Social Democratic Party (Iceland)
The Social Democratic Party (Icelandic: Alþýðuflokkurinn, lit. People's Party) was a social-democratic political party in Iceland. It was founded in 1916 as the political representation of the trade unions of Iceland.
|Merged into||Social Democratic Alliance|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
Its first member of the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, was Jón Baldvinsson, who was elected in 1920. The party would contest elections to the Althing with little success until 1934 when the party obtained 10 parliamentary seats. Iceland shifted towards a proportional representation system later that year, which political scientist Amel Ahmed attributes to the rising electoral threat that the Social Democratic Party posed to the Independence Party and Progressive Party.
Three times the party led the government of Iceland; in 1947-1949 under Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson, in 1958-1959 under Emil Jónsson and under Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal in 1979-1980. Its longest participation in government was with the Independence Party from 1959-1971.
The Social Democratic Party was succeeded in 2000 by the Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin), a centre-left party with a wider political base created by the merger of the Social Democratic Party with the People's Alliance, Women's List and National Awakening.
- Ottó N. Þorláksson (1916)
- Jón Baldvinsson (1916–38)
- Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson (1938–52)
- Hannibal Valdimarsson (1952–54)
- Haraldur Guðmundsson (1954–58)
- Emil Jónsson (1958–68)
- Gylfi Þorsteinsson Gíslason (1968–74)
- Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal (1974–80)
- Kjartan Jóhannsson (1980–84)
- Jón Baldvin Hannibalsson (1984–96)
- Sighvatur Kristinn Björgvinsson (1996–98)
- Guðmundur Árni Stefánsson (1998–2000)
- Oskar Niedermayer; Richard Stöss; Melanie Haas (14 July 2006). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 268. ISBN 978-3-531-14111-4.
- Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson; Eirikur Bergmann (31 January 2014). Iceland and the International Financial Crisis: Boom, Bust and Recovery. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-137-33200-4.
- Ahmed, Amel (2012). "Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice: Engineering Electoral Dominance". Cambridge Core. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
- Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985.
- Donald F. Busky. Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000. ISBN 978-0-275-96886-1; pp. 71–72
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