanṣir bi-llāh al-manṣūr ben aẓ-ẓāhir,
    أبو جعفر المسنتصر بالله المنصور بن محمد الظاهر
  2. ^ Ibn Kathir: Albidayah Wa-Nahaya, V. XIII. p. 147
  3. ^ 10 Jumada ath-thani 640 A.H.
Az-Zahir or Al-Dhahir
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 1175 Died: 11 July 1226
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
An-Nasir
Caliph of Islam
Abbasid Caliph

5 October 1225 – 11 July 1226
Succeeded by
Al-Mustansir